Analisa Life Cycle Assessment Pada Proses Produksi Di UKM Murni Mandiri, Kecamatan Ngancar, Kabupaten Kediri

Zulfikar, Achmad (2016) Analisa Life Cycle Assessment Pada Proses Produksi Di UKM Murni Mandiri, Kecamatan Ngancar, Kabupaten Kediri. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Kondisi lingkungan yang semakin memburuk menyadarkan banyak pihak mengenai isu lingkungan. Di Indonesia sendiri sudah dilakukan pengembangan bisnis pada daerah berpotensi dengan mempertimbangkan konsep Green Industry. Salah satunya yaitu di Kecamatan Ngancar, Kabupaten Kediri yang mana memiliki potensi produk unggulan nanas. Salah satu UKM yang mengembangkan bisnis adalah UKM Murni Mandiri, yang mana memproduksi sari buah nanas. Proses produksi sari buah nanas tentunya menghasilkan limbah. Untuk mendukung konsep green industry. UKM perlu memperhatikan bagaimana proses produksi yang dilakukan memiliki dampak terhadap lingkungan. Namun, sampai saat ini UKM belum mengetahui bagaimana dampak yang ditimbulkan dari proses produksi yang dilakukan. Untuk mengetahui dampak yang ditimbulkan, digunakan metode Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). LCA digunakan untuk menilai siklus hidup dari suatu produk atau proses dengan melakukan input data material, energi, emisi, hingga output yang dihasilkan. Nantinya hasil LCA akan dibandingkan dengan skenario yang memungkinkan menjadi alternatif. Proses LCA dibantu menggunakan software SimaPro dengan pengolahan data menggunakan metode Eco-Indicator 99. Dari hasil pengolahan data, didapatkan besar single score total sebesar 1,14 Pt dengan pembagian damage category antara lain yaitu pada human health sebesar 0,222 Pt (20%), ecosystem quality sebesar 0,278 (24%), dan resources sebesar 0,636 Pt (56%). Berdasarkan hasil perbandingan tiga macam perbaikan kondisi produksi, didapatkan rekomendasi perbaikan untuk mengurangi dampak lingkungan yaitu pada skenario penggunaan biogas dan peningkatan kapasitas produksi dengan nilai single score 1,7131 dan memiliki nilai single score terendah dibandingkan dengan kedua skenario lainnya. ======================================================================================================= Worsened environmental conditions causing many people become more aware about environmental issue. In Indonesia itself has been done in the area of business development potential by considering Green Industry concept. One of them is in District Ngancar, Kediri, which has the potential for superior product pineapple. One SMEs develop business are SMEs Murni Mandiri, which produces pineapple juice. Pineapple fruit juice production process would produce waste. To support the concept of green Industry, SMEs need to consider how the production process has an impact on the environment. However, until now SMBs do not yet know how the impact of the production process. To determine the impact, we use Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) method. LCA is used to assess the life cycle of a product or process by doing data input materials, energy, emissions, and the output that is produced. Later the LCA results will be compared with the scenario that allows to be accepted as an alternative. The process of using the software SimaPro LCA assisted with data processing using the Eco-Indicator 99. From the data processing, obtained total singlet score of 1.14 Pt with the distribution of damage category, among others, on human health amounted to 0.222 Pt (20%), 0.278 (24%) on ecosystem quality , and 0.636 Pt (56%) amounted to resources. Based on the comparison of the three conditions of production, we Obtained improvement recommendations to reduce the environmental impacts si the biogas usage and increased production capacity skenario with a single score value of 1.7131. This scenario has the lowest single value compared with the other scenarios.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSI 658.5 Zul a 3100016067792
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dampak Lingkungan, Life Cycle Assessment, Produksi Sari Buah Nanas, SimaPro, Life Cycle Assessment, Production of Pineapple Juice, SimaPro, Environmental Impact
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS155 Production control. Production planning. Production management
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Industrial Engineering > 26201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: - Davi Wah
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2020 06:25
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2020 06:25
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/75190

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