Penentuan Kebijakan Preventive Maintenance untuk Kendaraan Leasing dengan Mempertimbangkan Usage Rate

Kuncoro, Damar Aji (2018) Penentuan Kebijakan Preventive Maintenance untuk Kendaraan Leasing dengan Mempertimbangkan Usage Rate. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Pada leasing equipment, kegiatan maintenance dilakukan oleh pihak lessor untuk mencegah terjadinya kerusakan equipment yang akan mengganggu kegiatan lessee. Umumnya, penentuan kebijakan maintenance hanya mempertimbangkan usia equipment sehingga memungkinkan terjadi over-maintenance atau pun sering terjadi kerusakan. Oleh karena itu, pada penelitian ini penentuan kebijakan maintenance dilakukan dengan mempertimbangkan usage rate dari tiap equipment. Equipment yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah kendaraan niaga milik ASSA Rent yang digunakan oleh lessee. Untuk tiap lessee dihitung expected maintenance cost yang terdiri dari biaya preventive maintenance (PM) dan corrective maintennace (CM). Berdasarkan hasil perhitungan, jumlah PM yang menghasilkan expected maintenance cost terendah merupakan jumlah PM optimal. Jumlah PM yang dibutuhkan pada kendaraan pickup dengan kategori usage rate rendah, sedang dan tinggi adalah sebanyak 3, 4, dan 5. Pada kategori yang sama, kendaraan truk CDE membutuhkan PM sebanyak 3, 3 dan 5. Kendaraan truk CDD membutuhkan PM sebanyak 3, 3, dan 5. Sedangkan kendaraan HD pada kategori sedang dan tinggi membutuhkan PM sebanyak 4 dan 7. Kendaraan dengan usage rate tinggi membutuhkan lebih banyak PM untuk mencegah kerusakan yang sering terjadi. Sedangkan kendaraan dengan usage rate rendah membutuhkan lebih sedikit PM agar dapat meminimalkan maintenance cost. Perhitungan jumlah PM dan expected maintenance cost juga dapat digunakan sebagai referensi dalam menentukan nilai kontak leasing. ======================================================================================================== In the leasing equipment, maintenance activities are done by the lessor to prevent equipment damage that will interrupt lessee activities. Generally, the determination of maintenance policy just depends on age of the equipment, so it is posibble for the occurement of some problems like over-mainteance or periodic damages. So that, in this research, the determination of maintenance policy is done by considering the usage rate of each equipment. The equipments used in this research are pickup and truck that belong to ASSA Rent. The value of usage rates for each vehicle will be calculated in units of kilometer per year and then caategorized by lessee. Total maintenance cost that consist of preventive maintenance (PM) cost and corrective maintenace (CM) cost for each lessee will be calculated. Based of own result, number of PM that generate minimize total maintenance cost is an optimal PM. Number of PM that required by pickup with low, normal and high usage rate are 3, 4, and 5. Number of PM that required by CDE with low, normal and high usage rate are 3, 3, and 5. Number of PM that required by CDD with low, normal and high usage rate are 3, 3, and 5. Number of PM that required by HD with normal and high usage rate are 4, and 7. The higher the usage rate, the higher the number of PM too. Vehicles with high usage rate require more PM to prevent frequent damage. Beside of that, vehicles with lower usage rate require less PM so it can minimize maintenance costs. Number of PM and total maintenance cost can be used as a reference for determine contract value

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSl 620.004 52 Kun p-1 3100018078374
Uncontrolled Keywords: leasing, usage rate, preventive maintenance, expected breakdown, maintenance cost
Subjects: T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics > TL445.M369 Motorcycles--Electric equipment--Maintenance and repair.
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Industrial Engineering > 26201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Kuncoro Damar Aji
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2020 05:27
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2020 05:27
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/56227

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