KONSEP PENATAAN PERMUKIMAN PESISIR BERBASIS STRATEGI ADAPTASI TERHADAP BENCANA BANJIR ROB Studi Kasus: Kampung Tambak Lorok, Kecamatan Semarang Utara, Kota Semarang

Fajrin, Akhmad Raditya Maulana (2020) KONSEP PENATAAN PERMUKIMAN PESISIR BERBASIS STRATEGI ADAPTASI TERHADAP BENCANA BANJIR ROB Studi Kasus: Kampung Tambak Lorok, Kecamatan Semarang Utara, Kota Semarang. Masters thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

[img] Text
08111750010001_MASTER_THESIS.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (9MB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Banjir rob memberikan efek negatif terhadap kondisi fisik, sosial, ekonomi, dan lingkungan. Banjir rob di Kampung Tambak Lorok selain menyebabkan kerusakan infrastruktur dan kawasan pemu¬kiman, juga berdampak pada kehidupan masyarakat, rumah tangga, dan individual secara simultan. Sehingga, masyarakat perlu melakukan adaptasi lingkungan agar mencapai kehidupan yang nyaman dan sehat. Faktor sosial, ekonomi dan ekologi lingkungan mempengaruhi adaptasi lingkungan masyarakat, khususnya di kampung Tambak Lorok. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah merumuskan strategi penataan permukiman yang tepat berbasis adaptasi bermukim pada permukiman pesisir Kampung Tambak Lorok. Penelitian ini menggunakan paradigma post-positivism dengan strategi penelitian korelasi dan didukung oleh penelitian kualitatif. Hasil observasi dan wawancara terstruktur terhadap karakteristik permukiman dan kondisi banjir rob dianalisa secara deskriptif kualitatif. Penelitian korelasi menggunakan teknik penyebaran kuisioner untuk menemukan faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh dalam bermukim dan beradaptasi akibat banjir rob dan dianalisa melalui uji korelasi. Strategi adaptasi bermukim dianalisa melalui triangulasi untuk merumuskan konsep penataan permukiman pesisir berbasis adaptasi bencana banjir rob. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa karakteristik permukiman dan bahaya banjir rob dapat diklasifikasikan ke dalam 3 zona yakni zona dengan dampak tinggi, sedang dan rendah. Permasalahan permukiman yang terdapat pada Kampung Tambak Lorok adalah faktor moneter dimana income sangat rendah namun price dan cost tinggi. Faktor non moneter untuk akses sosial menujukkan daya keberdukungan sosial sangat jauh dari permukiman. Berdasarkan hasil analisa uji dependensi variabel moneter, non-moneter dan bahaya banjir sangat mempengaruhi upaya adaptasi masyarakat. Hasil penelitian merumuskan terdapat 16 upaya adaptasi yang dapat diklasifikasikan penggunaan elemen tetap (fixed features), semi-tetap (semi-fixed features) dan penggunaan elemen keduanya. Hasil analisa uji dependensi menujukkan mayoritas masyarakat memiliki income sangat rendah, namun dengan kondisi rumah mereka di area rawan banjir tinggi, tetap melakukan upaya adaptasi perbaikan elemen tetap. Sehingga, price dan cost menjadi lebih tinggi. Namun demikian, masyarakat tetap bertahan untuk tinggal di area tersebut karena memiliki nilai asset yang cukup tinggi, keamanan tinggal sangat aman, kondisi bangunan mayoritas permanen dan kedekatan dengan sumber pendapatan (pekerjaan) yakni mayoritas bekerja pada sektor perikanan. Konsep penataan permukiman yang diajukan adalah Konsep Tridaya yang berbasis pada partisipasi masyarakat untuk meningkatkan kondisi ekonomi, sosial dan budaya. Selain itu, terdapat konsep penataan permukiman dengan melakukan revitalisasi dan pembangunan baru untuk sarana, prasarana dan rumah dengan memperhatikan bahaya banjir rob berbasis arsitektur permukiman nelayan Kata kunci : banjir, adaptasi, permukiman, dan semarang =========================================================== Tidal flooding has a negative effect on physical, social, economic and environmental conditions. The tidal flood in Kampung Tambak Lorok, apart from causing damage to infrastructure and settlement areas, also had an impact on the lives of the community, households, and individuals simultaneously. Thus, people need to adapt to the environment in order to live healthy and comfortable. Social, economic, and environmental ecological factors affect the environmental adaptation of Tambak Lorok community. This study aims to formulate settlement design strategy based on housing and settlement adaptation in tidal flood risk settlement area of Kampung Tambak Lorok. This study uses a post-positivist paradigm with a correlation research strategy and is supported by qualitative research. Observation and structured interviews are analyzed descriptively to identify the characteristics of the settlement and tidal flood conditions. A correlation study uses questionnaire distribution techniques to find influential factors in housing adaptation due to tidal flooding impact. Types of housing adaptation and its influence factors are examined by dependency analysis that afterward the concept of structuring coastal settlements is formulated based on tidal flood disaster adaptation strategy. The results of this study indicate that the characteristics of the settlement and tidal flood hazard can be classified into 3 zones, namely zones with high, medium, and low impact. The settlement problem has been indicated by both monetary and non-monetary factors. For example, the income is mostly very low, but the price and cost are slightly high. Non-monetary factors for social access indicate social support is hardly achieved by householder of Tambak Lorok. Based on the dependency test, monetary, non-monetary, and flood hazards are interrelated with the adaptation effort variables. From the research results, 16 adaptation efforts are classified by using fixed features, semi-fixed features, and the use of both elements. The results of the dependency test analysis show that the majority of people have very low incomes, but with the condition of their houses in high flood-prone areas, they are making adaptation efforts to improve the housing condition. Consequently, the price and cost are higher than householder’s income rate. However, the people continue to live in the area because they have high asset values, very safe living security, the majority of permanent building conditions and proximity to sources of income (employment) in marine sector. The proposed solution for settlement improvement is the Tridaya Concept which is based on community participation to improve economic, social and cultural conditions. In addition, a concept of settlement arrangement is suggested, namely the revitalization and construction of new facilities, infrastructure, and houses with due regard to tidal flooding risk and considering fishermen settlement architecture as conceptual approach. Keyword : tidal flood, adaptation, settlement, and semarang

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > NA7115 Domestic architecture. Houses. Dwellings
Divisions: Faculty of Civil, Planning, and Geo Engineering (CIVPLAN) > Architecture > 23101-(S2) Master Thesis
Depositing User: Akhmad Raditya Maulana Fajrin
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2020 06:36
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2020 06:36
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/80886

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item