Potensi Pelet Dari Limbah Pengasapan Ikan Terhadap Pertumbuhan Dan Kadar Protein Ikan Lele Dumbo (Clarias Gariepinus)

Febiyani, Asti Riski (2016) Potensi Pelet Dari Limbah Pengasapan Ikan Terhadap Pertumbuhan Dan Kadar Protein Ikan Lele Dumbo (Clarias Gariepinus). Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Pengasapan ikan di Kenjeran, Surabaya menyisakan limbah berupa jeroan, ekor, dan sirip ikan yang masih mengandung nutrisi terutama protein, sehingga dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai pakan ikan. Pakan merupakan faktor penting dalam pertumbuhan ikan. Pembudidaya biasanya menggunakan pelet ikan komersial, namun harganya relatif mahal. Limbah pengasapan ikan sebagai bahan baku yang murah, dapat dibuat menjadi pelet. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah memanfaatkan limbah pengasapan ikan sebagai bahan pelet untuk pertumbuhan ikan lele dumbo. Rancangan penelitian yang dilakukan adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap 1 Faktorial. Metode yang digunakan adalah pembuatan pelet, yang kemudian diberikan pada ikan lele dumbo dengan kombinasi K.0, K.1, K.2, K.3, dan K.4 yang dipelihara selama 30 hari. Data yang diambil antara lain pertumbuhan, tingkat kelangsungan hidup, FCR (Konversi Pakan), dan data kadar protein pada pelet dan daging ikan. Analisa data pertumbuhan ikan lele dilakukan dengan metode statistik Anova one way. Hasil analisa menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan pada K.4 memiliki pertumbuhan panjang dan berat relatif dan kadar protein dalam daging yang paling baik yaitu 72,64 % dan 488,97%, serta kadar protein sebesar 20,97 %. Tingkat kelangsungan hidup sebesar 98%, FCR paling efisien dan kadar protein pelet tertinggi ada pada K.4. ================================================================================================================== Fish curing in Kenjeran, Surabaya produces waste such as fish offal, tail and fins which still has some nutrients, especially protein content, so it can be used as fish feed. Fish feed is an important factor in fish growth. Farmers usually use commercial fish pellets, but the price is relatively more expensive. Curing fish waste which is less expensive can be used as materials for pellets. The purpose of this study is to utilize curing fish waste as a material fish pellets for growth African catfish. Experimental design of this research is Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 1 factorial. The pellets varieties were of K.0 , K.1, K.2, K.3, and K.4. The pellets were given to the fish for 30 days. Data of growth rate, survival rate and FCR and protein level data of the pellet and the fish meat were analyzed by one-way ANOVA statistical method. The analysis shows that the K.4 treatment has a best result of relatively growth of length (72.64%)and relatively growth of weight (488,97%). Protein level of fish meat is 20.97%. The survival rate of 98%, FCR most efficient pellets exist is K.4..

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSBi 597.74 Feb p
Uncontrolled Keywords: Clarias gariepinus; limbah pengasapan ikan; pelet; pertumbuhan; protein
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD898.8.C67 Waste disposal
Divisions: Faculty of Mathematics and Science > Biology > 46201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: ansi aflacha
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2020 01:43
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2020 01:43
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/76249

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