Rancang Bangun Data Logging Berbasis Web Server Pada Robot Balon Udara Untuk Deteksi Kebocoran Pipa Gas

Supeno, Bagus Aji (2016) Rancang Bangun Data Logging Berbasis Web Server Pada Robot Balon Udara Untuk Deteksi Kebocoran Pipa Gas. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

industri gas. Umumnya, saluran pipa gas digunakan untuk menyalurkan gas dengan jarak yang jauh terutama untuk gas alam. Deteksi kebocoran gas dan mekanisme identifikasi lokasi kebocoran gas secara realtime memiliki peranan penting dalam sistem managemen saluran pipa gas alam. Kelambatan sistem deteksi kebocoran gas dapat menyebabkan kerugian materi dan peralatan bahkan kerusakan pada lingkungan. Sistem deteksi kebocoran gas berdasarkan aliran gas hanya dapat mendeteksi kebocoran pipa gas tanpa mengetahui lokasi saluran pipa yang bocor. Sebuah balon udara dilengkapi navigasi GPS dan sensor gas dapat mendeteksi sumber kebocoran pada pipa gas dengan identifikasi lokasi berdasarkan GPS. Pada tugas akhir ini, sensor gas yang digunakan adalah sensor TGS 2611. Proses identifikasi lokasi kebocoran pipa gas menggunakan sensor GPS yang akan memberikan data lokasi dari balon udara ketika terjadi peningkatan konsentrasi gas. Data konsentrasi gas dan data lokasi dikirim ke ground station melalui gelombang radio menggunakan NRF24L01 untuk kemudian data diunggah ke database dan ditampilkan pada localhost. Jarak jangkauan maksimum balon udara dapat mendeteksi kebocoran pipa gas dengan sensor TGS 2611 adalah 15 cm. Dibutuhkan sebuah kipas penghisap pada kotak sensor untuk membantu sensor agar lebih fokus. Identifikasi lokasi sumber kebocoran gas menggunakan sensor GPS mempunyai rata-rata error sebesar 0.03% dan 7% dengan jarak maksimum pengiriman data melalui gelombang radio sejauh 100 meter ======================================================================================================================== The most important component in gas industry is gas pipeline, which is used for long distance transportation of natural gas. Realtime gas leakage detection and localization identification mechanism in natural gas pipeline are needed for management system and safety reason. Delay in gas leakage response leads to material losses and environmental damage. Gas leakage detection system using gas flow meter can only detect whether there is a gas leakage without knowing the location. An air balloon equipped GPS navigation system and gas sensor is able to detect and obtain the location of gas leakage. In this final project, a TGS 2611 gas sensor is used to detect natural gas leakeage. The air balloon will be able to map the gas leakage location. The process of identifying the location uses a GPS sensor that will provide location data from an air balloon when an increase in the concentration of gas occurs. Gas concentration data and location data is sent to the ground station via radio waves using NRF24L01. Then the obtained data are uploaded to the database and displayed on localhost within local network. Maximum distance range of air balloon that is able to detect a gas leak with TGS 2611 sensor is 15 cm. A suction fan on the sensor box is required to help the sensor to be more focused. The experimental result in identifying the location of the gas leak source using a GPS sensor resulted an average error of 0.03% and 7% for longitude and lattitude respectively. The maximum distance of data transmission through radio waves could be as far as 100 meters.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSE 681.2 Sup r
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kebocoran Gas, Sensor TGS 2611, GPS, Balon Udara
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ213 Automatic control.
Divisions: Faculty of Electrical Technology > Electrical Engineering > 20201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: ansi aflacha
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2020 04:30
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2020 04:30
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/72621

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