Analisis Teknis Dan Ekonomis Penggunaan Laminasi Bambu Ori Dengan Variasi Umur Untuk Pembuatan Kapal Kayu

Rohman, Nur Fatkhur (2014) Analisis Teknis Dan Ekonomis Penggunaan Laminasi Bambu Ori Dengan Variasi Umur Untuk Pembuatan Kapal Kayu. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

[img]
Preview
Text
4109100011-Undergraduate_Thesis.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (6MB) | Preview

Abstract

Ketersediaan kayu jati sebagai material dasar pembangunan kapal kayu setiap tahun mengalami penurunan. Menurunnya ketersediaan kayu jati menjadi penyebab harga kayu jati yang semakin tinggi. Bambu Ori (Bambusa Arundenacea) menjadi material alternatif pembangunan kapal kayu. Bambu ori mudah didapatkan, mudah dalam pembudidayaan, laju pertumbuhan yang cepat, dan memiliki sifat mekanis yang baik. Pemilihan variasi umur bambu mempengaruhi sifat mekanis (Tarik dan Tekuk). Penelitian ini memaparkan nilai kuat tarik dan kuat tekuk maksimum bambu laminasi berdasarkan lima variasi umur. Pengujian tarik (Tensile Testing) dan pengujian tekuk (Flexure Testing) digunakan untuk menganalisis kuat tarik dan tekuk berdasarkan ASTM D 3500 dan ASTM D3034. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan bahwa bambu variasi lima tahun memiliki kuat tarik dan kuat tekuk yang paling baik sebesar 213.275 Mpa dan 127.44 Mpa. Perhitungan ekonomis menunjukkan laminasi bambu variasi lima tahun memiliki keunggulan dari sisi ekonomis dengan biaya produksi sebesar Rp 30,933,768 untuk pembangunan geladak kapal kayu 30 GT. ================================================================================================================== Availability of teak wood as the basic material construction of wooden ships has decreased every year. The price of teak wood is higher than bamboo that cause of declining availability of teak. Ori bamboo (Bambusa Arundenacea) can be used to alternative material for wooden ship production. Ori bamboo is easy to reached, easy to cultivation, rapid growth rate, and good mechanical properties. The variations of age can influence mechanical properties of ori bamboo (Tensile and Flexure). This study describes the value of tensile and flexure strength in maximum condition of laminated bamboo based on five age variations. Tensile and flexure testing are used to analyze of tensile and flexure strength based on ASTM D 3500 and ASTM D3034. The test results showed that the five year variation of ori bamboo has the best tensile and flexure strength, it was 213.275 MPa and 127.44 MPa. The Economic calculations showed that five years variation of laminated ori bamboo has the advantage of economical for production cost, it was Rp 30,933,768 for the construction of a wooden deck 30 GT.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSPe 623.820 7 Roh a
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kapal kayu, Laminasi bambu, Bambu ori, Geladak kapal, Variasi umur kuat tarik, Kuat tekuk
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > NA1507.K45 Building, Wooden.
V Naval Science > VM431 Fishing boats
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology (MARTECH) > Naval Architecture and Shipbuilding Engineering > 36202-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: ansi aflacha
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2020 03:16
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2020 03:16
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/81920

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item