Pra Desain Pabrik Garam Industri Dari Garam Rakyat

Setia Budi, Arianto and Dinar Rahadhian, Fahmi (2020) Pra Desain Pabrik Garam Industri Dari Garam Rakyat. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Dahulu pemanfaatan garam atau NaCl sangat terbatas dimana biasanya hanya digunakan untuk bumbu masak dan pengasinan pada ikan guna pengawetan, namun kini kegunaan garam semakin luas seiring berkembangnya ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi. Terutama dalam penggunaan Garam Industri yang digunakan untuk menyokong perindustrian di Indonesia. Produksi garam nasional secara keseluruhan di Indonesia mencapai rata–rata 1.000.000 ton /tahun. Untuk pemilihan garam rakyat sebagai bahan baku tentu sangat menguntungkan karena ketersediaan bahan baku yang mudah didapat, karena hampir semua garam yang diproduksi di Indonesia menggunakan cara konvensional dengan pemanfaatan panas matahari sehingga dihasilkan garam rakyat dengan kualitas yang masih rendah. Pabrik direncanakan mulai beroperasi tahun 2022 dan ditetapkan kapasitas produksi pabrik Garam Industri sebesar 100.000 ton/tahun lalu dibutuhkan bahan baku garam rakyat sebanyak 198.339,83 ton/tahun. Lokasi pendirian pabrik garam industri ini direncanakan di kecamatan Kapetakan, Kabupaten Cirebon, Jawa Barat. Secara umum proses pembuatan garam industri dengan proses pencucian dan rekristalisasi dibagi menjadi 4 tahapan proses, yaitu tahap Pre-Treatment bahan baku, tahap Washing and Filtration, tahap Evaporation and Crystalization, tahap Drying and Packing Produk. Untuk dapat mendirikan pabrik dengan kapasitas 100.000 ton/tahun diperlukan total modal investasi sebesar Rp. 135.410.719.455,79- dan total biaya produksi sebesar Rp. 256.126.782.64918,- dan hasil penjualan Rp. 325.663.000.000,00,- per tahun. Dengan estimasi umur pabrik 10 tahun, dapat diketahui internal rate of return (IRR) sebesar 39,58%, pay out time (POT) 5,34 tahun dan break even point (BEP) sebesar 38,54%.====================================================================================================================Previously the use of salt or NaCl was very limited which is usually only used for cooking spices and salting of fish for preservation, but now the use of salt is increasingly widespread as the development of science and technology. Especially in the use of Industrial Salt which is used to support industry in Indonesia. Overall national salt production in Indonesia reaches an average of 1,000,000 tons/year. The selection of solar salt as a raw material is certainly very beneficial because of the availability of raw materials that are easily obtained, because almost all salt produced in Indonesia uses conventional methods with the use of solar heat so that people's salt is produced with low quality. The factory is planned to start operating in 2022 and it is determined that the production capacity of the Industrial Salt factory is 100,000 tons/year, and it will require 198.339,83 tons/year of solar salt raw material. The location of the establishment of an industrial salt factory is planned in the Kapetak sub-district, Cirebon Regency, West Java. In general, the process of making industrial salt by washing and recrystallization is divided into 4 process stages, namely the Pre-Treatment stage of raw materials, the Washing and Filtration stage, the Evaporation and Crystalization stage, the Drying and Product Packing stage. To be able to set up a factory with a capacity of 100,000 tons/year requires a total investment capital of Rp. 135,410,719,455.79 - and the total production cost of Rp. 256,126,782,64918 and sales proceeds of Rp. 325,663,000,000.00 per year. With an estimated factory life of 10 years, an internal rate of return (IRR) of 39.58%, a pay-out time (POT) of 5.34 years and a break even point (BEP) of 38.54% can be found.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Garam Rakyat, Impurities, Pencucian, Rekristalisasi, Garam Industri
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP156 Crystallization. Extraction (Chemistry). Fermentation. Distillation. Emulsions.
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Chemical Engineering > 24201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Arianto Setia Budi
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2020 05:15
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2020 05:16
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/79655

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