Pemilihan Skenario Strategi Peningkatan Daya Saing Klaster Industri Perkapalan Surabaya (Kikas) Jawa Timur

Pratiwi, Atikah Aghdhi (2016) Pemilihan Skenario Strategi Peningkatan Daya Saing Klaster Industri Perkapalan Surabaya (Kikas) Jawa Timur. Masters thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Indonesia memiliki potensi sektor kemaritiman yang sangat besar dengan jumlah pulau terbanyak dan garis pantai terpanjang di dunia. Pemerintah mengupayakan percepatan pembangunan ekonomi nasional berbasis maritim (kelautan) dengan memanfaatkan sumber daya kelautan dan jasa maritim, yakni kemampuan industri maritim dan perkapalan. Namun, potensi pasar produk perkapalan yang besar belum mampu digarap dengan baik oleh industri perkapalan nasional, terutama Klaster Industri Perkapalan (KIKAS) Jawa Timur. Diperlukan upaya memperbaiki kondisi tersebut yang bersifat strategis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh skenario strategi untuk peningkatan daya saing KIKAS Jawa Timur dengan mempertimbangkan beberapa kondisi pembatas. Variabel penentu daya saing khas industri perkapalan yang menjadi fokus pembahasan terdiri dari production cost, innovative ability, ship delivery time, dan ship quality. Kompleksitas interaksi antar variabel dan perilaku sistem yang ada mendasari pemilihan metode sistem dinamik untuk mendapatkan skenario yang sesuai. Hasil simulasi 6 skenario diuji terhadap lima variabel amatan yaitu total profit, ROA, biaya produksi, asset, competitive advantage dan marketshare. Skenario yang dijalankan adalah (1) Peningkatan investasi fasilitas produksi (2) peningkatan investasi R&D (3) pembebasan pajak impor komponen; (4) pembebasan PPN Komponen; (5) Engineering Design support; dan (6) peningkatan investment support. Keenam skenario memberikan hasil yang berbeda pada hasil variabel amatan yang digunakan. Hasil yang didapat dari simulasi memberikan hasil yang trade-off jika dilakukan untuk akomodasi seluruh variabel secara simultan. ======================================================== Indonesia is one of the biggest maritime Country in the world that has huge potential maritime sector. Indonesia’s Government is seeking an acceleration of National economic development based on maritime (marine) sector. The acceleration is using one of marine resources and maritime services, such as the ability of shipbuilding and maritime industry. However, potential market for shipbuilding product has not been able dealt properly by National shipbuilding industry, especially Surabaya, East Java’s shipbuilding industrial cluster (KIKAS). Strategic effort is needed to improve this current condition. This study aim to obtain strategic scenario for improving the competitiveness of KIKAS by considering some limitation. The main variables of competitive advantages are production cost, innovative ability, ship delivery time and ship quality. The complexity of interactions between variables and behavior of existing systems underlying the selection of system dynamics method to get the appropriate scenario. The result of the simulation of 6 scenarios are tested against 5 variables ; total profit, ROA, Cost of goods sold, assets, competitive advantage and marketshare. The scenarios are (1) Increase of investment in production facilities; (2) Increase of investment on R&D; (3) Tax exemption of imported components; (4) Exemption of Component’s tax; (5) Engineering design support; and (6) Increase in investment support. The six scenarios provide different results of variables used. The simulation’s result provide trade-off results if it is done to accommodate all of the variables simultaneously.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: RTI 338.7 Pra p-1
Uncontrolled Keywords: Klaster Industri Perkapalan, Daya Saing Industri, Sistem Dinamik
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Industrial Engineering > 26101-(S2) Master Thesis
Depositing User: EKO BUDI RAHARJO
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2019 03:35
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2019 03:35
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/71182

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