Strategi Peremajaan Kawasan Permukiman Kumuh Kelurahan Wonokusumo Kota Surabaya Berdasarkan Prinsip Goals 11 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGS)

Pandora, Olivia (2020) Strategi Peremajaan Kawasan Permukiman Kumuh Kelurahan Wonokusumo Kota Surabaya Berdasarkan Prinsip Goals 11 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGS). Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Penyediaan permukiman yang layak huni menjadi salah satu rencana global yang dimuat dalam SDGs Goals 11 dan diamanatkan dalam Undang-Undang Dasar Tahun 1945 Pasal 28H. Namun hal tersebut menjadi permasalahan di kota-kota besar, dimana masyarakat tidak dapat memenuhi kebutuhan bermukim sehingga terpaksa tinggal atau memenuhi kawasan kurang layak, seperti yang terjadi di Kelurahan Wonokusumo Kota Surabaya. Kelurahan Wonokusumo termasuk Prioritas I dalam penanganan kumuh serta menjadi kawasan kumuh terluas di Surabaya memiliki karakteristik kawasan sangat padat. Hal tersebut mengakibatkan permasalahan lingkungan, sosial dan ekonomi yang lebih besar. Permasalahan tersebut meliputi tingginya kawasan tergenang banjir, penumpukkan sampah, serta kurangnya ketersediaan lahan dengan keterbatasan ekonomi membuat warga mengabaikan keamanan dan kelayakhunian sesuai SDGs Goals 11. Sehingga, penanganan tidak hanya dilakukan terhadap aspek fisik saja, melainkan harus terdapat penanganan aspek non fisik sesuai tujuan pembangunan global khususnya SDGs Goals 11. Maka perlu dirumuskan strategi peremajaan permukiman kumuh sesuai karaktersitik fisik dan non fisik di Kelurahan Wonokusumo.viii Penelitian ini terdiri dari 3 tahapan, tahap pertama membahas karakteristik permukiman kumuh yang dikelompokkan menjadi tiga klaster berdasarkan kesamaan karakteristiknya. Karakeristik tersebut didasari data-data sekunder yang ditunjang hasil kuisioner kepada 170 responden. Tahap kedua membahas arahan kebijakan terkait permukiman kumuh Kelurahan Wonokusumo baik dari dokumen tata ruang ataupun dokumen penanganan permukiman kumuh yang menjadi peluang dalam bentuk support system terhadap perumusan strategi peremajaan. Kemudian, pada tahap ketiga dilakukan penyilangan matrik SWOT untuk mendapatkan strategi peremajaan permukiman kumuh berdasarkan prinsip SDGs Goals 11. Berdasarkan analisis yang telah dilakukan, didapatkan tiga klaster kumuh di Kelurahan Wonokusumo berdasarkan kesamaan karakteristiknya. Klaster I yang terdiri dari yang terdiri dari RW 7 pada RT 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 11, kemudian RW 15 pada RT 2, 3, 4, 5 dan RW 6 RT 6 dapat dirumuskan menjadi 15 strategi. Klaster II yang terdiri dari RW 7 pada RT 3, 6, 7, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 22, kemudian RW 6 pada RT 5 dapat dirumuskan 16 strategi. Sedangkan Klaster III yang terdiri dari RW 7 RT 18 dan RT 21 dapat dirumuskan 16 strateg ========================================================================================================= The provision of adequate housing is one of the global plans stated in Sustainable Development Goals 11 and mandated in the 1945 Constitution of The Republic of Indonesia. But that becomes a problem in big cities, where the public cannot meet the needs of settling, so they are forced to live in less decent areas such as those that occur in Wonokusumo Surabaya. Wonokusumo being the first priority in handling slums and being the widest slum area in Surabaya has the characteristic of a very dense settlement. This makes some problems in the environment, social and economy. These problems such as flooded areas, rubbish heap, and lack of land availability with economic limitations make the ignority of security and habitability aspect according to SDGs Goals 11. Based on this, the prevention should not only be done on physical aspects, rather there must be nonphysical aspects following SDGs Goals 11.So it is necessary to formulate a strategy for slum renewal by the physical and non physical characteristics in Wonokusumo. This research consisted of 3 stages, the first stage was discussing the characteristic of slum which are grouped into three clusters based on similar characteristics. Those characteristics are based on secondary data and supported by questionnaire results to 170 respondents. The second stage was discussing the policies related to slum handling of Wonokusumo, both from spatial planning documentx or the slum handling document that provide opportunities in the form of a support system for the formulation of slum renewal strategies.Then, in the third stage, the SWOT matrix is crossed to get a slum renewal strategies based on SDGs Goals 11 principle. The results of the study show that three clusters were obtained in Wonokusumo based on similar characteristics. The first cluster consists of RW 7 in RT RT 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 11, then RW 15 in RT 2, 3, 4, 5 and RW 6 in RT 6 can be formulated into 15 strategies. The second cluster consists of RW 7 in RT 3, 6, 7, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 22, and RW 6 in RT 5 can be formulated into 16 strategies. While the third cluster consists of RW 7 in RT 18 and RT 21 can be formulated into 16 strategies

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Permukiman Kumuh, SDGs Goals 11, Peremajaan
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > NA7115 Domestic architecture. Houses. Dwellings
Divisions: Faculty of Civil, Planning, and Geo Engineering (CIVPLAN) > Regional & Urban Planning > 35201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: ANDORA OLIVIA P
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2020 09:39
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2020 09:39
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/79846

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