Univershelter Modul Penampungan Pengungsi Adaptif Berkonsep Metabolis

Irwan, Muchammad (2016) Univershelter Modul Penampungan Pengungsi Adaptif Berkonsep Metabolis. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Technology Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Saat ini, sekitar 60 juta jiwa meninggalkan rumah mereka untuk mencari perlindungan ke negara lain. Jumlah yang sangat besar, tak heran banyak negara penampung yang merasa keberatan menerima mereka karena dianggap merepotkan dan membebani keuangan negara. Namun status mereka dilindungi oleh PBB melalui UNHCR. Banyak negara penampung pengungsi terutama di Asia dan Afrika yang tidak sanggup memberikan fasilitas penampungan yang baik dan layak bagi pengungsi. Biaya konstruksi bangunan yang mahal, lahan yang terbatas dan sulit dijangkau, serta jumlah pengungsi yang sangat banyak membuat negara penampung dan UNHCR sulit memfasilitasi kehidupan yang layak bagi mereka. Berbagai permasalah tadi dapat dikaitkan dengan arsitektur. Bagaimana arsitektur dapat memberikan kehidupan yang lebih baik bagi para pengungsi dengan rancangan shelter yang murah, mudah dibangun, dan mudah didistribusikan sehingga dapat memfasilitasi lebih banyak pengungsi. Konsep metabolism architecture dipakai dalam rancangan ini agar rancangan ini fleksibel terhadap jumlah pengungsi yang tidak bisa diprediksi. Rancangan ini diharapkan dapat berkembang atau menyusut sesuai jumlah pengungsi. Selain itu, keberlangsungan dari bangunan ini juga menjadi perhatian penulis. Penampungan pengungsi sifatnya temporer, oleh karena itu, bangunan ini didesain semi-permanen agar pasca digunakan bangunan ini dapat dimanfaatkan untuk hal lain atau dibongkar sehingga lahan dapat dikosongkan kembali. ========================================================================================================= Currently, approximately 60 million people left their homes to seek refuge in other countries. It is a very large number, no wonder many host countries objected to accept them because they are would likely to become a financial burden to the state. But their status is protected by the United Nations through the UNHCR statute. Many host countries of refugees, especially in Asia and Africa are not able to provide good facilities and decent shelter for refugees. Construction costs are expensive, limited provided land that usually placed in rural area outside the city, as well as the huge number of refugees who are making host countries and UNHCR struggling to facilitate a decent life for them. Various problems earlier can be attributed to the architecture. How architecture can provide a better life for refugees with shelter designs that are cheap, easy to build, and easily distributed so as to facilitate more refugees. The concept of the metabolic architecture are used in this design so that the design can be flexible on the number of refugees who can not be predicted. The draft is expected to grow or shrink according to the number of refugees. In addition, the sustainability of the building is also a concern to the author. Refugee camps are temporary, therefore, the building is designed to be semi-permanent so the post-use buildings could be utilized for other things or dismantled so that the land can be clean as before.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSA 728.314 Irw u
Uncontrolled Keywords: pengungsi, UNHCR , penampungan pengungsi, metabolism architecture, open building, semi permanen
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > NA7115 Domestic architecture. Houses. Dwellings
Divisions: Faculty of Civil, Planning, and Geo Engineering (CIVPLAN) > Architecture > 23201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Mr. Tondo Indra Nyata
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2020 01:15
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2020 01:15
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/75028

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