Perencanaan Sistem Logistik Ekspor Komoditas Perikanan: Studi Kasus Sentra Kelautan dan Perikanan Terpadu, Natuna

Caterina, Agatha Kezia (2020) Perencanaan Sistem Logistik Ekspor Komoditas Perikanan: Studi Kasus Sentra Kelautan dan Perikanan Terpadu, Natuna. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Sentra Kelautan dan Perikanan Terpadu (SKPT) Natuna memiliki potensi produk perikanan mencapai 350.000 kg tiap bulannya. Saat ini, SKPT Natuna tengah menjalin kerjasama ekspor produk gurita beku dengan negara Jepang. Namun, sistem logistik ekspor yang diberlakukan saat ini dianggap belum efektif dan efisien dikarenakan tingginya biaya dan lamanya durasi pengiriman. Pada tugas akhir ini dilakukan perencanaan model logistik pengiriman produk gurita beku dari Natuna menuju Jepang untuk memperoleh biaya satuan pengiriman, durasi perjalanan optimum, serta jadwal kedatangan kapal pada tiap titik transitnya. Metode yang digunakan adalah Shortest Path Problem untuk mengoptimasi 24 jadwal pengiriman muatan selama satu tahun sehingga didapatkan hasil rute optimum yang berbeda-beda pada tiap jadwal pengiriman sesuai dengan ketersediaan kapal yang beroperasi. Hasil analisis menunjukkan dengan menggunakan alternatif rute yang baru, rata-rata durasi total pengiriman yang dibutuhkan adalah selama 32 hari, dengan total biaya pengiriman rata-rata sebesar Rp 31,3 juta per-TEU. Dengan demikian, rute optimum yang didapatkan mampu mengurangi biaya pengiriman gurita beku sampai 48% serta memperpendek durasi pengiriman sampai 33 hari dibandingkan dengan rute pengiriman saat ini. ================================================================================= Integrated Marine and Fishery Centre in Natuna (or commonly called SKPT Natuna) has the potential of fishery products up to 350.000 kg every month. Currently, SKPT Natuna is in a trade partnership with Japan in exporting frozen octopus product. Unfortunately, the current export logistics system is considered ineffective and inefficient due to the high shipping costs and the long duration of this shipment needed. This final project will be discussing about the logistics system model in exporting frozen octopus from Natuna to Japan to get the unit cost of shipping, the duration of the trip, and the ship's arrival schedule at each transit point. This optimization model using Shortest Path Problem as the method to optimize 24 frozen octopus shipping schedules in 2020. It was found that the optimum route for each delivery schedule could be varies according to the availability of the ships. The analysis shows that by using the new alternative routes, the shipping requires average total duration by 32 days and requires average total shipping cost of Rp 31,3 per-TEU. Thus, the optimum route solutions from the Shortest Path Problem optimization model are able to reduce the frozen octopus shipping cost by up to 48% and shorten the delivery duration by 33 days compared to the current shipping route.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cold Chain Logistics, Gurita beku, Petikemas, Shortest Path Problem, Container, Frozen Octopus
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD38.5 Business logistics--Cost effectiveness. Supply chain management. ERP
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications > HE564.A1 Shipping
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications > HE566.F7 Freighters. Cargo ships
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology (MARTECH) > Sea Transportation Engineering > 21207-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Agatha Kezia Caterina
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2020 00:44
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2020 00:44
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/81134

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