ANALISA PENGARUH DOPING NITROGEN TERHADAP SIFAT KAPASITIF SUPERKAPASITOR BERBAHAN GRAPHENE

SAFITRI, DIAH AYU (2017) ANALISA PENGARUH DOPING NITROGEN TERHADAP SIFAT KAPASITIF SUPERKAPASITOR BERBAHAN GRAPHENE. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Kebutuhan manusia akan barang elektronik semakin meningkat, sehingga meningkat pula kebutuhan akan media penyimpan listrik. Salah satu media penyimpan energy yaitu kapasitor. Electric Double Layer Capacitor (EDLC) merupakan superkapasitor yang memiliki waktu hidup yang lebih lama, rapat daya dan kecepatan charging-discharging tinggi. Graphene telah banyak dieksplorasi sebagai material untuk EDLC, salah satunya yaitu dengan pendopingan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisa pengaruh doping nitrogen terhadap struktur dan morfologi serta pengaruh doping nitrogen terhadap sifat kapasitif dari elektroda superkapasitor berbahan Graphene. Sintesis graphene diawali dari grafit yang dioksidasi menjadi grafit oksida dengan metode Hummer. Grafit oksida lalu direduksi dengan metode hydrotermal menjadi graphene. Penelitian ini memvariasikan doping nitrogen dengan penambahan NH4OH 0.1 ml, 0.3 ml dan 1 ml. Material yang disintesis ini dikarakterisasi menggunakan XRD, SEM, EDS, Pengujian FPP, dan FTIR. Dari hasil karakterisasi menunjukkan bahwa material yang disintesis adalah graphene. Sifat kapasitif Elektroda diukur dengan melakukan uji Cyclic Voltametry (CV) dengan rentang scan rate 5, 10, 50 dan 100 mV/s. Dari hasil penelitian didapatkan doping nitrogen pada graphene yang paling optimal adalah dengan penambahan NH4OH 0.3 ml yaitu 5.2%at dengan nilai kapasitansi sebesar 208.47 F/g. ================================================================= The level of demand for energy is increasing so also increases the demand for electricity storage media. Lots of energy storage media that already exist which is capacitor. Electric Double Layer Capacitor (EDLC) is a supercapacitor that has a longer life, power density and high-speed charging-discharging. Graphene has been widely explored as a material for EDLC, one of which is with dopped. This study aimed to analyze the effect of nitrogen dopant on the structure and morphology as well as the nitrogen dopant influence on the capacitive properties of Graphene-based supercapacitor electrode. Synthesis of graphene begins by oxidized graphite into graphite oxide by Hummer methods. Graphite oxide then reduced by hydrotermal process into graphene. This study vary the dopant nitrogen with variations NH4OH 0.1 ml, 0.3 ml and 1 ml. These synthesized materials have been characterized by XRD, SEM, FTIR, EDS, FTIR, and Conductivity Testing. From the characterized results shows that synthesize material was graphene. The capacitive properties of electrodes are measured by Cyclic voltammetry (CV) test with a scan rate range of 5, 10, 50 and 100 mV / s. From the results, the most optimal addition of nitrogen dopt in Graphene was 5.12% at N with a capacitance value of 208.47 F / g.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Graphene, kapasitansi, superkapasitor, doping, nitrogen, capacitance, supercapacitors, dopant
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP255 Electrochemistry, Industrial.
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Material & Metallurgical Engineering > 28201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: - DIAH AYU SAFITRI
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2017 07:26
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2019 04:42
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/1921

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