Desain Kontrol Pembangkit Listrik Hibrid Tenaga Surya, Tenaga Angin Dan Baterai

Gusmao, Alfredo (2019) Desain Kontrol Pembangkit Listrik Hibrid Tenaga Surya, Tenaga Angin Dan Baterai. Masters thesis, Institut Technology Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Pembangkit listrik tenaga angin dan matahari memiliki permasalahan ketersediaan sumber matahari dan angin yang tidak stabil. Salah satu solusi untuk menyelesaikan ketersediaan daya maka pada penelitian ini dimodelkan desain pembangkit hibrid matahari, angin dan yang dilengkapi dengan baterai sebagai penyimpan energi pada saat daya berlebih dan ikut menyuplai energi yang tersimpan pada saat kekurangan daya. Ketersediaan besaran sizing peralatan pembangkit matahari, angin, maupun banyaknya baterai yang dibutuhkan untuk memenuhi kebutuhan daya maka digunakan metode algoritma PSO. Algoritma PSO digunakan untuk menganalisa kebutuhan peralatan dan Last SOC Value 31% serta biaya yang paling minimum.. Berdasarkan analisa menggunakan metode algoritma PSO tersebut dibutuhkan peralatan pembangkit matahari sebanyak 16 PV unit dengan kapasitas daya masing-masing PV sebesar 250 Wp, dan peralatan pembangkit turbin angin sebanyak 5 WTGS unit masing-masing turbin angin dengan kapasitas 0,5 kW, sementara kebutuhan baterai sebanyak 22 unit dengan spesifikasi 100 Ah dengan tegangan 48 Vdc. Maka tahapan selanjutnya adalah membangun topologi (konfigurasi) sistem pembangkit hibrid. Dimana baterai dilengkapi peralatan kontroller untuk proses charging maupun discharging, dan masing-masing pembangkit juga dilengkapi peralatan kontroller pengendali tegangan, dimana setiap keluaran dari kontroller yang digunakan terhubung secara paralel pada bus DC. Sementara beban terhubung dengan ballast load, dan balast load terhubung secara paralel dengan pembangkit serta batrai pada bus DC. Berdasarakan Simulasi pada PSIM memperlihatkan bahwa model system pembangkit hibrid hasil desain mampu menjaga kontinuitas daya listrik beban. Sementara biaya yang dibutuhkan untuk pembangkit tersebut berdasarkan algoritma PSO diperoleh dengan biaya minimum sebesar $67857. =============================================================================================== Wind and solar power plants have problems with the availability of solar sources and unstable winds. One solution to resolve the power availability is in this study, the design of solar, wind and hybrid power plants which are equipped with batteries as energy storage when excess power and also supply the stored energy when power shortages. The availability of the amount of sizing solar generator equipment, wind, and the amount of battery cells needed to meet power requirements. The PSO algorithm method is used in the study. The PSO algorithm is used to analyze equipment requirements and Last SOC Value and the minimum costs. Based on the analysis using the PSO algorithm method, solar generating equipment is needed as many as 16 PV units with a power capacity of each PV of 250 Wp, and wind turbine generator equipment of 5 WTGS units of each wind turbine with a capacity of 0,5 kW, while the battery needs as 22 units with 100 Ah specifications with the voltage of 48 Vdc. Then the next step is to build a hybrid generator system topology (configuration), where batteries are equipped with controller equipment for charging and discharging processes, and each generator is also equipped with voltage controller equipment, where each output from the controller used is connected in parallel to the DC bus. The load is connected to ballast load which is connected in parallel with the generator and battery on the DC bus. Based on the Simulation on the PSIM, the design model of the hybrid generator system is able to keep load requirements available. While the costs required for the plant based on the PSO algorithm are obtained with a minimum cost of $ 67857.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: RTE 621.313 Gus d-1 2019
Uncontrolled Keywords: Konfigurasi pembangkit hybrid, tenaga surya, turbin angin, baterai, Algoritma PSO
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK1087 Photovoltaic power generation
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK2960 Dye-sensitized solar cells. Solar batteries. Solar cells
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK7872 Electric current converters, Electric inverters.
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Electrical Engineering > 20101-(S2) Master Thesis
Depositing User: Gusmao Alfredo
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2021 05:33
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2021 05:33
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/60377

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