Inovasi “Recycle Of The Brackish Water” (Rebwar): Pengolahan Air Payau Sebagai Bahan Baku Air Minum Dengan Kandungan Oksigen - Innovation "Recycle Of The Brackish Water” (Rebwar): The Treatment Of Brackish Water As Raw Material For Drinking Water With Oxygen Content

Pratama, Zandhika Alfi and Rachmawati, Aini (2016) Inovasi “Recycle Of The Brackish Water” (Rebwar): Pengolahan Air Payau Sebagai Bahan Baku Air Minum Dengan Kandungan Oksigen - Innovation "Recycle Of The Brackish Water” (Rebwar): The Treatment Of Brackish Water As Raw Material For Drinking Water With Oxygen Content. Diploma thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Ketersediaan air di Indonesia mencapai 15.500 m3 per kapita per tahun. Angka ini masih jauh di atas ketersediaan air rata-rata di dunia yang hanya 8.000 m3 per tahun. Hal ini dikarenakan air payau di daerah pesisir memeiliki kandungan natrium klorida (NaCl) yang tinggi sehingga menyebabkan rasa asin yang berlebih. Air payau disebabkan oleh adanya intrusi air laut ke jalur air tanah. Peristiwa inilah yang menyebabkan tingginya kadar garam air sumur di daerah pesisir. Pembuatan prototipe ini terdiri dari perancangan prototipe, persiapan pembuatan sampel, pembuatan prototipe, dan pengolahan sampel. Pengolahan air payau ini terdiri dari tiga proses, yaitu filtrasi, aerasi, dan pancaran sinar UV. Produk yang dihasilkan, selanjutnya dianalisa pada parameter DO, pH, salinitas, TDS, turbidity, ferro, mikroorganisme dan total hardness. Keefektifan REBWAR terbaik terjadi pada penggunaan antrasit, zeolit, resin kation dan resin anion sebagai adsorben dengan tanpa aerasi. Hasil analisa pada proses optimum ini adalah persentase penurunan turbidity sebesar 60,94%, kadar TDS sebesar 70,69%, kadar total hardness sebesar 44,92%, kadar ferro sebesar 93,29%, salinitas sebesar 71,43%, dan persentase kenaikan kadar DO sebesar 47,21%, serta mempunyai nilai pH sebesar 7,58. Pada pengamatan analisis mikroorganisme, air produk REBWAR layak dan memenuhi syarat kesehatan dikarenakan tidak ada mikroorganisme yang berada pada kandungan air. Hal ini dikarenakan keefektifan sinar lampu UV yang digunakan untuk mengolah air payau menjadi bahan baku air minum. ======================================================================================================================== The availability of water in Indonesia reaches 15.500 m3 per capita per year. This figure is far above the average water availability in the world which is only about 8.000 m3 per year. This is due to the brackish water in coastal areas contains high sodium chloride (NaCl), causing excessive saltiness. Brackish water is in consequence of the intrusion of seawater into groundwater pathway. Main prosedure to produce this prototype consists of designing prototype, preparing sample, making prototype and treating sample. Brackish water treatment consists of three processes, namely filtration, aeration, and UV rays. Water is produced, and then analyzed to measure parameters, which are DO, pH, salinity, TDS, turbidity, ferro, microorganisms and total hardness. The best effectiveness of REBWAR occurred in the use of anthracite, zeolite, cation resin and anion resin as an adsorbent without aeration. Analysis result of this optimum process is reduction percentage of turbidity is 60.94%, TDS level of 70.69%, total hardness level of 44.92%, ferrous level of 93.29%, salinity of 71.43%, and increase percentage of DO level is 47.21% and has pH value at 7,58. In observation of the microorganisms analysis, REBWAR product is qualified and fulfills health requirement because there isn’t microorganisms residing on water content. This is due to the effectiveness of UV light rays are used to treat brackish water into drinking water.

Item Type: Thesis (Diploma)
Additional Information: RSK 628.162 Pra i
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adsorben, Aerasi, Filtrasi, REBWAR, Sinar UV, Adsorbent, Aeration, Filtration, REBWAR, UV Rays
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD433 Water treatment plants
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: ansi aflacha
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2019 08:45
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2019 08:45
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/72240

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