Identifikasi Peluang dan Tantangan Pasar Energi Prosumer di Indonesia: Studi Residential Rooftop Solar PV Prosumers

Poespito, Thasya Alifia Ramadhanty (2020) Identifikasi Peluang dan Tantangan Pasar Energi Prosumer di Indonesia: Studi Residential Rooftop Solar PV Prosumers. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Indonesia merupakan negara yang terletak di garis khatulistiwa dan memiliki potensi energi surya yang melimpah. Namun, Indonesia masih sangat bergantung pada energi non terbarukan. Pemerintah berkomitmen untuk mendorong investasi energi terbarukan, dan memperkenalkan beberapa program seperti “sejuta surya atap” dan memberikan insentif kepada pelanggan PLN, melalui skema prosumer, dimana konsumen rumah surya atap dapat mengkonsumsi energi sendiri yang dihasilkan oleh surya atap, dan menjual kelebihannya ke jaringan PLN. Energi terbarukan masih terbilang asing bagi masyarakat Indonesia. Oleh karena itu penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi karakteristik serta peluang dan tantangan pengguna maupun non pengguna surya atap atau solar photovoltaic. Tujuan penelitian ini diselesaikan menggunakan analisis deskriptif dan ANOVA untuk mengetahui adanya perbedaan yang dirasakan oleh pengguna maupun non pengguna surya atap terhadap peran pemerintah dan penjual surya atap. Pada penelitian ini, didapatkan sebanyak 119 responden. Berdasarkan analisis peluang dan tantang menggunakan analisis deskriptif didapatkan hasil yaitu pengguna surya atap memiliki peluang melakukan penghematan uang dan dapat menurunkan biaya tagihan listrik bulanan serta memiliki tantangan dalam biaya pengembalian investasi yang dinilai cukup lama. Sedangkan untuk non pengguna surya atap tertarik dengan surya atap namun tidak melakukan investasi dikarenakan terhalang dengan biaya investasi surya atap yang dirasa cukup mahal. Sedangkan hasil dari uji ANOVA menyatakan tidak terdapat perbedaan yang dirasakan oleh pengguna dan non pengguna surya atap terhadap peran pemerintah dan penjual surya atap. ============================================================================================================================ Indonesia is a country that is located on the equator and has abundant solar energy potential. However, Indonesia is still very dependent on non-renewable energy. The government is committed to encouraging investment in renewable energy, and introducing several programs such as “sejuta surya atap” and providing incentives to PLN customers, through a prosumer scheme, where consumers of rooftop solar homes can consume their own energy generated by rooftop solar, and sell the excess to the PLN grid. Renewable energy is still rare in Indonesian society. Therefore, this study aims to identify the characteristics and opportunities and challenges of users and non-users of solar photovoltaics. The purpose of this study was completed using descriptive analysis and ANOVA to determine the differences felt by users and non-users of rooftop solar on the role of government and rooftop solar sellers. In this study, there were 119 respondents. Based on the opportunity and challenge analysis using descriptive analysis, the results show that rooftop solar users have the opportunity to save money and can reduce the cost of monthly electricity bills and have challenges in the cost of return on investment which is considered long enough. Meanwhile, non-rooftop solar users are interested in rooftop solar but do not invest because it is hampered by the cost of investing in rooftop solar which is considered quite expensive. Meanwhile, the results of the ANOVA test state that there are no differences that are felt by users and non-users of rooftop solar on the role of government and rooftop solar sellers.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Energi, Energi Terbarukan, Prosumer, Solar PV, Perumahan, ANOVA, Energy, Renewable Energy, Prosumer, Solar PV, residential, ANOVA
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions > HC108 Market surveys.
Divisions: Faculty of Creative Design and Digital Business (CREABIZ) > Business Management > 61205-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Thasya Alifia Ramadhanty Poespito
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2020 08:44
Last Modified: 15 Aug 2020 08:44
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/78432

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