Re-Desain Alun-Alun Bojonegoro Sebagai Ruang Terbuka Publik Dengan Pendekatan Sustainable Urban Landscape

Utomo, Heru Prasetiyo (2015) Re-Desain Alun-Alun Bojonegoro Sebagai Ruang Terbuka Publik Dengan Pendekatan Sustainable Urban Landscape. Masters thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Alun-alun merupakan ruang terbuka dan bentuk urban landscape di pusat kota. Dengan keterbatasan elemen sumberdayanya, alun-alun memiliki peran yang penting sebagai penyedia ruang sosio-kultural, menjaga keseimbangan ekologis kota, serta mempengaruhi ekonomi di sekitarnya. Dalam kenyataannya tidak semua alun-alun dapat memerankan fungsinya dengan baik, salah satunya alunalun Bojonegoro. Disini alun-alun kehilangan fungsi sosial-kulturalnya sebagai ruang publik karena alun-alun jarang dikunjungi. Kegiatan ekonomi yang tidak terkontrol menyebabkan fungsi sosial, visual, dan aksesibilitas terganggu. Sementara itu kesetaraan aspek sosial, ekonomi, dan lingkungan menjadi penting dalam perencanaan menuju kota berkelanjutan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meredesain alun-alun Bojonegoro sebagai ruang terbuka publik yang aman dan nyaman serta berkelanjutan. Hal ini dilakukan dengan mengidentifikasi faktor fisik dan non-fisik alun-alun yang dilandasi teori ruang terbuka publik dan pendekatan sustainable urban landscape, yang meliputi aspek stewardship, connectivity, meaning, purpose,dan efficiency. Pengumpulan data primer dilakukan dengan cara observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi serta penggunaan dokumen sekunder. Teknik analisa yang digunakan adalah character appraisal untuk menilai faktor fisik terkait elemen fisik alun-alun dan cognitive spatial untuk menilai faktor non-fisik yang berkaitan dengan perilaku, persepsi dan kebutuhan pengguna. Kemudian dilakukan triangulasi dari semua hasil analisa yang telah disebutkan diatas untuk menghasilkan kriteria khusus perancangan. Hasil akhir yang diperoleh yaitu konsep dan desain skematik redesain alun-alun Bojonegoro untuk meningkatkan kualitas estetika dan menjaga keberlanjutan ruang terbuka kota. Pengembangan dari aspek stewardship, connectivity, meaning yakni meningkatkan sarana bermain, kemudahan aksesibilitas baik fisik dan visual, dan mewadahi kegiatan budaya. Dari aspek purpose yakni melindungi vegetasi, menciptakan koridor habitat dan pemanfaatan sumberdaya air dengan membentuk zona ekologi, serta memusatkan PKL dalam satu zona ekonomi. Sedangkan dari aspek efficiency yakni menggunakan peran serta stakeholder dalam pembiayaan alun-alun melalui desain elemen hardscape lansekap yang mencantumkan identitas korporasi donatur. ==================================================================================================== The urban square is an open space and one of the forms of urban landscape in the City center. With its limited resource element, the urban square has important roles to provide a socio-cultural space, to maintain the ecological balance of the city, as well as to influence the surrounding local economy. As matter of fact, not all urban squares played its function well, the urban square of Bojonegoro as case study. The Square had lost its social-cultural function as a public space because most people rarely went there. Uncontrolled economic activity also caused visual, social function and accessibility to be disturbed. While the equity of social, economic, and environmental aspect were important in order to achieve sustainable cities. This study aims to re-design the urban square of Bojonegoro as public open space that is safe, comfortable and sustainable. The study started by identifying the physical and non-physical factors based on the theory of public space and sustainable urban landscape, including aspects of stewardship, connectivity, meaning, purpose, and efficiency. Primary data were collected by observation, interview and documentation as well as the use of secondary data. Analysis techniques used are character appraisals to assess physical factors related to the physical element of the square; and cognitive spatial analysis to assess nonphysical factors related to the behavior, perceptions and needs of the user. The result of analysis are summarized in triangulation analysis to produce specific design criteria. The concept and schematic design of urban square of Bojonegoro aims to improve the aesthetic quality and safeguarde open spaces of the City. Aspects of stewardship, connectivity and meaning concern to improve play facilities, ease accessibility both physically and visually, and accommodate cultural activities. Aspect of purpose concern to protect vegetation, create habitat corridors, concentrate a groups of street vendors in a economic zone, and utilize water resources by establishing ecological zones. Meanwhile, the aspect of efficiency is considering the participation of stakeholders in the financing of the urban square through hardscape elements design that include the identity of certain corporate.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: RTA 711.4 Uto r
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alun-Alun, Ruang Terbuka Publik, Sustainable Urban Landscape, Faktor Fisik dan Non-Fisik
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > NA9053 City planning
Divisions: Faculty of Architecture, Design, and Planning > Architecture > 23101-(S2) Master Thesis
Depositing User: Yeni Anita Gonti
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2020 02:15
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2020 02:17
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/74796

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