Peningkatan Produktivitas Pertanian Padi Dan Mitigasi Emisi Gas Rumah Kaca Untuk Mewujudkan Smart Agriculture Dengan Menggunakan Pendekatan Sistem Dinamik

Wibowo, Trigati Widyandari Lestari (2018) Peningkatan Produktivitas Pertanian Padi Dan Mitigasi Emisi Gas Rumah Kaca Untuk Mewujudkan Smart Agriculture Dengan Menggunakan Pendekatan Sistem Dinamik. Masters thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Beras merupakan bahan makanan pokok sebagian besar penduduk Indonesia. Jumlah penduduk Indonesia pada tahun 2017 mencapai 262 juta jiwa dengan rata-rata konsumsi beras 114,6 kg/kapita/tahun. Kenaikan jumlah penduduk berdampak pada kebutuhan beras. Selama kurun waktu sepuluh tahun (2000-2009) laju kenaikan produktivitas rata-rata 1,2 persen (BPS, 2009) berada dibawah laju pertumbuhan penduduk rata-rata 1,4 persen per tahun. Jika Indonesia tidak ingin bergantung pada impor beras, maka produksi padi Indonesia harus terus ditingkatkan untuk mengimbangi pertumbuhan penduduk yang ada. Perubahan iklim merupakan salah satu ancaman terhadap sector pertanian karena dapat menyebabkan (a) kegagalan panen, penurunan produktivitas dan produksi; (b) kerusakan sumberdaya lahan pertanian; (c) peningkatan frekuensi, luas, dan bobot/intensitas kekeringan; (d) peningkatan kelembaban; dan (e) peningkatan intensitas gangguan organisme pengganggu tanaman (OPT). Sektor pertanian tidak hanya rentan terhadap dampak perubahan iklim, namun juga bertanggung jawab langsung terhadap 14% emisi gas rumah kaca global. Dalam penelitian ini, peningkatan produksi beras dimodelkan dengan menggunakan sistem dinamik untuk menganalisa kondisi saat ini dan mengevaluasi permasalahan yang ada serta memberikan alternatif skenario pemecahan masalah. Hasil simulasi skenario intensifikasi lahan, produksi padi meningkat rata-rata 0.35% per tahun. Rasio pemenuhan beras di Jawa Timur mencapai 2.85 di akhir periode tahun 2030. Hasil skenario peningkatan pendapatan petani dengan mengimplementasikan SA mencapai Rp. Rp. 6.016.020,-. Dan hasil skenario pengurangan emisi gas rumah kaca, pemberian pupuk N yang tepat serta pupuk organik sesuai kebutuhan unsur hara, dapat menurunkan emisi sebesar 30%. ========================================================================================================= Rice is a staple food for most of Indonesia's population. The total population of Indonesia in 2017 reached 262 million people with an average consumption of rice 114.6 kg / capita / year. The increase in population affected rice demand. Over a period of ten years (2000-2009) the rate of increase in productivity averaged 1.2 percent (BPS, 2009) was below the rate of population growth averaging 1.4 percent per year. If Indonesia does not want to rely on rice imports, then Indonesia's rice production should continue to be improved to keep pace with the growth of the population. Climate change is a threat to the agricultural sector because it can cause (a) crop failure, decreased productivity and production; (b) damage to agricultural land resources; (c) increase in frequency, area, and weight/intensity of drought; (d) increased moisture; and (e) increasing the intensity of plant pests disturbance (OPT). The agricultural sector is not only vulnerable to the impacts of climate change but also directly responsible for 14% of global greenhouse gas emissions. In this study, the increase in rice production is modeled using a systems dynamics to analyze current conditions and evaluate existing problems and provide alternative problem-solving scenarios. The simulation results of land intensification scenarios, rice production increased by an average of 0.35% per year. The fulfillment ratio of rice in East Java reached 2.85 at the end of the research period in 2030. The results of the scenario of increasing farmers' income by implementing SA reached Rp. Rp. 6.016.020, -. And the results of greenhouse gas emission reduction scenarios, appropriate N fertilizer, and organic fertilizer according to nutrient requirements, can reduce emissions by 30%.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: RTSI 628.53 Wib p-1 3100018078144
Uncontrolled Keywords: smart agriculture, systems dynamic, simulation, productivity, mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions.
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA614.8 Differentiable dynamical systems
T Technology > T Technology (General) > T58.62 Decision support systems
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD194.6 Environmental impact analysis
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD789 Refuse and refuse disposal
Divisions: Faculty of Information and Communication Technology > Information Systems > 59101-(S2) Master Thesis
Depositing User: Trigati Widyandari Lestari Wibowo
Date Deposited: 14 Oct 2020 06:01
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2020 06:01
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/55298

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