Penentuan Letak Dan Kapasitas Optimal Bank Kapasitor Pada Jaring Transmisi 150 KV Sumatera Utara Menggunakan Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm

Shafira, Andita Noor (2016) Penentuan Letak Dan Kapasitas Optimal Bank Kapasitor Pada Jaring Transmisi 150 KV Sumatera Utara Menggunakan Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Listrik merupakan suatu kebutuhan mutlak yang harus dipenuhi untuk menjamin keberlangsungan hidup masyarakat masa kini. Kebutuhan ini terus meningkat seiring dengan pertumbuhan beban yang semakin bertambah dari tahun ke tahun. Pertumbuhan beban yang diikuti dengan peningkatan permintaan suplai daya reaktif akibat beban bersifat induktif meningkat menyebabkan perencanaan dan operasi dari sistem interkoneksi menjadi lebih kompleks sehingga kualitas sistem menjadi kurang dapat diandalkan. Aliran daya reaktif dapat menyebabkan drop tegangan dan kerugian daya dalam sistem transmisi. Untuk itu dilakukan penentuan letak dan kapasitas kapasitor shunt untuk mengurangi kerugian daya dengan menggunakan Newton-Raphson dan metode optimisasi Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm. Pada percobaan ini dilakukan pemasangan lima kapasitor dengan jumlah koloni sebesar 50 dan Max Cycle Number sebesar 150. Hasil simulasi menggunakan metode Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm menunjukkan bahwa pemasangan kapasitor pada Jaring Transmisi 150 kV Sumatera Utara dapat menurunkan kerugian daya aktif sebesar 8,37%. ===================================================================================================== Electricity is an absolute necessity that must be met to ensure the survival of communities. This necessity has improved along with the growth of load from year to year. The growth of load which followed by high reactive power demand due to high inductive load causes the planning and operation of the interconnection system becomes more complex so that the quality of the system becomes less reliable. Reactive power flow can cause a voltage drop and line losses in the transmission system. For that reason, the determination of the location and capacity of shunt capacitor is needed to reduce power losses using Newton-Raphson and Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm optimization method. In this experiment was installed five capacitors with 50 colony sizes and 150 of Max Cycle Number. Simulation results using Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm method showed that the installation of capacitors at 150 kV Sumatera Utara Transmission System can reduce 8,37 % active power losses.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSE 621.315 Sha p-1
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aliran Daya Reaktif, Kapasitor, Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm.
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK201 Electric Power Transmission
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Electrical Engineering > 20201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Yeni Anita Gonti
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2020 04:51
Last Modified: 07 Apr 2020 04:51
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/75710

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