Pra Desain Pabrik Metanol Dari Bambu

Howarda, William Eduard and Bethiana, Titania Nur (2020) Pra Desain Pabrik Metanol Dari Bambu. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Menurut Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan Indonesia, memiliki 2,1 juta hektar hutan bambu. Sebagai salah satu bahan terbarukan, bambu dapat dikembangkan sebagai bahan baku metanol untuk kemudian menjadi syngas, bahan bakar, atau kimia industri lain. Untuk mengolah bambu menjadi metanol, diperlukan dua tahapan yaitu pembentukan syngas dan pembentukan metanol. Teknologi yang digunakan untuk sintesa syngas adalah dual fluidized bed reactor yang diadaptasi dari paten milik TU Vienna, sementara untuk sintesa metanol digunakan lisensor milik Johnson Matthey. Kondisi operasi yang digunakan untuk gasifikasi adalah suhu 900oC dengan tekanan atmosferik, sementara sintesa metanol pada suhu 220oC dengan tekanan 50 bar. Pabrik direncanakan beroperasi pada tahun 2022 yang berlokasi di Jembrana, Bali. Kapasitas pabrik metanol sebesar 73,15 kiloton per tahun dan beroperasi secara kontinyu selama 24 jam/hari dengan waktu produksi 330 hari/tahun. Berdasarkan analisis ekonomi, laju pengembalian modal (IRR) pabrik ini sebesar 19,2% pada tingkat bunga per tahun 9,95%. Waktu pengembalian modal (POT) adalah 7 tahun dan titik impas (BEP) sebesar 41,62%.=========================================================================================================== Based on Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Indonesia owns 2.1 million hectares of bamboo forest. As one of the renewable energies, bamboo can be utilized as methanol raw material and processed to be synthetic gas, fuel, or other chemical components. Converting bamboo to methanol needs two processes, syngas synthesis and methanol synthesis. Syngas synthesis uses dual fluidized bed reactor, adapting techBased on Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Indonesia owns 2.1 million hectares of bamboo forest. As one of the renewable energies, bamboo can be utilized as methanol raw material and processed to be synthetic gas, fuel, or other chemical components. Converting bamboo to methanol needs two processes, syngas synthesis and methanol synthesis. Syngas synthesis uses dual fluidized bed reactor, adapting technology patented by TU Vienna. Methanol synthesis uses technology licensed by Johnson Matthey. The operating condition for gasification is 900oC on atmospheric pressure, while methanol synthesis is 220oC on 50 bar. The plant is scheduled to operate on 2022 in Jembrana, Bali. Methanol plant capacity is 73,15 kilotons per year and operating continuous for 24 hours/day with production time of 330 days/year. Based on economical analysis, internal rate of return is 19.2% with 9.95% of interest rate. The pay out time is 7 years and 41.62% of breakeven point.nology patented by TU Vienna. Methanol synthesis uses technology licensed by Johnson Matthey. The operating condition for gasification is 900oC on atmospheric pressure, while methanol synthesis is 220oC on 50 bar. The plant is scheduled to operate on 2022 in Jembrana, Bali. Methanol plant capacity is 73,15 kilotons per year and operating continuous for 24 hours/day with production time of 330 days/year. Based on economical analysis, internal rate of return is 19.2% with 9.95% of interest rate. The pay out time is 7 years and 41.62% of breakeven point.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSK 661.82 How p-1 • Howarda, William Eduard
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bambu, Gasifikasi, Metanol
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS176 Manufacturing engineering. Process engineering (Including manufacturing planning, production planning)
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Chemical Engineering > 24201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: William Eduard Howarda
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2020 01:21
Last Modified: 20 Nov 2020 00:33
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/77822

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