Analisis Pendapatan Nasional Negara-Negara Asean Dengan Estimasi Simultan Spasial Menggunakan Generalized Method Of Moment

Risdiana, Faraniena Yunaeni (2017) Analisis Pendapatan Nasional Negara-Negara Asean Dengan Estimasi Simultan Spasial Menggunakan Generalized Method Of Moment. Masters thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Association South East Asia Nation (ASEAN) merupakan organisasi geopolitik dan ekonomi dari negara-negara di kawasan Asia Tenggara. Pertumbuhan ekonomi ASEAN memiliki kontribusi besar dalam perekonomian dunia. ASEAN terdiri dari beberapa negara maju dan negara berkembang. Kerja sama dalam bidang ekonomi salah satunya adalah ASEAN Economic Community (AEC). AEC saat ini sedang berlangsung, dimana perdagangan internasional antar negara ASEAN berlangsung secara bebas, hal ini diharapkan terbentuknya integrasi ekonomi yang akan mengantarkan ASEAN menjadi kawasan yang tumbuh tinggi sekaligus stabil. Tingkat pertumbuhan ekonomi dapat diukur dengan menggunakan Gross Domestic Product (GDP) yang dicapai suatu negara. Pertumbuhan ekonomi suatu negara dipengaruhi oleh Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). Keterkaitan hubungan antara pertumbuhan ekonomi dan investasi saling mempengaruhi satu yang lainnya. Kajian yang kompleks ini menggunakan model persamaan simultan spasial dengan Generalized Method of Moment (GMM) sehingga tidak hanya keterkaitan antara variabel yang tergambar dalam persamaan simultan, tetapi juga ada efek spasial yang menggambarkan pola interaksi variabel tersebut antar negara negara anggota ASEAN. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pemodelan pertumbuhan ekonomi dengan persamaan simultan SAR menggunakan GMM dengan bobot customized lebih baik karena bisa menangkap efek timbal balik antara Gross Domestic Product (GDP) dan Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). Selain itu keterkaitan antar lokasi (dependensi spasial lag bersifat positif dan signifikan pada variabel Gross Domestic Product). ================================================================================================================== Association of South East Asian Nation (ASEAN) is a geo-political organization and economy of the countries in Southeast Asia. ASEAN's economic growth has a major contribution in the world economy. ASEAN consists of some developed countries and developing countries. Cooperation in the economic field one of which is the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC). AEC is currently underway, in which international trade between ASEAN countries took place freely, it is expected the formation of economic integration that will lead ASEAN into high growth areas at once stable. The economic growth rate can be measured using Gross Domestic Product (GDP) reached a country. The economic growth of a country is influenced by the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). Inter-relationship between economic growth and investment influence each other. This complex study using spatial model of simultaneous equations with Generalized Method of Moment (GMM) so that not only the relationship between the variables depicted in simultaneous equations, but there is also a spatial effects of these variables describe the pattern of interaction between the member countries of ASEAN. These results indicate that the model of economic growth with SAR simultaneous equations using the GMM with customized weights better because it can capture the reciprocal effect between the Gross Domestic Product(GDP) and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). Other than that linkages between locations (spatial dependencies are positive and significant lag in variable Gross Domestic Product).

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Generalized Method of Moment, Pertumbuhan Ekonomi, Persamaan Simultan Spasial
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Divisions: Faculty of Mathematics and Science > Statistics > 49101-(S2) Master Thesis
Depositing User: FARANIENA YUNAENI RISDIANA
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2017 07:18
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2019 04:18
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/3554

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