Beneficiaries' Quality of Life Evaluation of the National Slum Upgrading Program Infrastructure Intervention (Case Study: Semanggi Area of Surakarta City)

Moninggar, Sekar Trisna (2023) Beneficiaries' Quality of Life Evaluation of the National Slum Upgrading Program Infrastructure Intervention (Case Study: Semanggi Area of Surakarta City). Other thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Sejalan dengan penataan kawasan dan pengurangan permukiman kumuh, Pemerintah Kota Surakarta telah menerapkan program penanganan permukiman kumuh di Kawasan Semanggi yaitu program Kota Tanpa Kumuh (KOTAKU) I National Slum Upgrading Program Nasional (NSUP). Berdasarkan Buku Best Practice KOTAKU di Kawasan Semanggi Kota Surakarta, intervensi infrastruktur yang telah diberikan di Kawasan Semanggi meliputi penyediaan jalur pejalan kaki, jalan paving, jalan beton, sumur bor dengan tandon air, akses air bersih (keran), treatment filtrasi, drainase, lPAL komunal, MCK komunal, ruang terbuka publik, rumah layak huni, dan gapura.
Namun penilaian NSUP setelah intervensi infrastruktur cenderung hanya menilai infrastruktur fisik saja tanpa memperhatikan apakah kualitas hidup masyarakat meningkat atau tidak setelah adanya intervensi infrastruktur tersebut. NSUP cenderung mengabaikan apakah peningkatan kualitas infrastruktur berdampak pada peningkatan kualitas hidup masyarakat atau tidak. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan penelitian yang mengidentifikasi domain kehidupan individu sebagai evaluasi kualitas hidup masyarakat penerima manfaat terhadap intervensi infrastruktur NSUP di Kawasan Semanggi Kota Surakarta. Penelitian ini akan berkontribusi dalam memberikan informasi dan masukan terkait evaluasi kualitas hidup masyarakat pasca intervensi infrastruktur NSUP kepada stakeholder terkait, khususnya kepada pihak NSUP. Selain itu, penelitian ini juga memberikan kontribusi keterbaruan dalam dunia penelitian yaitu evaluasi kualitas hidup masyarakat penerima manfaat dengan identifikasi domain kehidupan individu terhadap suatu program peningkatan infrastruktur.
Sasaran pertama dalam penelitian ini adalah menganalisis tingkat kepuasan masyarakat penerima manfaat terhadap intervensi infrastruktur NSUP yang menggunakan analisis skoring dengan skala likert. Sasaran kedua adalah menganalisis domain kehidupan individu yang terpengaruh karena intervensi infrastruktur NSUP dengan analisis pembobotan. Sasaran ketiga adalah menganalisis dampak dari adanya intervensi infrastruktur NSUP terhadap domain kehidupan individu (yang teridentifikasi pada sasasaran kedua) dengan menggunakan analisis konten sumatif.
Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah masyarakat penerima manfaat di Kawasan Semanggi "puas" dengan hampir seluruh intervensi infrastruktur yang diberikan karena memiliki persentase tertinggi dari tingkat kepuasan yang lain. Rumah layak huni memiliki tingkat kepuasan "very sangat puas" tertinggi dari intervensi infrastruktur yang lain yaitu 27%. Domain kehidupan individu dari masyarakat penerima manfaat secara keseluruhan yang paling banyak teperngaruh dengan adanya intervensi infrastruktur NSUP adalah perasaan positif. Sedangkan intervensi infrastruktur NSUP secara keselurahan yang paling banyak memunculkan atau mempengaruhi domain kehidupan individu dari masyarakat penerima manfaat adalah rumah layak huni. Setiap dampak terhadap domain kehidupan individu yang muncul akibat intervensi infrastruktur NSUP memiliki interpretasi masing-masing.
======================================================================================================================================= In line with regional planning and the reduction of slum settlements, Surakarta City Government has implemented the Kota Tanpa Kumuh (KOTAKU) / National Slum Upgrading Program (NSUP) in Semanggi Area. Based on the KOTAKU Best Practice Book in Semanggi Area of Surakarta City, the infrastructure interventions that have been provided in Semanggi Area include the provision of pedestrian ways, paving road, concrete road, deep well, cleaning water, filtration treatment, drainage, communal wastewater treatment plants, communal toilets, open public space, livable housing, and gateway.
However, NSUP assessment after infrastructure intervention tends to only assess physical infrastructure without paying attention to whether the community's quality of life has improved or not after the infrastructure intervention. NSUP tends to ignore whether improving the quality of infrastructure has an impact on improving the quality of life of the beneficiaries or not. Therefore, it is needed the research that identify the individual life domain as an evaluation of the quality of life of beneficiaries to NSUP infrastructure interventions in Semanggi Area of Surakarta City. This research will contribute to provide information and input related to evaluating the quality of life of the community after the NSUP infrastructure intervention to relevant stakeholders, especially to NSUP parties. In addition, this research also will contribute to research novelty, namely evaluating the beneficiaries' quality of life by identifying individual life domains for an infrastructure improvement program.
The first objective of this research is to analyze the satisfaction level of beneficiaries to NSUP infrastructure interventions through a scoring analysis with a Likert scale. The second objective is to analyze the individual life domains who are influenced due to NSUP infrastructure interventions through weighting analysis. The third objective is to analyze the impact of the NSUP infrastructure intervention on the domain of individual life (which is identified in the second tobjective) through summative content analysis.
The results of this research are that the beneficiaries in Semanggi Area are "satisfied" with almost all of the infrastructure interventions given because they have the highest percentage among other satisfaction levels. Liveable housing has the highest "very satisfied" level of satisfaction from other infrastructure interventions, at 27%. The overall individual life domain of the beneficiaries that is most influenced by the NSUP infrastructure intervention is positive feelings. While the overall NSUP infrastructure intervention that most often emerges or influences the individual life domains of beneficiaries is livable housing. Every impact on the individual life domain arising from NSUP infrastructure interventions has its interpretation.

Item Type: Thesis (Other)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kota Tanpa Kumuh (KOTAKU) / National Slum Upgrading Program (NSUP) infrastructure intervention, satisfaction level, the individual life domain, quality of life, intervensi infrastruktur Kota Tanpa Kumuh (KOTAKU) / National Slum Upgrading Program Nasional (NSUP), tingkat kepuasan, domain kehidupan individu, kualitas hidup.
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform > HN690.5 Slums
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning > Regional and Urban Planning > 35201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Sekar Trisna Moninggar
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2023 12:59
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2023 12:59
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/100346

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