Implementasi Routing Protocol AODV Dengan Prediksi Pergerakan Kendaraan Dalam VANET

Arief, Reyhan (2016) Implementasi Routing Protocol AODV Dengan Prediksi Pergerakan Kendaraan Dalam VANET. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

AODV merupakan salah satu routing protocol yang populer karena proses route discovery-nya yang efisien. Namun jika diterapkan pada lingkungan VANET yang memiliki topologi dinamis dan berubah dengan cepat, AODV kurang mampu menjaga kestabilan dalam komunikasi antar kendaraan. Hal ini tentu disebabkan oleh AODV yang pada dasarnya diciptakan untuk lingkungan MANET. Agar dapat bekerja lebih baik di lingkungan VANET, maka diperlukan modifikasi pada routing protocol AODV. Modifikasi yang akan dilakukan adalah pada proses route request, yaitu dengan memperhitungkan faktor pergerakan kendaraan dan kualitas komunikasi antar kendaraan. Kemudian dilakukan prediksi terhadap faktor-faktor tersebut untuk beberapa detik yang akan datang. Dari hasil perhitungan tersebut akan diputuskan node mana saja yang dipilih sebagai node yang akan melanjutkan paket route request. Dari uji coba yang dilakukan, AODV-PNT mengalami peningkatan pada nilai rata-rata packet delivery ratio, penurunan rata-rata delay dan routing overhead seiring dengan bertambahnya kepadatan kendaraan dibandingkan dengan AODV. ===================================================================================================== AODV is one of the popular routing protocol because of its efficiency in route discovery process. However if applied in VANET environment which topology is dynamic and changing rapidly, AODV is less able to maintain its stability in vehicle-to-vehicle communication. This is certainly due to AODV which is basically created for MANET environment. In order to work better in VANET environment, it's necessary to modify AODV routing protocol. The part that will be modified is route request process, namely by taking the movement information and link quality between vehicles into account. Then do a prediction based on those factors for possible future values. From the calculation, it will be decided which node is selected as the node that will relay the route request packet. The simulation results show that AODV-PNT is able to achieve better routing performance in packet delivery ratio, average endto-end delay, and routing overhead with increasing vehicle density compared to AODV

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSIf 004.62 Ari i
Uncontrolled Keywords: VANET; AODV; NS-2; AODV-PNT
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK5105.585 TCP/IP (Computer network protocol)
Divisions: Faculty of Information Technology > Informatics Engineering > 55201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Yeni Anita Gonti
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2020 22:23
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2020 22:23
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/75833

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