DESAIN KONSEPTUAL KAPAL LASH UNTUK ANGKUTAN KEPULAUAN. (STUDI KASUS: KEPULAUAN KANGEAN)

AWWALIN, RODLITUL AWWALIN (2020) DESAIN KONSEPTUAL KAPAL LASH UNTUK ANGKUTAN KEPULAUAN. (STUDI KASUS: KEPULAUAN KANGEAN). Masters thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Produksi, ketersediaan, terhadap harga kebutuhan, telah menjadi perhatian utama dan masalah di daerah pulau-pulau kecil, hal tersebut juga berkorelasi dengan waktu dan bagaimana transportasi laut berperan dalam usaha untuk memenuhi permintaan pengangkutan barang melalui transportasi laut di Kepulauan Kangean. Kapal Lighter Abroad Ship (LASH) ini adalah kapal kargo yang memanfaatkan muatan berupa kemasan tongkang-tongkang yang mengapung yang berfungisi sebagai gudang terapung. Konsep pemanfaatan kapal LASH adalah bertujuan untuk mengurangi waktu bersandar di pelabuhan, sehingga dapat memperpendek waktu kapal diam pelabuhan, yang dimaksutkan untuk menambah efektifitas pengangkutan muatan barang. Metode yang digunakan untuk menentukan besar muatan yaitu menggunakan pendekatan jumlah konsumsi per kapita penduduk dan prosentase muatan dari kapal yang saat ini melayani rute Kepulauan Kangean, kemudian perhitungan kapasitas tongkang. Untuk menentukan kapasitas maksimum kapal dilakukan dengan metode konfigurasi perpindahan (bongkar-muat) tongkang sehingga didapatkan kapasitas maksimum tongkang diatas kapal. Dari hasil eksperimen diperoleh kapasitas maksimum tongkang diatas kapal yaitu sebesar 24 unit tongkang. Dengan ukuran kapal L 38,99 m, B 11,14 m, H 5,20 m, dan T 3,90 m. Perhitungan biaya-biaya kapital kapal, tongkang, serta dermaga/pelabuhan, biaya operasional kapal, pelabuhan, serta beberapa pertimbangan Load factor dari muatan dan pendapatan, didapatkan analisa ekonomi bahwa BEP akan terjadi pada tahun ke-9 dan NPV sebesar 23,528 Milyar rupiah. ========================================================= Production, availability, to the price of necessity, have become major concerns and problems in small island areas, it is also correlated with the timing and how sea transportation plays a role in the effort to meet the demand for goods transportation via sea transportation in the Kangean Islands. This Lighter Abroad Ship (LASH) is a cargo ship that utilizes cargo in the form of floating barges that function as a floating warehouse. The concept of using LASH ships is aimed at reducing the time to dock at the port, so as to shorten the time for ships to remain at port, which is intended to increase the effectiveness of transporting cargo. The method used to determine cargo size is to use the approach of total consumption per capita population and the percentage of cargo from vessels currently serving the Kangean Islands route, then calculating the barging capacity. To determine the maximum capacity of the ship, the method of configuring the displacement (loading and unloading) of the barge is used to obtain the maximum barge capacity on board. From the experimental results, the maximum barge capacity on board is 24 barges. With ship sizes L 38.99 m, B 11.14 m, H 5.20 m, and T 3.90 m. Calculation of the capital costs of ships, barges, and docks / ports, operating costs of ships, ports, as well as some load factor considerations of cargo and income, an economic analysis is obtained that the BEP will occur in the 9th year and NPV of 23.528 billion rupiah.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tongkang, Kapal LASH, BEP, NPV ============================== Barge (Lighter), LASH Ship, BEP, NPV
Subjects: V Naval Science > V Naval Science (General) > V220 Naval ports, bases, reservations, docks, etc.
V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering > VM293 Shipping--Indonesia--Safety measures
V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering > VM297 Ships Designs and drawings
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology (MARTECH) > Naval Architecture and Shipbuilding Engineering > 36101-(S2) Master Thesis
Depositing User: RODLITUL AWWALIN
Date Deposited: 27 Aug 2020 03:59
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2020 03:59
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/81219

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