Perancangan Desain Sistem Kontrol Suhu Bahan Bakar Jenis HFO pada Kapal berbasis PLC

Fachruddin, M Arif (2018) Perancangan Desain Sistem Kontrol Suhu Bahan Bakar Jenis HFO pada Kapal berbasis PLC. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

[img]
Preview
Text
04211440000096_Undergraduate Theses.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (3MB) | Preview

Abstract

Kapal merupakan alat transportasi yang banyak digunakan terumata pada wilayah yang memiliki perairan yang sangan luas. Bahan bakar merupakan salah satu komponen penting dalam operasional kapal. Biaya operasional kapal secara keseluruhan, kurang lebih 60% terdiri dari biaya bahan bakar. Tidak tersedianya bahan bakar mengakibatkan proses operasional kapal terhambat dan dapat merugikan perusahaan dari segi teknis maupun material. Sehingga sangat beresiko jika kebutuhan bahan bakar pada kapal tidak terpenuhi sesuai dengan waktunya.Tujuan utama dari otomatisasi sistem transfer dan kontrol suhu bahan bakar HFO (Heavy Fuel Oil) dikapal dengan menggunakan PLC adalah untuk mengubah operasi pengolahan dan kontrol dari sistem bahan bakar HFO yang semula dioperasikan secara manual oleh para kru diubah menjadi sistem yang mampu beroperasi secara otomatis. Sistem otomatis ini mengandalkan sensor batas atas dan sensor batas bawah serta sensor suhu pada setiap tangki untuk memicu kinerja dari masing-masing peralatan penunjang sistem bahan bakar seperti pompa, katup, pemanas. Sensor dan termometer pada tangki akan diolah oleh PLC sebelum dilakukan pengontrolan pada peralatan. Pengolahan dilakukan secara sekuensial disesuaikan dengan urutan pengolahan dari bahan bakar HFO. Pengolahan dilakukan berdasarkan data kapal yang sudah ada namun masih menggunakan kontrol secara manual. Serta rekomendasi dari biro klasifikasi dan produsen mesin. Proses kerja dari sistem dapat dimonitoring secara keseluruhan melalui HMI (Human Machine Interface). Monitor terdiri dari tampilan yang memuat seluruh kerja sistem yang ada. PLC yang digunakan adalah OMRON CPM2A dengan software CX-Programmer dan monitor CX-Designer. Dengan sistem ini, pengolahan HFO dapat dioperasikan secara otomatis baik pada saat kapal dalam keadaan idle maupun pada kondisi berlayar. =============================================================================================== The ship is a widely used to transportation, especially in areas that have very large waters. Fuel is one of the important component of ship operations. The overall operating cost of the vessel, appro ximately 60% consists of fuel costs. The unavailability of fuel causes the ship's operational processes to be inhibited and may adversely affect the company from both technical and material terms. So it is very risky if the fuel requirement on the ship is not fulfilled in accordance with the time.The main purpose of the automation of HFO (Heavy Fuel Oil) fuel transfer and temperature control system on the vessel using PLC is to change the processing and control operation of the HFO fuel system that was orig inally operated manually by the crew converted into a system capable of operating automatically. This automation system relies on high level sensors and low level sensors as well as temperature sensors in each tank to trigger the performance of each of the fuel system support equipment such as pumps, valves, heaters. The sensor and thermometer in the tank will be processed by the PLC prior to controlling the equipment. Processing is sequentially adjusted to the processing sequence of HFO fuel. Processing is done based on existing ship data but still using the control manually. As well as recommendations from the classification bureau and machine manufacturers. The work process of the system can be monitored as a whole through HMI (Human Machine Interface). T he monitor consists of a view that contains all the work of the existing system. The PLC used is OMRON CPM2A with CX - Programmer software and CX - Designer monitor. So by simply using a control device in the form of PLC, HFO processing can be operated automat ically both when the ship is idle or in sail condition.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: HFO, Sistem Bahan Bakar, Kapal, PLC, Otomasi, Kontrol.
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ213 Automatic control.
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ324.5 Fuel systems
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK2861 Electric relays
V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering > VM276.A1 Fuel (Including supplies, costs, etc.)
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology (MARTECH) > Marine Engineering > 36202-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: M. Arif Fachruddin
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2021 23:18
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2021 23:18
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/57567

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item