Desain Dan Pemodelan Sistem Propulsi Dan Stand Alone Sistem Kontrol Propulsi Kapal

Dwikade, M. Dakka Krisma (2014) Desain Dan Pemodelan Sistem Propulsi Dan Stand Alone Sistem Kontrol Propulsi Kapal. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Mayoritas beberapa jenis kapal yang kita miliki merupakan hasil pembelian dari pihak luar negeri. Guna mengurangi ketergantungan produk dari pihak luar negeri serta menunjang kemandirian industri teknologi dibidang perkapalan, maka penelitian perlu dilakukan guna menunjang dan mewujudkan hal tersebut. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada sistem penggerak yang merupakan bagian dari platform kapal dengan cakupan desain dan pemodelan sistem propulsi dan stand alone sistem kontrol propulsi kapal. Penelitian pertama dimulai dari desain sistem propulsi kapal berupa permilihan spesifikasi prime mover, sistem transmisi dan propeller berdasarkan data spesifikasi kapal yang ditentukan serta analisa karakteristik kapal. Kedua adalah desain dan pemodelan stand alone sistem kontrol propulsi kapal berupa kontrol kecepatan propeller, kontrol pitch propeller, dan platform kapal dengan masukan pitch propeller dan kecepatan propeller dengan keluaran kecepatan kapal yang menghasilkan persamaan matematis, pemodelan dengan kontroler PID, simulasi pada matlab, dan analisa kestabilan dengan root locus. Dari penelitian yang dilakukan didapatkan desain sistem propulsi berupa mesin diesel sebagai prime mover dengan spesifikasi daya 2x23850 kW dan controllable pitch propeller sebagai propeller dengan type screw series B5-60 dengan diameter 3,752 m serta kondisi operasional pitch propeller 0,975 dan kecepatan propeller 4,8. Sedangkan desain sistem kontrol propulsi didapatkan pemodelan sistem dan simulasi dengan nilai settling time yang memenuhi kriteria desain kecepatan propeller dan pitch propeller kurang dari 23 s yaitu sebesar 19 s untuk kontrol kecepatan propeller dan stabil dengan nilai kestabilan K<0,69 dan 2,09 s untuk kontrol pitch propeller dan stabil dengan nilai kestabilan K<169 serta kecepatan kapal 30 knots dengan settling time 30,61 s. ======================================================================================================================== Currently, most of the ships we have are purchashing from foreign parties. In order to reduce dependence technology and to support independence of shipbuilding industry then research have to be done to support and realize it. The first step is design deals with propulsion system that are part of the ship platform with scope design and modeling propulsion system and stand alone propulsion control system First, research started from design of propulsion system those are determination of prime mover, transmission, and propeller spesifications. Then the second is design and modeling stand alone control of propulsion system those are control of propeller speed, pitch propeller, and platform ship. Pitch propeller and propeller speed as a input and ship speed as a output. This control design produce mathematic equations, model with PID controller, MatLab simulation, and stability analisys.The results from this research are design of propulsion system like diesel engine as prime mover with power spesification is 2x23850 kW and controllable pitch propeller as propeller with spesifications are B screw series B5-60, diameter 3,752 and pitch propeller in operational condition 0,975 and propeller operational condition 4,8 m/s. While design propulsion control system obtained modeling and simulation with value of settling time statisfies the criteria design of pitch propeller and propeller speed is less than 23 s, 19 for propeller speed control and stable with stability value K<0,69, 2,09 s for pitch propeller control and stable with stability value K<169 and ship speed 30 knots with settling time 30,61 s.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSM 623.873 Dwi d
Subjects: V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering > VM773 Ship propulsion, Electric
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: ansi aflacha
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2019 08:05
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2019 08:05
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/71794

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