Perwujudan Faktor Ruang yang Dapat Bertahan (Defensible Space) Terhadap Kriminalitas di Kecamatan Kamal

Sriwijayati, Riski (2020) Perwujudan Faktor Ruang yang Dapat Bertahan (Defensible Space) Terhadap Kriminalitas di Kecamatan Kamal. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Permukiman tradisional di Kecamatan Kamal teridentifikasi memiliki elemen pembentuk defensible space namun saat ini elemen-elemen tersebut telah mengalami perubahan. Meski Kecamatan Kamal cenderung mengalami penurunan angka kriminalitas, namun tingkat kriminalitas di Kecamatan Kamal termasuk tertinggi dibandingkan kecamatan lain di Kabupaten Bangkalan. Untuk itu penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui perwujudan faktor ruang yang dapat bertahan terhadap kriminalitas di Kecamatan Kamal saat ini. Peneliti berfokus pada empat faktor dari konsep defensible space yakni territoriality, natural surveillance, image, dan milieu. Penelitian ini menggunakan metodologi kualitatif-kuantitatif (mix method) dengan pendekatan rasionalistik. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan kuisioner, wawancara, dan observasi. Dari analisis klaster didapatkan bahwa terdapat tiga klaster desa di Kecamatan Kamal berdasarkan tingkat keamanannya yakni desa aman (Desa Tajungan, Desa Kamal, Desa Tanjung Jati), desa cukup aman (Desa Banyu Ajuh, Desa Gili Anyar, Desa Kebun), dan desa tidak aman (Desa Telang, Desa Pendabah, Desa Gili Barat, Desa Gili Timur). Temuan menunjukkan bahwa keempat faktor defensible space berpengaruh pada tingkat kriminalitas di Kecamatan Kamal. Faktor territoriality (berfungsinya public space, aktifnya paguyuban warga, dan tingginya kesadaran ruang), faktor natural surveillance (pencahayaan yang baik, keterbukaan visual yang tidak terhadalang tanaman, dan pengawasan penduduk secara alami), faktor image (kesan terawat), faktor milieu (heterogenitas dan aksesibiitas) berpengaruh dalam mengurangi tingkat kriminalitas di lokasi studi. ======================================================================================================== Traditional settlements in Kamal District have been identified as having elements that form defensible space currently, these elements have undergone changes. Although Kamal District tends to experience a decrease in the crime rate, the crime rate in Kamal District is the highest compared to other sub-districts in Bangkalan Regency. For this reason, this study aims to determine the embodiment of spatial factors that can withstand crime in the current Kamal District. Researchers focus on four factors from the concept of defensible space, namely territoriality, natural surveillance, image, and milieu. This study uses a qualitative-quantitative methodology (mix-method) with a rationalistic approach. Data collection was carried out by means of questionnaires, interviews, and observations. From the cluster analysis, it was found that there were three village clusters in Kamal District based on their level of security, namely safe villages (Tajungan, Kamal, Tanjung Jati), quite safe villages (Banyu Ajuh, Gili Anyar, Kebun), and unsafe villages. (Telang, Pendabah, Gili Barat, Gili Timur). The findings show that the four defensible space factors have an effect on the crime rate in Kamal District. Territoriality factors (the functioning of the public space, active community associations, and high awareness of space), natural surveillance factors (good lighting, visual openness that is not obstructed by plants, and natural monitoring of the population), image factors (well-maintained impression), milieu factors (heterogeneity and accessibility) have an effect on reducing the crime rate in the study locations.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Defensible Space, Keamanan, Kriminalitas, Ruang, Defensible Space, Security, Crime, Space.
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Divisions: Faculty of Civil, Planning, and Geo Engineering (CIVPLAN) > Regional & Urban Planning > 35201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Riski Sriwijayati
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2020 06:21
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2020 06:21
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/79130

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