Analisa Penerapan Bentuk Lambung Axe-Bow Pada Self-Propelled Oil Barge (SPOB) Untuk Meningkatkan Performa Kapal Di Perairan Sungai Barito Banjarmasin

Saputro, Eko Pranoto (2019) Analisa Penerapan Bentuk Lambung Axe-Bow Pada Self-Propelled Oil Barge (SPOB) Untuk Meningkatkan Performa Kapal Di Perairan Sungai Barito Banjarmasin. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Dalam pengoperasian kapal Self-Propelled Oil Barge (SPOB) di sungai, perlu diperhatikan jarak yang tersisa antara badan kapal dengan dasar sungai. Karena berlayar di perairan dangkal, jarak yang terbentuk tidak terlalu besar terutama pada saat kapal bermuatan penuh. Penelitian ini akan menitik beratkan pada penerapan bentuk lambung kapal Self-Propelled Oil Barge (SPOB) dengan tipe Axe Bow yang berlayar di perairan sungai sehingga dapat meningkatkan performa kapal dengan cara menurunkan tahanan total kapal dengan bantuan program Maxsurf. Pada umumnya desain kapal mengunakan lambung jenis raked bow, sehingga diperlukan suatu analisa dan studi baru terhadap bentuk lambung ini, salah satunya dengan melakukan analisa teknis pengunaan bentuk lambung Axe Bow. Setelah dilakukan pemodelan dan analisa tahanan total pada program maxsurf desain lambung tipe Raked Bow dengan kecepatan dinas 10 knot mempunyai tahanan total sebesar 37.33 kN, kemudian dilakukan pemodelan dengan merubah bentuk lambung menjadi tipe Axe bow mempunyai tahanan total sebesar 34.56 kN. Dengan demikian penggunaan lambung kapal tipe Axe bow dapat mengurangi tahanan total sebesar 2.77 % dari desain lambung sebelumnya. Kemudian untuk mengetahui perbandingan tahanan total dari lambung tipe Axe bow dibuat 4 model dimana Axe Bow (Model 1) mempunyai tahanan total sebesar 34.56 kN, Axe Bow (Model 2) sebesar 32.52 kN, Axe Bow (Model 3) sebesar 30.80 kN, dan Axe Bow (Model 4) sebesar 28.39 kN. ================================================================================================ In the operation of Self-Propelled Oil Barge (SPOB) vessels in rivers, it is necessary to pay attention to the remaining distance between the ship's body and the riverbed. Because sailing in shallow water, the distance formed is not too large especially when the ship is fully loaded. This research will focus on the application of the Self-Propelled Oil Barge (SPOB) hull shape with the type Axe Bow that sails in river waters so as to improve ship performance by reducing the total resistance of the ship with the help of the Maxsurf program. In general, the design of the ship uses a type of raked bow, so that an analysis and new studies are needed for this hull shape, one of which is to carry out a technical analysis of the Axe Bow. After modeling and analyzing the total detainees on the maxsurf program, the Raked Bow type hull design with service speed of 10 knots has a total resistance of 37.33 kN, then modeling by changing the shape of the hull into an Axe bow type has a total resistance of 34.56 kN. Thus the use of Axe bow type hulls can reduce total resistance by 2.77% from the previous hull design. Then to determine the ratio of total resistance of Axe bow type hulls made 4 models where the Axe Bow (Model 1) has a total resistance of 34.56 kN, Axe Bow (Model 2) of 32.52 kN, Axe Bow (Model 3) of 30.80 kN, and Axe Bow (Model 4) of 28.39 kN.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSSP 623.812 Sap a-1 2019
Uncontrolled Keywords: Self-Propelled Oil Barge (SPOB), Axe Bow, Maxsurf
Subjects: V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering > VM163 Hulls (Naval architecture)
V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering > VM751 Resistance and propulsion of ships
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology (MARTECH) > Marine Engineering > 36202-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Eko Pranoto Saputro
Date Deposited: 30 Dec 2021 05:34
Last Modified: 30 Dec 2021 05:34
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/61806

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