Analisis Kebutuhan Moda Transportasi Massal Dalam Melayani Prediksi Penumpang Terminal 3 Bandara Internasional Juanda Dari Kota Surabaya

Yulianti, Istiqomah Yuni (2017) Analisis Kebutuhan Moda Transportasi Massal Dalam Melayani Prediksi Penumpang Terminal 3 Bandara Internasional Juanda Dari Kota Surabaya. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Kondisi Bandara Internasional Juanda saat ini telah kelebihan kapasitas (over capacity), pada tahun 2016 jumlah penumpang mencapai 19 juta orang, sedangkan daya tampungnya hanya 12,5 juta penumpang per tahun. Sehingga untuk mengurangi kepadatan penumpang di terminal 1 dan 2 direncakan pembangunan Terminal 3 yang dapat menampung 75 juta penumpang per tahun. Perencanaan pembangunan Terminal 3 Bandara Internasional Juanda perlu diiringi dengan pengembangan akses menuju bandara. Akses menuju Bandara Internasional Juanda tergantung pada perencanaan transportasi dan jaringan jalan di kota Surabaya. Sehingga dibutuhkan studi mengenai moda transportasi apa yang paling sesuai sebagai akses dari/ke bandara. Metodologi dan langkah – langkah yang dilakukan dalam pengerjaan studi ini antara lain identifikasi masalah, studi pustaka, pengumpulan data, dan mengolah data yang telah didapatkan. Tahap pertama adalah analisis karakteristik penumpang, menghitung jumlah penumpang pada saat peak hour berdasarkan IATA dan FAA, menganalisis Travel time dengan menggunakan hubungan antara derajat kejenuhan jalan dan kecepatan arus bebas, memodelkan pemilihan moda menggunakan model logit biner selisih dan yang terakhir menghitung operasional moda transportasi massal. Dari hasil analisis, karakteristik penumpang bandara internasional Juanda dominan melakukan perjalanan dengan maksud kerja. Penumpang berasal dari ekonomi menengah ke atas dan sangat memperhatikan kehandalan moda yang digunakan. Dari hasil peramalan jumlah penumpang menggunakan metode trend eksponential, 75 juta penumpang per tahun berada di tahun 2033. Jumlah penumpang pada saat peak hour adalah sebesar 6407 untuk keberangkatan dan 4929 untuk kedatangan. Hasil analisis Travel time penumpang menggunakan moda mobil pribadi dari kota Surabaya, didapat Travel time maksimum sebesar 131 menit. Dengan menggunakan model logit biner selisih, didapatkan moda transportasi yang memiliki proporsi penumpang terbanyak adalah kereta bandara transit dengan kapasitas 172 orang dan memiliki kecepatan 50 km/jam. ========================================================== Juanda International Airport is considered to face the condition of over capacity, based on the fact that in 2014, the number of passengers had reached 16.5 million people while it was only capable to accommodate 12.5 million passengers every year. In order to decrease the passenger density in Terminal 1 and Terminal 2, the project to build Terminal 3 is planned with expectations it will be able to accommodate 75 million passengers every year. Unfortunately, the plan to develop access to the airport is not considered to accompany the plan to build Terminal 3 of Juanda International Airport itself. Access to the Juanda International Airport depends on the transportation and road system planning in Surabaya. Therefore, a study to determine the most appropriate transportation modes as an access to/from the airport is highly needed. The methodology of this analysis study requires problem identification, literature study, data inventory, and data processing. The steps to implement this methodology is analyzing the characteristics of passengers, calculating the number of passengers during peak hour based on IATA and FAA, analyzing the traveling time using the correlation between the road’s degree of saturation and free-flow speed, modelling the modes alternatives using binomial logit model, and calculating the operational of mass transportation modes. Based on the analysis result, the passengers of Juanda International Airport dominantly travel with the intention to work. The passengers vary from the middle to the upper class and highly consider about the reliability of the transportation modes used. The number of passengers will be 75 million per year in 2033 based on the forecast result using the exponential trend method. The number of passengers during peak hour is 6407 people (departure) and 4929 people (arrival). The analysis also shows the result of maximum traveling time spent by the passengers who use private car as their transportation mode from Surabaya, which is 131 minutes. Then, binomial logit model is implemented to obtain the transportation modes that has the biggest proportion of passengers, which is the airport transit train with the capacity of 172 people and the speed of 50 km/hour.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSS 388.042 Yul a
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bandara Internasional Juanda, Akses, Kota Surabaya, Moda Transportasi Massal, Travel Time, Model Logit Biner Selisih, Access, Binomial Logit Model, Juanda International Airport, Mass Transportation Mode, Surabaya City
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications > HE311.I4 Urban transportation
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TE Highway engineering. Roads and pavements > TE7 Transportation--Planning
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning > Civil Engineering > 22201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: ISTIQOMAHYUNI YULIANTI
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2020 06:47
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2020 06:47
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/45123

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