Analisa Tingkat Kesuburan Kelapa Sawit Berdasarkan Citra Landsat 8 Menggunakan Metode Klasifikasi Terselia (Studi Kasus: Kecamatan Pelaihari, Kabupaten Tanah Laut, Kalimantan Sel

Sudjianto, Finna (2015) Analisa Tingkat Kesuburan Kelapa Sawit Berdasarkan Citra Landsat 8 Menggunakan Metode Klasifikasi Terselia (Studi Kasus: Kecamatan Pelaihari, Kabupaten Tanah Laut, Kalimantan Sel. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Technology Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Tanaman kelapa sawit merupakan tanaman perkebunan yang sekarang ini banyak diusahakan baik oleh petani pekebun maupun perusahaan. Kelapa Sawit sebagai salah satu komoditi hasil perkebunan yang mempunyai peran cukup penting dalam kegiatan perekonomian di Indonesia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat kesuburan kelapa sawit dan seberapa besar pengaruh Nitrogen (N) dan PH terhadap kesuburan kelapa sawit. Perkebunan kelapa sawit merupakan area yang luas sehingga dalam pengamatan kesuburan kelapa sawit ini menggunakan citra satelit. Citra yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah citra satelit LANDSAT 8 tahun 2014. Dalam menentukan kelas tingkat kesuburan, digunakan metode klasifikasi terselia maximum likelihood. Kandungan Nitrogen (N) terhadap sampel tanah yang diuji tergolong sedang dengan rata-rata 0,22%. Sedangkan reaksi tanah (PH) menunjukkan tingkat yang asam dengan ratarata 5,42. Sehingga faktor yang mempengaruhi tingkat kesuburan kelapa sawit adalah reaksi tanah (PH) karena keasaman PH tanah mempengaruhi serapan hara oleh tanaman. Peta klasifikasi vi menunjukkan 3 kelas obyek klasifikasi dengan dominan kelas obyek klasifikasinya adalah sawit tidak subur seluas 12,023.805 Ha. Hal ini dikarenakan kandungan Nitrogen (N) yang berperan dalam pembentukan klorofil sedikit diserap oleh tanaman sehingga nilai indeks vegetasi (NDVI) bernilai 0,11 – 0,21. ======================================================================================================== Oil palm is a plant of plantations that is now widely cultivated both by farmers planters and companies. Oil palm as one of commodity crop that has an important role for economic activities in Indonesia. The purpose of this study is knowing the oil palm fertility and how affecting Nitrogen (N) and PH to oil palm fertility. Oil palm plantattions has a large area so that oil palm fertility observation is using the satellite imagery. Imagery used in this study is a satellite image LANDSAT 8 2014. Determining the fertility level classes, supervised classification maximum likelihood method is used. Nitrogen (N) of the soil samples were teste was in the middle of criteria with an average of 0,22%. While the soil reaction (PH) demonstrated that it’s on acid levels by an average of 5.42. So the factor that affecting the oil palm fertility is soil reaction (pH) because the acidity of the soil pH affects the nutrient uptake by plants. Classification map shows three classes of objects classification with the dominant class of object classification is unfertilite oil palm which an area of 12,023.805 hectares. This is caused by the content of nitrogen (N), which has an important role in formationing of chlorophyll absorbed by the viii plant just a little so the value of vegetation index (NDVI) is 0,11 – 0,21.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSG 621.367 8 Sud a
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kelapa Sawit, Klasifikasi Terselia, Landsat 8, Maximum Likelihood
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General) > G70.5.I4 Remote sensing
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races > HT133 City and Towns. Land use,urban
Divisions: Faculty of Civil, Environmental, and Geo Engineering > Geomatics Engineering > 29202-(S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: Mr. Tondo Indra Nyata
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2019 06:36
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2019 06:36
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/70854

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