Rumah Sewa Berkelanjutan Untuk Buruh Di Kawasan Industri

Wicahyo, Rahardiyan Ari (2020) Rumah Sewa Berkelanjutan Untuk Buruh Di Kawasan Industri. Masters thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Rumah sewa adalah kebutuhan utama bagi buruh pabrik, oleh karena itu harus memenuhi standar kelayakan dan kaidah keberlanjutan. Rumah sewa berkelanjutan dapat meningkatkan kualitas hidup penghuninya, agar mereka mempunyai kesempatan memperbaiki taraf kehidupannya. Oleh karenanya rumah sewa bagi buruh pabrik di kawasan industri yang disediakan oleh masyarakat / perorangan harus memenuhi standar keberlanjutan. Studi ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui kelayakan dan mengevaluasi keberlanjutan rumah sewa buruh yang disediakan oleh masyarakat, untuk kemudian dirumuskan pedoman desain rumah sewa yang sesuai standar rumah layak huni, teori rumah berkelanjutan dan hasil evaluasi penelitian tentang rumah sewa untuk buruh pabrik di kawasan industri. Pendekatan yang digunakan penelitian ini adalah pendekatan positivisme dengan teknik pengambilan data primer dan sekunder melalui observasi lapangan, kuesioner dan wawancara mendalam bagi buruh pabrik (sebagai penyewa rumah) dan pemilik rumah. Pedoman desain rumah sewa yang berkelanjutan bagi buruh pabrik di area industri diperoleh dari analisa SWOT dan triangulasi meliputi standar rumah berkelanjutan, studi literatur, dan hasil evaluasi penelitian. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rumah sewa di Desa Bangah dapat dikembangkan dengan pedoman desain rumah sewa berkelanjutan dalam upaya perbaikan kondisi fisik rumah sewa serta lingkungan sekitarnya. Strategi pemenuhan rumah sewa berkelanjutan didasarkan pada aspek-aspek yang telah teridentifikasi. Strategi pemenuhan tersebut dilakukan melalui perbaikan pada dimensi fisik bangunan rumah sewa buruh di Desa Bangah meliputi; pengadaan luas ruangan yang sesuai standar kelayakan huni; penggunaan bahan baku material yang mudah perawatannya, tahan lama serta mudah didapatkan; perbaikan jendela agar dapat memasukkan cahaya yang cukup kedalam ruangan; dan pengadaan penghawaan ventilasi silang guna mendapatkan sirkulasi udara yang lebih baik didalam ruangan. Untuk mewujudkan rumah sewa berkelanjutan bagi buruh, diperlukan dukungan sosialisasi dan bantuan penyuluhan dari pemerintah sebagai regulator, partisipasi penyewa dalam hal pemeliharaan dan realisasi keinginan pemilik dalam mewujudkan rumah sewa yang layak huni dan berkelanjutan. Selanjutnya juga dibutuhkan pembangunan sarana dan prasarana yang disesuaikan dengan kondisi lingkungan setempat serta kerjasama dengan pihak Pabrik Maspion 1 dalam pengadaan akses masuk ke Pabrik agar dapat dijangkau langsung oleh buruh yang tinggal di Desa Bangah. ============================================================================================================ Rental houses, boarding houses or commonly called rental houses are the main needs of factory workers. A sustainable rental house can have a good impact on the life of factory workers in the future, because they have the opportunity to improve their quality of life. Therefore, rental houses located in industrial areas provided by the community or individuals should have a tendency to grow up towards the standards applied for a sustainable home. In this case what is meant is the standard of sustainable rental housing for factory workers. The aim of this thesis is to find out the feasibility and evaluate the sustainability of rental houses for labor provided by the community or private sector to formulate a rental house design guidelines that conforms to decent house standards, sustainable home theory and the result of research evaluation. This research uses positivism approach with primary and secondary data collection techniques through field observations, questionnaires and in depth interviews for factory workers (as renters), and the house owner. The design guidelines of sustainable rental housing for factory workers in industrial areas is obtained from SWOT analysis and triangulation, concerning sustainable home standards, literature study, and the results of data that has been processed. The results showed that the rental houses in Bangah Village could be developed with guidelines for the design of sustainable rental houses in an effort to improve the physical condition of the rental houses and the surrounding environment. The sustainable rental housing fulfillment strategy is based on the identified aspects. Strategies for the fulfillment of sustainable rental houses is done through improvements to the physical dimensions of the rental housing buildings for workers in Bangah Village, among others; procurement of room area according to the standard of habitability; use of raw materials that are easy to maintain, durable and easy to obtain; repair of windows so as to bring sufficient light into the room; and provide cross ventilation for better indoor air circulation. To realize sustainable rental housing for workers, socialization support or assistance from the government as a regulator, tenants participation in case of maintenance, and realization of owner's desire to create a livable and sustainable rental house is required. Next, it is also needed construction of infrastructure and facilities adapted to local environmental conditions and cooperation with Maspion 1 Factory in case of providing access to the factory that can be reached directly by workers living in Bangah Village.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > NA7115 Domestic architecture. Houses. Dwellings
Divisions: Faculty of Architecture, Design, and Planning > Architecture > 23101-(S2) Master Thesis
Depositing User: rahardiyan ari wicahyo
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2020 08:07
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2020 08:07
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/79869

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