Analisis Hubungan Spasial Antara Keberadaan Pasar Modern (Minimarket, Supermarket, Dan Hypermarket) Dengan Toko Kelontong Di Surabaya Menggunakan Model Marked Poisson Point Process

Almas, Rifda Zukhrufi (2020) Analisis Hubungan Spasial Antara Keberadaan Pasar Modern (Minimarket, Supermarket, Dan Hypermarket) Dengan Toko Kelontong Di Surabaya Menggunakan Model Marked Poisson Point Process. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Perkembangan pasar modern yang cukup pesat di Surabaya perlu diiringi dengan upaya untuk melakukan pengendalian agar tidak mematikan pasar tradisional dan usaha kecil/toko kelontong. Penelitian ini membahas tentang hubungan antara keberadaan pasar modern khususnya minimarket, supermarket, dan hypermarket terhadap keberadaan dan omzet toko kelontong di Surabaya dengan pendekatan Marked Poisson Point Process. Penelitian ini menggunakan data titik koordinat yang diperoleh dari Google Maps, yang termasuk ke jenis data Spatial Point Pattern. Berdasarkan analisis yang telah dilakukan, diperoleh kesimpulan bahwa persebaran toko kelontong di Surabaya tidak merata. Secara visual, keberadaan pasar modern (minimarket, supermarket, dan hypermarket) mempengaruhi keberadaan toko kelontong. Data toko kelontong tidak dibangkitkan dari proses yang stasioner, sehingga pemodelan dilakukan dengan Inhomogeneous Poisson Point Process. Model menunjukkan bahwa jika densitas supermarket dan hypermarket tetap, tetapi densitas minimarket bertambah 1 minimarket/km2, maka akan menambah peluang keberadaan toko kelontong sebesar 1.5 kali. Pertambahan jumlah pasar modern baik minimarket, supermarket, dan hypermarket, tidak mematikan keberadaan toko kelontong disekitarnya dan memicu daya saing toko kelontong. ===================================================================== The rapid development of the modern market in Surabaya needs to be accompanied by controlling program so it does not kill traditional markets and small businesses/conventional stores. This study discusses the correlation between the existence of modern markets, especially minimarkets, supermarkets, and hypermarkets on the existence and turnover of conventional stores in Surabaya using the Marked Poisson Point Process approach. This study uses coordinate data obtained from Google Maps, which belongs to the Spatial Point Pattern data type. Based on the analysis conducted, it was concluded that the distribution of grocery stores in Surabaya was uneven. Visually, the existence of modern markets (minimarkets, supermarkets, and hypermarkets) affects the existence of grocery stores. The grocery store data is not generated from a stationary process, so modeling is done using the Inhomogeneous Poisson Point Process. 5. The model shows that if the supermarket and hypermarkets density is fixed, but the minimarket density increases by 1 minimarket/km2, then the probability of the existence of conventionalstores will increase is 1.5 times. Increasing the number of modern markets both minimarkets, supermarkets, and hypermarkets, does not kills the existence of conventional stores around it.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: conventional store, hypermarket, minimarket, point process, spatial point pattern, toko kelontong
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HA Statistics > HA30.6 Spatial analysis
Divisions: Faculty of Mathematics and Science > Statistics > 49201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Rifda Zukhrufi Almas
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2020 07:53
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2020 07:53
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/81932

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