Analisa Pengaruh Penambahan Limbah Serabut Kelapa Dan Limbah Cangkang Kerang Terhadap Sifat Fisis Dan Sifat Mekanik Material Komposit Pelapis Ubin

Wahyuningtyas, Rosa Romadhoni (2019) Analisa Pengaruh Penambahan Limbah Serabut Kelapa Dan Limbah Cangkang Kerang Terhadap Sifat Fisis Dan Sifat Mekanik Material Komposit Pelapis Ubin. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Penanganan limbah serabut kelapa yang kurang optimal dan timbunan cangkang kerang dara khususnya di Kabupaten Lamongan menganggu keindahan dan kenyamanan pengunjung maupun masyarakat di Kabupaten Lamongan Jawa Timur. Untuk itu penulis berinisiatif mengoptimalkan limbah-limbah tersebut khususnya di Kabupaten Lamongan. Pengujian fisis yang dilakukan adalah uji keofisien gesek dan water absorbsi. Sedangkan pengujian mekaniknya adalah uji bending dan uji impak. Standar acuan utama komposit ini adalah SNI 03-1331-2001 syarat mutu dari ubin mosaik. Hasil yang didapat dengan penambahan cangkang kerang nilai absorbabilitynya adalah 1,32% dan nilai koefisien geseknya adalah 0,44 sedangkan, nilai kuat lenturnya adalah ialah 20,95 Mpa dan energi impaknya adalah 0,556 J. Untuk penambahan 47,5% cangkang kerang dan 2,5 % serabut kelapa menaikkan nilai koefisien gesek dan water absorbabsi 0,46 dan 2,213% sedangkan nilai kuat lentur dan energi impaknya adalah 25,59 Mpa dan 0,84 J. Untuk penambahan 45,5% cangkang kerang dan 5 % serabut kelapa menaikkan nilai koefisien gesek dan water absorbtion 0,57 dan 2,72% sedangkan nilai kuat lentur dan energi impaknya adalah 22,5 Mpa dan 0,7583 J. Untuk aplikasi tile, hampir seluruh variasi komposisi material komposit epoksi,cangkang kerang, dan serabut kelapa memenuhi standar SNI-03-1331-2001, yaitu dalam sifat mekanik maupun fisis, dimana komposisi yang paling direkomendasikan ialah penggunaan filler campuran 47,5% cangkang kerang + 2,5% serabut kelapa. ================================================================================================ The less optimal handling of coconut fiber waste and the accumulation of blood clam shells, especially in Lamongan, disturbs the beauty and comfortable of visitors and the community in East Java, Lamongan Regency. For that the author took the initiative to optimize these wastes, especially in Lamongan Regency. Physical tests carried out are friction keofisien test and water absorption test. While the mechanical testing is a bending test and impact test. The main reference standard of this composite is SNI 03-1331-2001 quality requirements of mosaic tiles. The results obtained by adding shells to the absorbability value is 1.32% and the friction coefficient value is 0.44 while, the flexural strength value is 20.95 Mpa and the impact energy is 0.556 J. For the addition of 47.5% shells and 2 , 5% coconut fiber increases the coefficient of friction and water absorbability 0.46 and 2.213% while the value of flexural strength and impact energy is 25.59 Mpa and 0.84 J. For the addition of 45.5% shells and 5% coconut fibers increase the coefficient of friction and absorbance 0.57 and 2.72% while the flexural strength and impact energy are 22.5 Mpa and 0.7583 J. For tile applications, almost all variations in the composition of epoxy composite materials, shells, and coconut fibers meet the SNI-03-1331-2001 standard, which is in mechanical and physical properties, where the most recommended composition is the use of a mixture of 47.5% shells filler + 2.5% coconut fiber

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSMt 620.118 Wah a-1 2019
Uncontrolled Keywords: Limbah serabut kelapa, limbah cangkang kerang, Epoksi, Pelapis Ubin
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD9999.C715-.C7154 Composite materials
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA418.9 Composite materials. Laminated materials.
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology and Systems Engineering (INDSYS) > Material & Metallurgical Engineering > 28201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Rosa Romadhoni Wahyuningtyas
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2021 04:35
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2021 04:35
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/60285

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