Desain PlantWide Control pada Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Nuklir Tipe High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor

Lingga Putra, Ariel Faishal (2018) Desain PlantWide Control pada Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Nuklir Tipe High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Efek emisi gas rumah kaca yang dihasilkan oleh manusia telah menyebabkan semakin tingginya efek pemanasan global. Sektor energi memiliki peran yang sangat besar dalam hal ini, terutama sektor energi yang menggunakan bahan bakar hidrokarbon. Salah satu sumber energi yang ramah lingkungan yaitu melalui tenaga nuklir. Plant yang digunakan pada tugas akhir ini yaitu PLTN tipe High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor yang memanfaatkan energi yang dihasilkan oleh reaksi fisi Uranium untuk memanaskan gas Helium, gas Helium ini yang digunakan untuk memanaskan air menjadi uap bertekanan tinggi untuk memutar turbin. Tingginya resiko dari PLTN ini, adanya material serta energi recycle dan pertimbangan ekonomis untuk profit dari plant ini membutuhkan perancangan Economic PlantWide Control. Variabel yang sangat mempengaruhi sisi ekonomis plant yang perlu dikendalikan yaitu pada energi yang dibutuhkan pada reaktor yang dihasilkan melalui reaksi fisi Uranium dan laju aliran air umpan. Variabel yang berperan sebagai TroughPut Manipulator (TPM) yaitu set point daya. Dalam analisa PWC ini akan dibandingkan tiga mode kontrol yaitu Boiler Following Mode (BFM), Turbine Following Mode (TFM), dan Coordinate Control Mode (CCM). Hasil dari analisa PWC ini mode kontrol yang menghasilkan profit terbesar yaitu metode kontrol CCM dengan profit sebesar Rp 2.333.298,00 tiap jamnya, sedangkan strategi kontrol yang memiliki efisiensi energi terbesar yaitu strategi kontrol BFM dengan efisiensi 29,6 % ==================================================== The greenhouse effect produced by human has caused the increasing of global warming. Energy sector takes the biggest role, especially the energy sector that are using hydrocarbon fuel. One of the alternative in more environmentally friendly energy is nuclear energy. Plant that will be used in this final project is the High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor Nuclear Power Plant. This plant utilizes the energy produced from fission reaction to heat the Helium gas, the Helium gas then transfers its energy within the steam generator to the feed water and turns it into high energy steam that is used to rotate turbine to produce electricity. The Economic PlantWide Control is needed in designing the control strategy for this plant, because of a such high risk of this plant, the existence of energy and material balance, and economical consideration to maximize the profit of this plant. The economical variables that are needed to be controlled is the thermal energy delivered to the reactor from the uranium fission inside the reactor and the mass flow rate of the feed water. The variable that acts as the ThroughPut Manipulator (TPM) of this plant is the set point value of the Power. There are three control strategies that will be analyzed which are Boiler Following Mode (BFM), Turbine Following Mode (TFM), and Coordinate Control Mode (CCM). The best control mode which produced the most profit is the CCM, this control mode is able to produce profit of 2.333.298,00 IDR for each hour, while the BFM has the highest energy efficiency of 29,6 %.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Plantwide control, Nuclear Power Plant, Control Mode, High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (HTGR)
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK1322.6 Electric power-plants
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Physics Engineering > 30201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Ariel Faishal Lingga Putra
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2021 09:24
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2021 09:24
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/57337

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