Pengujian Sepeda Pasca Stroke Konsep Delta Untuk Rehabilitasi Penderita Stroke

Lutiawan, Teditya Nico Aji Sukma (2018) Pengujian Sepeda Pasca Stroke Konsep Delta Untuk Rehabilitasi Penderita Stroke. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Salah satu metode penyembuhan stroke selain dengan penggunaan obat-obatan medis adalah dengan metode terapi fisik yang bertujuan untuk mengembalikan fungsi koordinasi tubuh. Sepeda merupakan salah satu alat olahraga sekaligus sebagai moda transportasi yang ramah lingkungan, pada saat menggunakan sepeda seluruh anggota gerak tubuh melakukan pergerakan. Hal tersebut yang membuat sepeda menjadi alat olahraga yang sering digunakan untuk rehabilitasi pasien stroke. Tahun 2017 saudara Agus mulai mengembangkan sepeda roda 3 dengan konsep delta, yaitu 2 roda dibelakang dan 1 roda didepan. Untuk mengetahui performa dari sepeda tersebut maka dilakukan pengujian baik pengujian kekuatan rangka sepeda, kenyamanan sepeda hingga pengujian kebermanfaatan sepeda dalam rangka membantu terapi pasien pasca stroke. Untuk maksud tersebut diatas, maka disusun langkah-langkah penelitian seperti : Studi literature dan lapangan, menentukan kriteria sampel yang dipilih, pemilihan sampel, menyusun dokumen rekam medik, terapi kayuh, perhitungan dan pengolahan data hasil pengujian, analisa perkembangan responden dan kesehatan responden, kesimpulan dan saran. Kebermanfaatan sepeda pasca stroke untuk terapi pasien pasca stroke dilihat dari peningkatan kebugaran tubuh pasien pasca stroke setelah menjalani terapi menggunakan sepeda pasca stroke. Hasil yang didapat pada tugas akhir ini adalah prosedur penggunaan sepeda pasca stroke secara dinamis, yang meliputi langkah-langkah penggunaan, durasi terapi dan batasan dalam terapi kayuh menggunakan sepeda pasca stroke. Kondisi responden A stabil selama mengikuti terapi menggunakan sepeda pasca stroke, HRR meningkat 100% menjadi 4 beat per 2 menit, Kapasitas VO2 Maks meningkat 10,28 %, Jumlah Konsumsi energi meningkat 34,04 %. Kondisi responden B stabil selama mengikuti terapi menggunakan sepeda pasca stroke, HRR meningkat 100% menjadi 4 beat per 2 menit, Kapasitas VO2 Maks menurun 6,93 %, Jumlah Konsumsi energi meningkat 67,05 %. Kondisi responden C stabil selama mengikuti terapi menggunakan sepeda pasca stroke, HRR meningkat 100% menjadi 4 beat per 2 menit, Kapasitas VO2 Maks meningkat 4,88 %, Jumlah Konsumsi energi meningkat 42,27 %. Kondisi responden D stabil selama mengikuti terapi menggunakan sepeda pasca stroke, HRR meningkat 100% menjadi 4 beat per 2 menit, Kapasitas VO2 Maks menurun 2,38 %, Jumlah Konsumsi energi meningkat 56,82 %. Dari hasil uji 6 minute walking test, diketahui bahwa kelompok terapi menggunakan sepeda pasca stroke mengalami peningkatan kebugaran tubuh yang signifikan dibandingkan kelompok terapi tanpa menggunakan sepeda pasca stroke. ========================================================= There is a medical treatment for people who had stroke besides usage of drugs, that is using physical treatment for recovering body movement of a patient. Bike is one of the equipment for exercises and transportation, that is good for environment. For that reason, bike is usually used for rehabilitation for patient who had stroke. In 2017, Agus started developing delta concept tricycle, which is using 2 rear wheels and 1 front wheel, to find out the performance from the bike then it is done a experiment, experiment for the strength of framework, ergonomics of the bike until the usefulness for the patient. For that reason, then it is done steps for the experiment which consists of: literature and field studies, determine the criteria of the samples, election of the samples, arrange a bunch of medical records, a paddle therapy, tabulation of the results, analyzing development of patient’s health, conclusion and also recommendations for the next research. The usefulness of post-stroke bike for patient’s treatment can be observed from the improvement of patient’s health after they was given a treatment using post-stroke bike. The Results from this final project is procedure of post-stroke bike dynamically, which is consists of steps for using post-stroke bike, duration of treatment, and restriction of paddle treatment using post-stroke bike. Condition of A is stable while taking part of using post-stroke bike, the HRR is increasing 100%, 4 beats per 2 minutes, VO2 maximum capacity is also increasing 10,28%, usage of A’s energy is also increasing 34,04%. While condition of B is stable while taking part of using post-stroke bike, the HRR is increasing 100%, 4 beats per 2 minutes, VO2 maximum capacity is decreasing 6,93%, usage of B’s energy is also increasing 67,05%. Condition of C is stable while taking part of using post-stroke bike, the HRR is increasing 100%, 4 beats per 2 minutes, VO2 maximum capacity is increasing 4,88%, usage of C’s energy is also increasing 42,27%. Lastly, condition of D is stable while taking part of using post-stroke bike, the HRR is increasing 100%, 4 beats per 2 minutes, VO2 maximum capacity is decreasing 2,38%, usage of D’s energy is also increasing 56,82%.From the result of 6 minutes-walking test, is noted group that using post-stroke bike, their fitness is more increasing than group that isn’t using post-stroke bike for treatment.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sepeda; Terapi; Pascastroke; Prosedur; VO2 Maks
Subjects: T Technology > TE Highway engineering. Roads and pavements > TE7 Transportation--Planning
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ230 Machine design
T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS171 Product design
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Mechanical Engineering > 21201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Teditya Nico Aji Sukma Lutiawan
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2021 05:56
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2021 05:56
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/55038

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