Salutarium: Sarana Psikoterapi untuk Kesehatan Mental

Florabel, Ruth (2020) Salutarium: Sarana Psikoterapi untuk Kesehatan Mental. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Menurut data yang diperoleh oleh Dinas Sosial DKI Jakarta, 20% dari jumlah masyarakat DKI Jakarta mengalami gangguan mental ringan sampai berat. Kepadatan dan kesibukan masyarakat yang tinggal di DKI Jakarta menjadi salah satu faktor penyebab tersebut. Namun, kesadaran masyarakat akan kesehatan mental juga masih rendah. Mayoritas individu masih kurang peka dan tidak paham akan kesehatan mentalnya sendiri. Bagi individu yang sudah paham pun masih terbatasi oleh stigma masyarakat sehingga segan untuk memeriksakan diri serta malu dalam menjalani perawatan untuk kesehatan mental. Kerap kali, individu menyadari bahwa kesehatan mentalnya terganggu melalui gejala-gejala keluhan fisik seperti jantung berdebar, mual, tremor, sakit kepala dan sakit perut. Dalam dunia medis, hal tersebut merupakan gejala psikosomatis. Gangguan psikosomatis itu sendiri dapat diatasi dengan pengobatan fisik, namun dukungan terapi secara psikis (psikoterapi) sebenarnya juga cukup penting. Psikoterapi dapat membantu pengobatan secara psikis berupa terapi pola pikir dan perilaku yang melatih respon seseorang terhadap situasi. Di lain sisi, psikoterapi juga secara tidak langsung dapat berguna untuk menjaga kestabilan kesehatan mental individu yang belum menyadari akan kesehatan mentalnya. Dengan menggunakan data-data mengenai psikoterapi, arsitektur menciptakan ruang-ruang yang mewadahi aktivitas penerapan psikoterapi. Melalui pendekatan secara psikologi lingkungan, tempat psikoterapi ini tersusun sebagai tempat multiaktivitas. Salutarium dirancang untuk mewadahi pengunjung sadar (utama) secara maksimal agar tidak segan untuk menjalani proses penyembuhan dan pengunjung non-sadar (potensial) dalam menyadari kesehatan mentalnya melalui aktivitas-aktivitas yang ada. Konsep non-hospital setting juga turut membantu proses psikoterapi dalam menciptakan suasana yang mendukung secara psikologis. ===================================================================== Based on the data obtained by the Dinas Sosial DKI Jakarta, 20% of the society living in DKI Jakarta has experienced mild to severe mental disorders. The intense and hectic life of the people who live and work in Jakarta is one of the main factors. However, the public still has low awareness of mental health. The majority of individuals are still insensitive and don’t understand of their own mental health. Apart from that, some individuals who already perceive about it are also still bounded by the stigma of the community, so they are hesitant to check on themselves and ashamed to do undergoing treatment for their own mental health. Oftentimes, individuals realize that their mental health is disrupted through the physical symptoms such as palpitations, nausea, tremors, headaches and stomachaches. In the medical world, the condition is called a psychosomatic symptom of a condition when the mind affects the body and triggers physical complaints. Psychosomatic disorders themselves can be healed by physical treatment, but psychological therapy (psychotherapy) is what they actually needed. Psychotherapy can psychologically help the treatment, as in the form of mindset and behavior therapy that trains a person's response to situations. On the other hand, psychotherapy can also indirectly be useful for maintaining mental health stability of individuals who are not aware of their mental health. By collecting and analyzing data about psychotherapy, architecture have a role in creating spaces that facilitate the activities of applying psychotherapy. Through environmental psychology approaches, this psychotherapy place is built under multiactivity place. Salutarum is designed to accommodate the conscious visitor optimally so they aren’t hesitate to go through the healing process and help the non-conscious visitors in realizing their mental health through existing activities. The concept of non-hospital setting also helps the psychotherapy process in creating a psychologically supportive atmosphere.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSA 725.51 Flo s-1
Uncontrolled Keywords: kondisi mental, psikosomatis, psikologi lingkungan, evidence-based design, mental health, psychosomatic, environmental psychology
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
Divisions: Faculty of Civil, Planning, and Geo Engineering (CIVPLAN) > Architecture > 23201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Ruth Florabel
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2020 04:05
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2020 08:53
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/78785

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