Analisis Pengaruh Penambahan Limbah Botol Plastik Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) pada Campuran Lataston Lapis Pondasi (HRS-Base) Terhadap Parameter Marshall

Aisah, Farah (2018) Analisis Pengaruh Penambahan Limbah Botol Plastik Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) pada Campuran Lataston Lapis Pondasi (HRS-Base) Terhadap Parameter Marshall. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Indonesia menghasilkan sampah plastik ke laut mencapai 187,2 juta ton. Masalah ini mengantarkan Indonesia menjadi negara peringkat kedua dunia sebagai penghasil terbesar sampah plastik ke laut. Tujuan dari penelitian ini yakni mengetahui pengaruh penambahan limbah botol plastik pada campuran Lataston Lapis Pondasi agar dapat mengurangi limbah plastik dalam jumlah besar sertameminimalisir alokasi dana pada pembuatan jalan beraspal biasa. Dalam penelitian ini digunakan limbah plastik jenis Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) yang banyak sekali dijumpai di lingkungan sekitar. Lapisan aspal yang digunakan merupakan Lataston Lapis Pondasi (HRS-Base) yang biasa digunakan untuk tingkat lalu lintas sedang. Kadar limbah botol plastik yang digunakan yakni 0%; 2%; 4%; 6% dan 8% dari total berat aspal. Tahapan dalam penelitian ini meliputi uji fisik material, pengecekan spesifikasi HRS-Base yang mengacu pada spesifikasi umum PU Bina Marga Revisi 3, serta pengujian Marshall. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini merupakan metode basah, dimana PET dicampurkan kedalam aspal panas. Pembuatan dan pengujian benda uji dilakukan dalam 2 tahap, yakni pembuatan benda uji tanpa tambahan PET untuk mendapatkan Kadar Aspal Optimum (KAO) yang selanjutnya digunakan dalam campuran pembuatan benda uji dengan penambahan PET. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa nilai Kadar Aspal Optimum sebesar 7,30%. Dari pengujian Marshall yang telah dilakukan, didapatkan nilai stabilitas campuran aspal yang ditambahkan PET mengalami peningkatan yang signifikan dibandingkan campuran aspal normal. Nilai stabilitas meningkat hingga 85% yakni sebesar 2703,5 kg pada kadar PET 8%, sedangkan nilai stabilitas campuran aspal tanpa penambahan PET sebesar 1458,9 kg. Selain nilai stabilitas, penambahan PET pada campuran aspal membuat nilai VIM, VMA, dan Marshall Quotient meningkat, sedangkan nilai Density, VFA, dan flow menurun. Berdasarkan penelitian yang telah dilakukan, campuran aspal pada Lataston Lapis Pondasi (HRS-Base) yang memenuhi sebagian besar parameter Marshall berdasarkan spesifikasi Umum Bina Marga Revisi 3 Tahun 2010 merupakan campuran aspal dengan kadar aspal optimum 7,30% dan kadar PET sebesar 5% dari total berat aspal.Campuran aspal Lataston Lapis Pondasi (HRS-Base) dengan penambahan PET dapat mengurangi jumlah harga bahan sebesar Rp22.557 /m³ dibandingkan campuran aspal normal. Kata kunci : Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET), Lataston Lapis Pondasi, Parameter Marshall ========================================================================================================== Indonesia produces plastic waste to the sea reaching 187.2 million tons. This problem led Indonesia to become the second world ranking country as a producer of plastic waste to the sea. The purpose of this study is to provide information on the HRS-Base in order to reduce plastic waste in large quantities and minimize the allocation of fund in the manufacture of normal paved road. This research used plastic waste type Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) which easily found in the environment. The asphalt layer used is Hot Rolled Sheet-Base (HRS-Base) which is commonly used for medium traffic levels. The percentage of wasteplastic bottles used is 0%; 2%; 4%; 6% and 8% from total asphalt weight. The stepsin this research include physical material tests, checking HRS-Base specifications that refer to the general specifications of PU Bina Marga Revision 3, and Marshall testing. The method used in this research is wet method, where PET is mixed into hot asphalt. Preparation and testing of specimen shall be carried out in 2 stages, that is the manufacture of test specimens without additional PET to obtain optimum asphalt content (KAO) which is further used in the mixture of making the specimen by the addition of PET. The results of this study indicate that the value of Optimum Asphalt Content is 7.30%. From the Marshall test that has been done, the stability value of the asphalt mixture added by PET has increased significantly compared with the normal asphalt mixture. The stability value increased to 85% that is 2703.5 kg at 8% PET content, while the stability value of the asphalt mixture without the addition of PET was 1458.9 kg. In addition to the stability value, the addition of PET to the asphalt mixture makes the values of VIM, VMA, and Marshall Quotient increase, while Density, VFA, and flow values decrease. Based on the results of the research, the asphalt mixture of Hot Rolled Sheet-Base (HRS-Base) which satisfies most Marshall parameters based on General Specification of Bina Marga Revision 3 Year 2010 is an asphalt mixture with optimum asphalt content of 7,30% and PET content equal to 5% from total weight asphalt. Hot Rolled Sheet-Base (HRS-Base)mixture with PET addition can reduce material price amounting to Rp22,557/m³ compared with the normal asphalt mixture. Keyword : Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET), Hot Rolled Sheet, Marshall Parameters

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSIS 666.693 Ais a-1 3100018077567
Uncontrolled Keywords: Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET), Hot Rolled Sheet, Marshall Parameters, Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET), Lataston Lapis Pondasi, Parameter Marshall
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA443.A7 Asphalt
T Technology > TE Highway engineering. Roads and pavements
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning > Civil Engineering > 22301-(D4) Diploma 4
Depositing User: Farah Aisah
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2019 07:31
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2020 07:02
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/53936

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