Adaptasi Peningkatan Resiliensi Ekonomi Masyarakat Berdasarkan Pemanfaatan Livelihood Assets Di Kawasan Terdampak Kali Lamong Kabupaten Gresik

Madina, Amalia (2018) Adaptasi Peningkatan Resiliensi Ekonomi Masyarakat Berdasarkan Pemanfaatan Livelihood Assets Di Kawasan Terdampak Kali Lamong Kabupaten Gresik. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Setiap tahunnya, Kabupaten Gresik harus terdampak banjir kiriman dari Kali Lamong. Salah satu desa yang bersiko tinggi terdampak banjir adalah Desa Deliksumber, Kecamatan Benjeng. Resiko. Banjir ini sering merugikan kegiatan ekonomi pertanian masyarakat. Upaya untuk mengurangi kerugian ini dilakukan dengan meningkatkan kemampuan adaptasi mereka terhadap banjir melalui peningkatan resilensi petani berdasarkan pemanfaatan Livelihood Assets (Modal Nafkah) yang dimiliki. Modal nafkah terdiri dari modal alam, manusia, fisik, keuangan, dan sosial. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui arahan adaptasi ekonomi masyarakat yang sesuai sebagai upaya peningkatan resiliensi ekonomi masyarakat terhadap bencana banji. Metode pertama yang digunakan adalah metode Damage and Loss Assessment (DaLA) untuk mengidentifikasi angka kerugian ekonomi masyarakat. Selain itu, digunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan instrument kuesioner melalui analisa regresi linier berganda dan Chi-Square untuk menilai tingkat resiliensi ekonomi masyarakat berdasarkan pemanfaatan modal nafkah, serta pendakatan kualitatif melalui deep interview dengan content analyisis untuk mengetahui usulan arahan adaptasi berdasarkan pendapat pemerintah dan masayarakat. Diakhiri dengan metode triangulasi untuk merumuskan arahan adaptasi yang perlu diterapkan. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian petani mengalami kerugian tanaman dan peningkatan ongkos produksi, dimana pada tahun 2017 kerugian hasil panen dari komoditas padi di Desa Deliksumber sebesar Rp 32.340,75 /Kg dengan kerugian total ekonomi pertanian mencapai Rp 155.235.600. Selain itu, tingkat resiliensi petani dalam pemanfaatan modal nafkah 90% dinilai masih rendah, khususnya pada modal alam dan finansial. Salah satu upaya yang dapat dilakukan di Desa Deliksumber untuk meningkatkan resiliensi adalah mendirikan sekolah pertanian khusus petani Deliksumber yang dikelola dan disusun oleh masyarkat sendiri, mendapatkan bantuan modal bibit, pupuk dan alat pertanian, serta uapaya pengembangan UMKM ulat dan gorden yang merupakan khas Desa Deliksumber. ============================================================ ============================================================ Every year Gresik Regency must be affected by the flood from Kali Lamong. One of the high-risk villages affected by the flood is Deliksumber Village, Benjeng Sub-district. The risk of flood is often detrimental to the agricultural economic activities of the community. An effort to reduce the loss is made by improving their adaptation capacity to the flood through the improvement of farmers’ resilience based on the utilization of Livelihood Assets owned. The livelihood Assets consists of natural, human, physical, financial, and social assets. This study aims to determine the appropriate direction of community economic adaptation as an effort to increase the community economic resilience against flood disaster. The first method used is the Damage and Loss Assesment (DaLA) method to identify the economic loss of community. In addition, the quantitative approach with questionnaire is used by multiple linear regression and chi-square analysis to asses the level of the community economic resilience based on the utilization of livelihood assets as well as the qualitative approach through In-depth Interview with content analysis to find the proposal adaptation directive based on the government and community opinion. Ended with the triangulation method to formulate the adaptation directive that needs to be applied. Based on the result of the study, the farmers suffer the loss of plants and increasing the production cost, wherein 2017 the loss of crops from the rice commodity at Deliksumber Village amounted to IDR 32,340.75/kg with the total loss of agricultural economy reaches IDR 155,235,600. In addition, the level of farmers resilience in the utilization of livelihood assets of 90% is still considered low, especially on the natural and financial assets. One of the efforts that can be done at Deliksumber Village to increase the resilience is to establish a farming school specifically for the farmers of Deliksumber which is managed and prepared by the community themselves, obtaining seed capital, fertilizer, and farm equipment and the efforts to develop UMKM (Micro, Small and Medium-Scale Bussiness) of caterpillar and curtain which is the local resources of Deliksumber Villages.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Livelihood Assets, Farmer, Adaptation Capability, Resilience, Flood
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography > GB1399.9 Floods
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Architecture, Design, and Planning > Regional and Urban Planning > 35201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Amalia Madina
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2021 21:37
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2021 21:37
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/53959

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