Pengembangan Media Pembelajaran Kimia Berbasis Science, Technology, Engineering And Mathematics (Stem) Dengan Topik Sistem Pendeteksi Gas Karbon Monoksida

Ariesta, Nina (2015) Pengembangan Media Pembelajaran Kimia Berbasis Science, Technology, Engineering And Mathematics (Stem) Dengan Topik Sistem Pendeteksi Gas Karbon Monoksida. Masters thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Pada proses pembelajaran sains, khusunya kimia, diperlukan proses transfer pengetahuan ke dalam kehidupan nyata.Untuk menjembatani proses transfer pengetahuan tersebut, diperlukanlah suatu metode pembelajaran yang lebih interaktif, yaitu metode pembelajaran Problem Based Learning (PBL). Pemahaman konsep sains, yang berupa konsep matematika, teknologi dan eksperimen di laboratorium dapat diintegrasikan sehingga siswa akan menjadi lebih memahaminya dalam konteks yang menyeluruh. Salah satu pendekatan yang dapat mengintegrasikan bidang ilmu satu dengan bidang ilmu lainnya adalah pendekatan STEM. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan media pembelajaran berbasis STEM pada topik sistem pendeteksi gas karbon monoksida (CO) yang dilengkapi dengan scenario pembelajaran dan modul ajar. Penelitian dilakukan dengan merancang alat pendeteksi gas karbon monoksida yang selanjutnya dihubungkan dengan mikrokontroler, dan ditampilkan dengan program pada komputer/PC. Sensor gas yang digunakan yaitu modul sensor gas model MQ 7. Sensor dikalibrasi dengan menggunakan campuran gas karbon monoksida dan gas nitrogen pada komposisi 0,25%, 0,5%, 0,75% dan 1%, dengan pengulangan sebanyak tiga kali. Pembuatan modul disesuaikan dengan kurikulum 2013 dan pendekatan pembelajaran STEM. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa alat pendeteksi gas CO yang telah divalidasi oleh 2 dosen kimia dan 4 guru kimia SMA/SMK layak untuk digunakan sebagai media pembelajaran kimia terintegrasi berbasis STEM, dengan skor kelayakan sebesar 3,15 dan modul interaktif STEM sebesar 3,21. Uji coba lapangan dilakukan pada 37 siswa kelas eksperimen dan 37 siswa kelas kontrol di SMKN 5 Surabaya. Berdasarkan hasil uji coba lapangan, terdapat perbedaan hasil belajar yang signifikan baik pada aspek kognitif, afektif, dan psikomotor. ================================================================================================ In the learning process of science, especially chemistry, it is necessary to transfer the knowledge in the real life. For obtaining that, it requires the more interactive learning methods, Problem Based Learning (PBL) which is collaborated with scenario based learning. In accordance with the PBL learning model, learners need not only theoretical, but also real activity in the laboratory. The understanding of science concept, which are chemistry, biology, physics, mathematics, technology and laboratory experiment can be integrated, so that student can understand concepts in a holistic context. One approach that can integrate one concept with other disciplines is the STEM approach. This study aims to develop a STEM based learning media on the topic of gas detection systems of carbon monoxide (CO) equipped with instructional modules . The study was conducted by designing a carbon monoxide detector which is connected to the microcontroller, which will be displayed by the program on the computer / PC. Gas sensor used is module of MQ7 gas sensor. Furthermore, the sensor is calibrated using a gas mixture of carbon monoxide and nitrogen gas at a particular composition by repeating three times. Furthermore, the simulation experiments to detect carbon monoxide gas generated from the chemical reaction. Making modules will be baed on the curriculum in 2013 and STEM learning approach. The results of this research showed that CO detection system and STEM interactive module which was validated by 2 lecturers and 4 chemistry teachers was valid to be used as STEM chemistry learning media, with the validity score of CO detection system 3.15 and STEM interactive module 3.21. Field trial was done on 37 students of experimental group and 37 students of experimental group in State Vocational High School 5 Surabaya. Based on the result of field trial could be concluded that there was a significant difference in students learning outcome on cognitive, affective, and psychomotoric aspect between experimental and control group.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: RTKi 540.712 Ari p
Uncontrolled Keywords: gas karbon monoksida, media pembelajaran kimia, sistem pendeteksi gas, Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics (STEM).
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Mathematics and Science > Chemistry > 47101-(S2) Master Thesis
Depositing User: Yeni Anita Gonti
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2020 04:02
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2020 07:07
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/75154

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