OPTIMASI PENGANGKUTAN SAMPAH OLEH DKRTH SURABAYA: PENYUSUNAN VEHICLE ROUTING PROBLEM UNTUK PENGANGKUTAN SAMPAH DAN KAJIAN PENGGANTIAN KENDARAAN

Fitriastutik, Eka Fitriastutik (2020) OPTIMASI PENGANGKUTAN SAMPAH OLEH DKRTH SURABAYA: PENYUSUNAN VEHICLE ROUTING PROBLEM UNTUK PENGANGKUTAN SAMPAH DAN KAJIAN PENGGANTIAN KENDARAAN. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Pengembangan sistem pengelolaan sampah kota yang efektif dan environmentally sustainable selalu menjadi tantangan bagi kota-kota di negara berkembang, termasuk bagi Kota Surabaya. Situasi ini diperburuk oleh tingginya angka sampah yang dihasilkan sebagai hasil meningkatnya angka urbanisasi, pertumbuhan penduduk, dan peningkatan ekonomi. Dalam proses pengelolaan sampah, proses pengumpulan dan pengangkutan sampah menghabiskan biaya mencapai 60-80% dari total biaya pengelolaan sampah. Mempertimbangkan peningkatan jumlah sampah 5 tahun mendatang, Pemerintah Kota Surabaya melalui DKRTH bermaksud untuk meningkatkan efisiensi pengangkutan sampah melalui peningkatan ritase kendaraan Compactor dan mengganti seluruh kendaraan Arm Roll yang saat ini telah melebihi usia operasional. Pada penelitian ini, estimasi peningkatan sampah dihitung dengan Seasonal ARIMA model. Selanjutnya masalah rute dimodelkan sebagai Waste Collection Vehicle Routing Problem yang melibatkan batasan multidepot, heteregeneous fleet, intermediate facility, multiple trips, dan split delivery. Algoritma Ant Colony Optimization diusulkan sebagai pendekatan pencarian solusi. Hasil yang diperoleh adalah untuk melayani demand pengangkutan sampah Tahun 2019 pada 119 LPS Compactor, diperlukan 29 unit Compactor 10 m3 back loading dan 5 unit Compactor 6 m3. Hasil ini memberikan penghematan biaya pengangkutan sampah mencapai Rp 4.8 Milyar dan kendaraan sisa berupa 15 unit Compactor 10 m3 back loading dan 5 unit Compactor 10 m3 side loading dapat dialokasikan untuk melayani pengangkutan sampah LPS Arm Roll. Selanjutnya berdasarkan pada implementasi rute baru dan hasil kajian penggantian kendaraan Arm Roll menjadi Compactor, untuk melayani LPS Arm Roll pada Tahun 2020 DKRTH perlu melakukan pengadaan kendaraan baru sebanyak 18 unit Compactor 10 m3 back loading dan 4 unit Compactor 6 m3. ====================================================================================================================== The development of an effective and environmentally sustainable municipal solid waste management system has always been a challenge for cities in developing countries, including for Surabaya City. This situation is exacerbated by the high rate of waste generation as a result of increased urbanization, population growth, and economic growth. In the process of waste management itself, the process of collection and transportation of municipal solid waste costs 60-80% of the total waste management costs. Therefore, by considering the increase of solid waste generation, Surabaya City Government through Surabaya City Council for Cleanliness and Green Open Space intends to improve the efficiency of waste transportation by increasing the Compactor Vehicle’s trips and replacing the Arm Roll vehicles which are currently over the operational age. This research used Seasonal ARIMA Model to estimated the increase of municipal solid waste generation. While the routing problem is modeled as Waste Collection Vehicle Routing Problem which involves several limitations such as multi-depot, heterogeneous fleets, intermediate facility, multiple trips, and split delivery. The Ant Colony Optimization algorithm is proposed to find optimal routes. The results obtained are to serve the demand of municipal solid waste transportation in 2019 at 119 LPS Compactors, 29 units of Compactor 10 m3 back loading, and 5 units of Compactor 6 m3 are needed. These results provide savings in transportation costs of Rp. 4.8 billion and the remaining vehicles consist of 15 units of Compactor 10 m3 back loading and 5 units of Compactor 10 m3 side loading can be allocated to serve the demand of LPS Arm Roll. Furthermore, based on the implementation of the new route and the results of the study of the replacement of Arm Roll vehicles into Compactors, to serve the LPS Arm Roll in 2020, Surabaya City Council for Cleanliness and Green Open Space needs to procure 18 new vehicles consist of 18 units Compactor 10 m3 back loading and 4 units Compactor 6m3.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pengangkutan Sampah Kota, Waste Collection Vehicle Routing Problem, Seasonal ARIMA, Ant Colony Optimization ========================================= Municipal Solid Waste Collection, Waste Collection Vehicle Routing Problem, Seasonal ARIMA, Ant Colony Optimization
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General) > T174 Technological forecasting
T Technology > T Technology (General) > T57.84 Heuristic algorithms.
T Technology > T Technology (General) > T58.8 Productivity. Efficiency
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology and Systems Engineering (INDSYS) > Industrial Engineering > 26201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: EKA EKA FITRIASTUTIK
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2020 05:53
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2020 05:53
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/79867

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