Optimisasi Desain Pressure Swing Adsorption sebagai Carbon Capture pada Studi Kasus PLTU Paiton dan PLTG Muara Tawar

Gunawan, Kevin Sanjoyo (2017) Optimisasi Desain Pressure Swing Adsorption sebagai Carbon Capture pada Studi Kasus PLTU Paiton dan PLTG Muara Tawar. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Salah satu gas rumah kaca yang ditimbulkan akibat pembakaran adalah karbon dioksida. Emisi karbon dioksida terbesar salah satunya berasal dari proses pembakaran pada industri pembangkit listrik. Untuk mencegah pemanasan global lebih lanjut maka perlu dilakukan penelitian mengenai teknologi penangkapan karbon dioksida pada gas buang pembangkit listrik. Keuntungan yang didapatkan dalam penangkapan karbon dioksida selain dalam pengurangan emisi adalah keuntungan dari segi ekonomi. Karbon dioksida dapat dijual untuk memenuhi kebutuhan industri lain seperti industri makanan dan minuman, hingga industri minyak. Karena adanya keuntungan dalam pengurangan emisi gas rumah kaca hingga keuntungan dalam segi ekonomi, maka penangkapan karbon dioksida pada industri pembangkit listrik saat ini perlu dipertimbangkan. Pada penelitian ini dianalisa penangkapan karbon dioksida pada PLTU Paiton dan PLTG Muara Tawar dengan menggunakan strategi dekarbonisasi pasca-pembakaran pressure swing adsorption. Pressure swing adsorption merupakan teknologi pemisahan gas yang umum digunakan karena teknologi ini lebih murah dibanding teknologi pemisahan gas lain. Telah didapat desain pressure swing adsorption yang optimal terhadap penyerapan karbon dioksida dari segi ekonomi. Keuntungan terbesar didapat dengan menggunakan zeolite 13x pada kedua studi kasus. Pada desain pressure swing adsorption untuk studi kasus PLTG Muara Tawar didapat keuntungan sebesar 243,071,316 USD ketika menggunakan zeolite 13x dengan waktu adsorpsi 90 detik, tekanan adsorpsi 1.1 atm dan panjang serta diameter kolom berturut-turut adalah 2 dan 4 meter. Sedangkan pada desain pressure swing adsorption untuk studi kasus PLTU Paiton diperoleh keuntungan sebesar 356,627,026 USD pada penggunaan zeolite 13x dengan waktu adsorpsi 83 detik, tekanan adsorpsi 1 atm, dan panjang serta diameter kolom berturut-turut adalah 2 dan 4 meter. ========================================================== One of the greenhouse gases induced by combustion is carbon dioxide. The largest carbon dioxide emissions are from burning process in power generation. To prevent further global warming, research on carbon capture technology in power plant exhaust gases is needed. In addition to emissions reductions, the benefits gained in carbon dioxide capture are economic benefits. Carbon dioxide can be sold to meet the needs of other industries such as food and beverage industry, and oil industry. Due to the advantages of reducing greenhouse gas emissions to economic benefits, the capture of carbon dioxide in today's power generation industries needs to be considered. In this study, carbon capture in PLTU Paiton and PLTG Muara Tawar by using post-combustion strategy with pressure swing adsorption is analyzed. Pressure swing adsorption is a common used because this technology is cheaper than other gas separation technologies. An optimum pressure swing adsorption design has been obtained for carbon dioxide adsorption by using 13x zeolite in both case studies. In the design of pressure swing adsorption for PLTG Muara Tawar case study there was a profit of 243,071,316 USD when using 13x zeolite with 90 second adsorption time, the adsorption pressure of 1.1 atm and the length and diameter of columns were 2 and 4 meters respectively. While the design of pressure swing adsorption for PLTU Paiton case study was obtained 356,627,026 USD in 13x zeolite usage with adsorption time 83 seconds, adsorption pressure 1 atm, length and diameter of column respectively are 2 and 4 meters ================================================================== One of the greenhouse gases induced by combustion is carbon dioxide. The largest carbon dioxide emissions are from burning process in power generation. To prevent further global warming, research on carbon capture techn ology in power plant exhaust gases is needed. In addition to emissions reductions, the benefits gained in carbon dioxide capture are economic benefits. Carbon dioxide can be sold to meet the needs of other industries such as food and beverage industry, and oil industry. Due to the advantages of reducing greenhouse gas emissions to economic benefits, the capture of carbon dioxide in today's power generation industries needs to be considered. In this study , carbon capture in PLTU Paiton and PLTG Muara Tawar b y using post - comb ustion strategy with pressure swing adsorption is analyzed . Pressure swing adsorption is a common used because this technology is cheaper than other gas separation technologies. An optimum pressure swing adsorption design has bee n obtained for carbon dioxide ad sorption by using 13x zeolite in both case studies. In the design of pressure swing adsorption for PLTG Muara Tawar case study there was a profit of 243,071,316 US D when using 13x zeolite with 90 second adsorption time, the adsorption pressure of 1.1 atm and the length and diameter of columns were 2 and 4 meters respectively. While the design of pressure swing adsorption for PLTU Paiton case study was obtained 356,627,026 USD in 13x zeolite usage with adsorption time 83 seconds, adsorp tion pressure 1 atm, length and diameter of column respectively are 2 and 4 meters

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: carbon capture, dekarbonisasi pasca pembakaran, pressure swing adsorption
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Physics Engineering > 30201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Kevin Sanjoyo Gunawan
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2017 02:37
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2019 03:44
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/44980

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