Implementasi Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Dan Analytical Network Process (ANP) Untuk Manajemen Lingkungan Pada Pt. Charoen Pokphand - Krian

Effendi, Achmad (2016) Implementasi Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Dan Analytical Network Process (ANP) Untuk Manajemen Lingkungan Pada Pt. Charoen Pokphand - Krian. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Kebutuhan pakan ternak di Indonesia mulai tahun 2005 terus mengalami peningkatan. Hal ini akan memicu persaingan untuk menghasilkan proses produksi yang berkapasitas tinggi namun juga memiliki potensi dampak pencemaran lingkungan. PT. Charoen Pokphand Indonesia-Krian merupakan perusahaan yang bergerak dibidang pengolahan pakan ternak yang memiliki kapasitas produksi 1 juta ton per tahun. Semakin besar kapasitas produksi maka limbah yang dihasilkan juga akan semakin besar. Dalam upaya mengurangi dampak lingkungan, pada penelitian ini diusulkan metode Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) dan Analytical Network Process (ANP) untuk manajemen lingkungan. LCA digunakan untuk menilai siklus hidup proses produksi (crandle to gate) dari suatu produk. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan pendekatan ANP untuk memprioritaskan alternatif solusi terbaik dengan mempertimbangkan serangkaian kriteria seperti peraturan pemerintah, konsekuensi organisasi, biaya, keandalan teknologi, kemampuan sumber daya manusia dan kemudahan memperoleh raw material. Nilai yang dihasilkan dari LCA pada proses produksi pakan ternak ayam broiler di PT. Charoen Pokphand Indonesia-Krian yaitu dampak terhadap kualitas ekosistem sebesar 5570 Pt, dampak terhadap kesehatan manusia sebesar 1210 Pt dan dampak terhadap sumber daya sebesar 1150 Pt. Pemilihan alternatif solusi dibantu dengan metode ANP menghasilkan prioritas alternatif penggunaan teknologi reverse osmosis dengan bobot 0.3957, penggantian bahan baku soy bean dengan bobot 0.3239 dan kolaborasi bahan bakar batu bara cangkang kerang dengan bobot 0.2803. ==================================================================================================== The Fodder needs in Indonesia continue to increase since 2005. This increase not only triggers the competition among companies to own high capacity of production process but also the side effect of environmental pollution. PT. Charoen Pokphand Indonesia-Krian is a company that focus on fodder processing. This company has one million ton capacity per year. The higher the production capacity, the higher pollution will be resulted. In order to decrease the environmental effect, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Analytical Network Process (ANP) method are used in this research for environmental management. LCA is used to identify the production process lifecycle from certain product. In this research, ANP approach is used to prioritize the best alternative solution with considering some criteria like government regulations, organization consequences, cost, technology reliability, human resource capacity, and the easiness to gain raw material. The result from LCA in chicken fodder production process in PT. Charoen Pokphand Indonesia-Krian is 5570Pt for the effect of ecosystem quality, 1210 Pt for human health effect, and 1150 Pt for natural resource effect. Then, the alternative solution is selected using ANP method. The results show that alternative priority using reverse osmosis technology indicates score 0.3957, the soy bean material replacing with score 0.3239 and fuel coal and shells collaboration with score 0.2803.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSI 333.714 Eff i 3100016066673
Uncontrolled Keywords: Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Analytical Network Process (ANP).
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD194.6 Environmental impact analysis
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Industrial Engineering > 26201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: - Davi Wah
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2020 01:09
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2020 01:09
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/75430

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