Analisa Teknis Dan Ekonomis Penggunaan Solar Cell Pada Sistem Destilasi Untuk Supply Fresh Water Pada Kapal Perintis 2000 GT

Setiawan, Muhammad Sofyan (2017) Analisa Teknis Dan Ekonomis Penggunaan Solar Cell Pada Sistem Destilasi Untuk Supply Fresh Water Pada Kapal Perintis 2000 GT. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Kapal perintis bertujuan untuk effisiensi penumpang dan barang didaerah kepulauan kecil di Indonesia bagian timur, dengan jumlah ABK 36 orang, penumpang 499 orang pasti memerlukan kebutuhan air yang besar. Salah satu solusi untuk mendapatkan air bersih yang layak minum dikapal tersebut ialah dengan menggunakan alat destilasi. Daya yang akan digunakan untuk evaporator direncanakan berasal dari solar cell yang diisikan ke baterai. Sistem alat destilasi ini menggunakan sistem batch dimana air laut yang digunakan tidak kontinyu, melainkan satu kali proses. Evaporator memiliki diameter 1000 mm x 1700 mm dan kapasitas 1 kali evaporasi sebesar 315.45 kg. Luasan top deck kapal yang dapat dipasangi solar cell berdasarkan hasil boundary adalah 209.98 m2. Akan tetapi, solar cell yang dapat terpasang 70 unit dan dirangkai secara parallel. Nilai ekonomis pemanfaatan air laut menjadi air tawar yang diterapkan pada kapal perintis 2000 GT kurang menguntungkan karena biaya investasi awal Rp 401,625,000.00 tidak kembali selama penggunaan alat destilasi selama 10 tahun. Akan tetapi jika krisis air bersih yang sering terjadi misalnya di Ambon maka sistem ini akan membantu selama dikapal perintis. ========================================================================================================================Perintis vessel has a purpose for the efficiency of passengers and cargos in small islands in eastern Indonesia, with 36 crew members, 499 passengers in need of large water needs. One solution for obtaining clean drinkable water on the vessel is to use a distillation apparatus. The power to be used for the evaporator is planned to come from the solar cell that is loaded into the battery. This distillation device system uses a batch system where the sea water used is not continuous, but a one work process. The evaporator has a diameter of 1000 mm x 1700 mm and a one work evaporation capacity of 315.45 kg. The top deck area of the ship that can be fitted with solar cells based on boundary results is 209.98 m2. However, solar cells that can be installed is 70 units and assembled in parallel. The economical value of sea water utilization into fresh water applied to the 2000 GT pioneer vessel is less favorable because the initial investment cost of Rp 401,625,000.00 does not return during the use of distillation apparatus for 10 years. However, if the clean water crisis that often occurs for example in Ambon then this system will help during perintis vessel.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: distillation, evaporation, solar cell
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ164 Power plants--Design and construction
V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering > VM731 Marine Engines
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology (MARTECH) > Marine Engineering > 36202-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Muhammad Sofyan Setiawan
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2017 03:54
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2019 06:55
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/44782

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