Konfigurasi Spasial pada Kawasan Peninggalan Islam di Wilayah Perkotaan Jawa Timur: Studi Kasus Kawasan Maulana Malik Ibrahim, Ampel, dan Giri

Perkasa, Muhammad Ilham (2020) Konfigurasi Spasial pada Kawasan Peninggalan Islam di Wilayah Perkotaan Jawa Timur: Studi Kasus Kawasan Maulana Malik Ibrahim, Ampel, dan Giri. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Sejarah perkembangan agama Islam di Nusantara tidak terlepas dari Pulau Jawa yang menjadi salah satu episentrum syiar agama Islam. Penyebaran agama Islam di Pulau Jawa pertama kali berada di wilayah Jawa Timur, khususnya Gresik dan kemudian Surabaya. Syiar Islam sangat dipengaruhi oleh keberadaan mubaligh fenomenal yakni Wali Songo. Diantara tokoh Wali Songo yang memiliki peran penting pada kota-kota tersebut adalah Maulana Malik Ibrahim, Sunan Ampel, dan Sunan Giri yang hidup pada linimasa penting sejarah Indonesia pada zaman peralihan Hindu-Budha menuju Islam di abad ke-15 M. Tokoh Wali Songo masa awal tersebut telah membentuk kawasan syiar Islam yang kini menjadi peninggalan cagar budaya Islam di wilayah perkotaan. Kawasan peninggalan tersebut menghadapi sejumlah ancaman seperti pesatnya pembangunan kota, diskoneksi ruang dan waktu, buruknya tata kelola situs, dan perencanaan kawasan yang tidak menghargai warisan sejarah. Kondisi yang memprihatinkan tersebut perlu mendapat perhatian dengan cara mengenal dan memahami lebih dalam nilai dan makna konfigurasi spasial pada kawasan peninggalan Islam. Penelitian ini menggali dan mengkaji elemen-elemen penyusun ruang pada kawasan studi sebagai bahan untuk merekonstruksi spasial kawasan dalam trajektori linimasa sejarah, untuk memahami nilai dan makna ruang di tiga kawasan peninggalan Wali. Dengan perspektif studi sejarah, arkeologi, dan antropologi, penelitian ini menghasilkan kesimpulan bahwa konfigurasi spasial pada ketiga kawasan studi memiliki perkembangan ruang yang kaya akan akulturasi dan sinkretisme budaya dari zaman Indonesia prasejarah hingga zaman Indonesia Islam. Nilai dan makna yang melekat pada tinggalan fisik dan nirfisik menjadi ruh keistimewaan kawasan. Dengan membandingkan karakteristik antarkawasan, akhirnya kawasan dapat dikelompokkan menjadi dua tipologi: (1) kawasan Maulana Malik Ibrahim dan kawasan Ampel berkarakter kawasan pelabuhan dan perdagangan, sementara (2) kawasan Giri memiliki karakter kawasan pusat kerajaan. ==================================================== The history of Islam's development in Nusantara can not be separated from the role of Java Island as one of the epicenters for Islamic spreading. The Islamic spreading in Java was started in the East Java region, especially Gresik, and then followed by Surabaya. The Spread of Islam was influenced by the phenomenal religious leaders of Wali Songo. Among the Wali Songo who played an important role in those cities are Maulana Malik Ibrahim, Sunan Ampel, and Sunan Giri who lived in the vital historical timeline of Indonesia in the 15th century, which was the transition era from the Hindu-Buddhist to Islamic civilization. These Wali Songo figures in those beginning periods had formed the Islamic center area which now has turned into a relic of Islamic heritage in the urban area. The heritage sites are currently facing several threats from rapid city development, disconnection of time & space, poor site management, and lack of respect towards historical heritage in urban planning. This concerning condition needs more recognition by identifying & understanding more about the value & meaning which underlie the spatial configuration of Islamic urban heritage sites. This research objective is to explore and elucidate the forming elements of space in these heritage sites as the material for the site’s spatial reconstruction, in the trajectory of a historical timeline. This is conducted to understand the spatial value & meaning in three of Wali Songo heritage sites. Through the perspective of historical, archaeological, and anthropological study, this research has resulted in the conclusion that the spatial configuration in all 3 of these heritage sites has a spatial development that was rich in acculturations & cultural syncretism from the pre-historic until the Islamic age of Indonesia. The value & meaning embedded in the tangible & intangible heritage has become the core of its sense of place. By comparing the characteristics between the sites, it can be grouped into 2 typologies: (1) Maulana Malik Ibrahim and Ampel sites have the character of a trading & harbor area, while (2) Giri site has the character of a government center.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ampel, Cagar Budaya, Giri, Konfigurasi Spasial, Maulana Malik Ibrahim, Nilai dan Makna, Islamic urban heritage, Spatial configuration, Value and meaning
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
D History General and Old World > D History (General)
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races > HT133 City and Towns. Land use,urban
Divisions: Faculty of Architecture, Design, and Planning > Regional and Urban Planning > 35201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Muhammad Ilham Perkasa
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2020 04:20
Last Modified: 26 Aug 2020 04:20
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/80330

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