Analisis Kerawanan Pangan Di Indonesia Dengan Pendekatan Structural Equation Modeling - Partial Least Square

Nikmah, Faiqotun (2015) Analisis Kerawanan Pangan Di Indonesia Dengan Pendekatan Structural Equation Modeling - Partial Least Square. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Di Indonesia, peningkatan ketahanan pangan merupakan salah satu program utama nasional sejak dua dasawarsa yang lalu sebagai wujud komitmen Indonesia yang telah menjadi salah satu penandatangan kesepakatan MDGs. Untuk menurunkan tingkat kerawanan pangan, perlu diidentifikasi faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhinya. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah memodelkan kerawanan pangan untuk Kabupaten rawan pangan di Indonesia dengan metode SEM – Partial Least Square. Unit penelitian terdiri dari 100 Kabupaten di Indonesia yang memiliki peringkat indeks ketahanan pangan komposit terendah dari hasil FSVA 2009, dan faktor ketersediaan, akses, dan penyerapan sebagai variabel laten eksogen, serta faktor kerawanan pangan sebagai laten endogen. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa 100 Kabupaten rawan pangan di Indonesia memiliki karakteristik yang heterogen ditinjau dari indikator-indikator kerawanan pangan. Nilai range indikator penyusun faktor akses dan penyerapan pangan yang hampir semuanya adalah lebih dari 50%, serta nilai standar deviasi indikator pengukur faktor ketersediaan pangan lebih besar dari mean data yang menggambarkan data memiliki keragaman tinggi. Berdasarkan model kerawanan pangan yang terbentuk melalui analisis SEM-PLS yang telah dilakukan, faktor ketersediaan, akses dan penyerapan pangan memiliki pengaruh positif terhadap kerawanan pangan suatu wilayah. Varians kerawanan pangan di Kabupaten rawan pangan Indonesia dapat dijelaskan oleh ketiga faktor secara bersama sebesar 59,3%. ======================================================================================================== In Indonesia, increase of food security is one of the major national program since two decades ago as a commitment of Indonesia, which has become one of the signatories of the MDGs agreement. But until now, Indonesia still faces many problems and challenges that must be wary to be able to achieve food security. To reduce the level of food insecurity, need to be identified the factors that influence it. The aim of this research is to modeling of food insecurity to food insecure district in Indonesia with SEM method - Partial Least Square. The unit consisted of one hundred districts in Indonesia which has a lowest rank of composite food security index in the FSVA 2009 results, and the availability, access, and absorption of food as exogenous latent variables, as well as food insecurity as a factor endogenous latent. The analysis showed that one hundred of food insecure district in Indonesia have heterogeneous characteristics in terms of indicators of food insecurity. Value range indicator constituent factor of access and absorption of food that almost all of them are more than 50%, as well as the standard deviation indicator measuring the availability of food is greater than the mean of data that describes the data has a high diversity. Based on the model of food insecurity that is formed through the SEM-PLS analysis has been done, the availability, access and absorption of food has a positive influence on the food insecurity of the region. Variance of food insecurity in the district of Indonesian food insecurity can be explained by three factors together amounted to 59.3%.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSSt 519.53 Nik a
Uncontrolled Keywords: Akses; Ketersediaan; Kerawanan; Penyerapan Pangan; SEM Partial Least Square
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA278.3 Structural equation modeling.
Divisions: Faculty of Mathematics and Science > Statistics > 49201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: - Taufiq Rahmanu
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2019 03:24
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2020 02:19
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/63154

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