Rancang Bangun Alat Deteksi Kebocoran Pipa Distribusi Air Berbasis Sensor Tekanan Dan Mikrokontroler

Rijal, Rifan Syah (2018) Rancang Bangun Alat Deteksi Kebocoran Pipa Distribusi Air Berbasis Sensor Tekanan Dan Mikrokontroler. Diploma thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Distribusi air umumnya dipasang melalui pipa bawah tanah. Memantau jaringan pipa air bawah tanah lebih sulit daripada me-mantau jalur pipa air yang berada di atas tanah di ruang terbuka. Keadaan ini akan menyebabkan kerugian jika terjadi gangguan pada pipa seperti kebocoran. Kebocoran pada pipa bisa disebabkan oleh beberapa faktor, seperti pipa usia, instalasi yang tidak benar, dan bencana alam. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan solusi untuk mendeteksi dan untuk mengetahui area kerusakan bila terjadi kebocoran. De-teksi area bocor akan menggunakan mekanika fluida berdasarkan data yang diperoleh menggunakan sensor tekanan dan Arduino se-bagai mikrokontroler. Maka dari itu pada Tugas Akhir ini dibuatlah prototype alat deteksi kebocoran pipa. Kebocoran dapat diketahui dengan menggunanakan metode pengukuran tekanan air pada sensor tekanan. Metode ini menggunakan tiga sensor tekanan yang dipasang di beberapa titik sebelum dan sesudah kebocoran. Data yang didapat dari pembacaan sensor dikirim ke komputer menggunakan jaringan komunikasi Ethernet. Setelah dilakukan pengujian, hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa tekanan pada pipa menurun setelah terjadi kebocoran. Tekanan yang turun dapat diketahui melalui grafik yang ditampilkan pada LabVIEW dengan ketelitian sampai ±10% dari tekanan awal pipa sebelum terjadi kebocoran. Alat simulasi kebocoran ini tidak dapat menahan tekanan diatas ± 20 Psi. ============================================================================== Water distribution is generally installe d through unde r- ground pipes. Monitoring underground pipelines is more difficult than monitoring the above - ground water pipelines. This situation will cause losses if there is interruption in the pipeline such as lea k- age. Leaks in pipes can be caused by sev er al factors, such as age pipes, improper installation, and natural disasters. Therefore, a solution is needed to detect and to know the area of damage in case of leakage. Detection of leaking area will use fluid mechanics based on data obtained using pres sure sensors and Arduino as microco n- troller. In this Final Project was made prototype of pipe leak d e- tection tool. Leakage can be determined by using a comparison method of measuring the water pressure. Thi s method uses a 3 pressure sensors mounted at some point before and after the leak. Data obtained from sensor are sent to the computer using an Ethe r- net communication network and displayed on a PC with LabVIEW software. After testing, the results show that the pressure on the pipe decreases after a leak. The downward pressure can be determined through the graph shown in LabVIEW with accuracy up to ± 10 % of the water pressure at the start of the pipe prior to leakage . This leakage simulation tool can not restrain pressure above ± 20 Psi.

Item Type: Thesis (Diploma)
Additional Information: RSEO 629.89 Rij r
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sistem Distribusi Air, Sensor Tekanan, Mikrokontroler
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK5103.2 Wireless communication systems. Two way wireless communication
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK7871.674 Detectors. Sensors
Divisions: Faculty of Vocational > 36304-Automation Electronic Engineering
Depositing User: Rifan Syah Rijal
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2020 11:49
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2021 04:01
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/58981

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