Model Optimasi Sistem Distribusi Produk Kantong Dan Curah Di Industri Semen Untuk Meminimalkan Biaya Rantai Pasok

Nooranda, Muhammad Reza (2020) Model Optimasi Sistem Distribusi Produk Kantong Dan Curah Di Industri Semen Untuk Meminimalkan Biaya Rantai Pasok. Masters thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Kompleksitas distribusi produk akan semakin tinggi seiring dengan banyaknya jaringan distribusi pemasaran. Sistem distribusi yang tidak optimal akan menyebabkan biaya rantai pasok akan semakin tinggi. Beban biaya distribusi semen di lingkungan PT. X. mencapai hampir 14% dari Beban Pokok Perusahaan sehingga menjadi perhatian PT. X karena semen merupakan komoditi yang mempunyai margin kecil dengan volume yang besar. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membuat model optimasi distribusi di PT. X yang bergerak di bidang industri semen. Adapun batasan penelitian ini pada wilayah distribusi dan pemasaran produk semen kantong dan curah di Pulau Jawa dan Bali. Adapun moda transportasi untuk sistem distribusinya berupa moda kapal dan truk dengan mempertimbangkan faktor transhipment. Model optimasi sistem distribusi menggunakan metode linear programming. Harapan dari penelitian ini adalah menghasilkan biaya rantai pasok yang optimal dan memberikan beberapa rekomendasi perbaikan sistem distribusi pengiriman semen untuk wilayah pemasaran Pulau Jawa dan Bali. Hasil model optimasi sistem distribusi diharapkan dapat menjadi usulan bagi PT. X dalam melakukan pengalokasian distribusi semen yang optimal untuk meminimalkan biaya rantai pasok yang ada, mengoptimalkan utilisasi produksi fasilitas pasokan, dan mengurangi beban usaha perusahaan serta meningkatkan profitabilitas perusahaan. Adapun potensi pengurangan biaya rantai pasok optimal pada bulan Februari, Agustus, dan Oktober 2019 masing-masing sekitar Rp44,6 Miliar, Rp46,4 Miliar, dan Rp49,9 Miliar atau sekitar 5,2% dari biaya rantai pasok eksisting. ==================================================================================================== The complexity of product distribution will be even higher along with the increase in marketing distribution network. Inadequate distribution system will cause supply chain costs to be higher. The cost of cement distribution costs in the PT. X. accounted for nearly 14% of the Company's Principal Expenses, which became the concern of PT. X because cement is a commodity that has a small margin with a large volume. This study aims to create a distribution optimization model at PT. X which is engaged in the cement industry. Regarding the limitations of this study in the area of distribution and marketing of cement and bulk products in Java and Bali. As a mode of transportation for the distribution system is a mode of ships and trucks taking into account the transhipment factor. System optimization model. Using linear programming. The expectation of this research is to produce optimal supply chain costs and provide some improvement in the distribution system of cement delivery for the marketing areas of Java and Bali. The distribution system optimization model results are expected to be accessible for PT. X in allocating an optimal distribution of cement to increase the cost of existing supply chains, optimize the production utilization of supply facilities, and reduce the burden on the company and increase company profitability. As for the potential reduction in optimal supply chain costs in February, August and October 2019, each was around Rp.44.6 Billion, Rp.46.4 Billion, and Rp.49.9 Billion or around 5.2% of the existing supply chain costs.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sistem Distribusi, Industri Semen, Rantai Pasok Distribution System, Cement Industry, Supply Chain
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD38.5 Business logistics--Cost effectiveness. Supply chain management. ERP
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology and Systems Engineering (INDSYS) > Industrial Engineering > 26101-(S2) Master Thesis
Depositing User: Muhammad Reza Nooranda
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2020 11:51
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2020 11:51
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/79106

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