Kala: Co-Housing Lansia dengan Pendekatan Desain Inklusif

Larasati, Brigita Ida Ayu (2020) Kala: Co-Housing Lansia dengan Pendekatan Desain Inklusif. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Pertumbuhan penduduk adalah sesuatu yang pasti dan terus berjalan. Populasi manusia di setiap negara selalu bertambah tiap tahunnya. Sama halnya dengan Indonesia, yang sekarang sedang mengalami bonus demografi. Bonus demografi adalah bertambahnya populasi penduduk di usia produktif 15-64 tahun yang berlangsung hingga 2036. Tidak hanya bagi pemerintah, dari segi arsitektur pun menjadi suatu tantangan baru untuk menghadapi kedatangan pertambahan lansia di masa depan ini. Dilihat dari segi ekonomi, para lansia di tahun 2060 adalah generasi yang saat berumur 20an tahun. Saat generasi ini menua, apakah ada pergeseran budaya bermukim di masa depan? Selama ini tipologi permukiman bagi lansia masih terbatas. Kebanyakan bangunan bagi lansia adalah healthcare facilites seperti panti jompo / care home. Padahal dalam proses penuaan lansia menjalani active aging yaitu saat menua, lansia dapat tetap aktif berpartisipasi dalam bidang social, politik, dan lainnya. Active aging mengurangi kemungkinan disabilitas dan mempertahankan independensi lansia. Strategi desain yang digunakan untuk mengakomodasi active aging ini adalah pendekatan inklusif dan co-housing. Desain inklusif membantu semua jenis pengguna untuk berpartisipasi dalam kesetaraan dalam aktivitas sehari-hari. Inklusif sesuai dengan pengguna yaitu lansia yang memiliki kebutuhan desain khusus. Sedangkan pendekatan co-housing, bertujuan agar pengguna berperan dalam sebuah komunitas yang berkembang. Menumbuhkan perasaan memiliki yang menjadi katalis dalam active aging. Pendekatan dan metode desain nantinya akan mengeluarkan kriteria desain. Dari kriteria tersebut dapat ditarik konsep perancangan. Konsep terbagi menjadi tiga bagian yaitu programming, hunian, dan modifikasi. Programming untuk menentukan tingkat privasi tiap bangunan dalam site. Hunian adalah perwujudan konsep co-housing, dan modifikasi rumah merupakan perwujudan dari human-centered design. ============================================================Population growth is a something certain and always going on. The human population in each country is always increasing every year. Similar to Indonesia, which is now experiencing a demographic bonus. The demographic bonus is the increase in population in productive age of 15-64 years which lasts until 2036. Not only for the government, in terms of architecture also becomes a new challenge to face the future which elderly population is explodes. In terms of economics, the elderly in 2060 are the generation who are in their 20s today. As this generation ages, will there be a cultural shift to settle in the future? So far, the typology of settlements for elderly is still limited. Most buildings for the elderly are healthcare facilities such as nursing homes or care home. Whereas in aging process the elderly undergo active aging phase. Active aging means, when they are aging, the elderly can remain actively participating in the social, political, and other fields. Active aging reduces the likelihood of disability and maintains elderly independence. The design strategies used to accommodate active aging are inclusive design and co-housing approaches. Inclusive design helps all types of users to participate in equality in daily activities. Inclusive is suitable to the user, namely the elderly who have special design needs. While the co-housing approach, aims for users to play a role in a developing community. Cultivating a feeling of belonging that is a catalyst in active aging. Design approaches and methods will later produce design criteria. From these criteria, design concepts can be drawn. The concept is divided into three parts, namely programming, dwelling, and modification. Programming to determine the level of privacy of each building on the site. Dwelling is an embodiment of the concept of co-housing, and home modification is an embodiment of human-centered design.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSA 728.1 Lar k-1 • Larasati, Brigita Ida Ayu
Uncontrolled Keywords: Keywords: elderly, active aging, co-housing, inclusive design Kata kunci: lansia, active aging, co-housing, desain inklusif.
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > NA7115 Domestic architecture. Houses. Dwellings
Divisions: Faculty of Civil, Planning, and Geo Engineering (CIVPLAN) > Architecture > 23201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Brigita Ida Ayu L
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2020 03:29
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2020 12:22
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/78821

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