Perencanaan Instalasi Pengolahan Air Limbah Di Rumah Susun Tanah Merah Surabaya

Wisesa, Daneswari Mahayu (2016) Perencanaan Instalasi Pengolahan Air Limbah Di Rumah Susun Tanah Merah Surabaya. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Kegiatan rumah tangga pada Rumah Susun Tanah Merah menghasilkan air limbah domestik yang terdiri dari greywater dan blackwater. Greywater pada Rumah Susun Tanah Merah langsung dibuang ke drainase tanpa melalui proses pengolahan. Sedangkan blackwater diolah pada Instalasi Pengolahan Air Limbah (IPAL) eksisting, namun efluen yang dihasilkan masih belum memenuhi baku mutu. Di sisi lain, warga Rumah Susun Tanah Merah mengalami kekurangan air untuk kegiatan seharihari. Instalasi Pengolahan Air Limbah dibutuhkan untuk mengolah air limbah domestik menjadi air olahan yang dapat dimanfaatkan kembali. Pada perencanaan ini dilakukan perhitungan air limbah domestik yang dihasilkan oleh penghuni Rumah Susun Tanah Merah. Selain itu dilakukan analisis karakteristik greywater dan blackwater. Debit dan karakteristik air limbah domestik tersebut menjadi acuan dalam perhitungan IPAL. Unit IPAL yang digunakan yaitu Grease Trap, Anaerobic Baffle Reactor (ABR) dan Aerobic Biofilter. Grease trap yang direncanakan memiliki efisiensi penyisihan minyak dan lemak mencapai 95%. Sedangkan anerobic baffle reactor dan aerobic biofilter memiliki efisiensi penyisihan BOD, COD, TSS berturut turut adalah 99,5%, 98,8%, dan 99%. Air hasil olahan ditampung pada bak penampung dan dapat dimanfaatkan kembali oleh penghuni Rumah Susun Tanah Merah untuk menyiram tanaman dan sebagai air penggelontor ============================================================= Household activities in Tanah Merah Flats produce domestic wastewater consist of greywater and blackwater. Greywater directly discharge into drainage without treatment processes. While blackwater processed at the existing wastewater treatment, but the effluent is still exceed the quality standards. On the other hand, residents of Tanah Merah Flats are experiencing a shortage of water daily activities. Wastewater treatment needed to treat domestic wastewater into treated water can be reused. In this planning, debit of domestic wastewater generated by residents of Tanah Merah Flats was calculated. Characteristics of greywater and blackwater also analyzed. Debit and characteristics of domestic wastewater has become reference in the calculation of wastewater treatment plant. Wastewater treatment units used are Grease Trap, Anaerobic Baffle Reactor (ABR) and Aerobic Biofilter. Grease trap planned has an efficiency of oil and grease removal up to 95%. While anaerobic baffle reactor and aerobic biofilter has an efficiency of BOD, COD, TSS removal respectively are 99,5%, 98,8%, and 99%. The treated water stores in a tank and can be used again for watering plants and flushing.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSL 628.3 Wis p-1
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aerob Biofilter, Anaerobic Baffle Reactor, Grease Trap
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD420 Water pollution
Divisions: Faculty of Civil, Environmental, and Geo Engineering > Environmental Engineering > 25201-(S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: EKO BUDI RAHARJO
Date Deposited: 14 Oct 2019 08:29
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2019 08:29
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/71166

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