Analisis Biaya Kerugian Kemacetan Jalan Akibat Adanya Kerusakan Pada Kendaraan Berat Di Jalan Arteri Primer (Studi Kasus : Ruas Jalan Surabaya-Mojokerto)

Fatikasari, Aulia Dewi (2021) Analisis Biaya Kerugian Kemacetan Jalan Akibat Adanya Kerusakan Pada Kendaraan Berat Di Jalan Arteri Primer (Studi Kasus : Ruas Jalan Surabaya-Mojokerto). Masters thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Jalan Raya Kletek merupakan salah satu jalan arteri primer yang tidak lepas dari kemacetan. Salah satu penyebab kemacetan diduga disebabkan oleh peristiwa yang tidak dapat diprediksi yaitu masalah pada kendaraan berat seperti bocor atau pecah ban, kerusakan mesin, kerusakan pada as roda, kerusakan pada pegas daun, dan kecelakaan. Kendaraan yang mengalami kerusakan biasanya berhenti di salah satu lajur kendaraan. Hal ini akan menyebabkan penyempitan dan mengurangi kapasitas jalan sehingga jalan tidak mampu lagi menampung volume lalu lintas yang tinggi saat melewati jalan tersebut, maka akan terjadi antrian kendaraan akibat adanya kemacetan pada jalan tersebut. Selain itu, kendaraan yang mengalami kerusakan biasanya membutuhkan waktu yang lama untuk proses evakuasinya sehingga akan memperpanjang antrian saat terjadi kemacetan. Dengan demikian, peristiwa seperti ini tentu saja akan memberikan dampak kerugian bagi pengguna jalan. Dampak yang ditimbulkan dari kemacetan akibat kerusakan pada kendaraan berat yaitu penurunan kinerja jalan, antrian kendaraan dan tambahan biaya perjalanan. Dalam upaya menghitung secara terperinci dampak kerugian yang ditimbulkan, konsep perhitungan biaya kerugian tersebut memiliki beberapa tahapan umum seperti analisis kinerja ruas jalan yaitu rasio antara arus lalu lintas dengan kapasitas jalan, analisis panjang antrian dan tundaan yang terjadi akibat lama waktu penanganan kendaraam berat menggunakan teori disiplin antrian, dan analisis biaya kerugian menggunakan metode Tzedakis yang terdiri dari perhitungan biaya operasional kendaraan dengan menggunakan rumusan LAPI-ITB atau PCI dan nilai waktu menggunakan rumusan income approach. Dari hasil penelitian didapatkan hasil kinerja ruas jalan berdasarkan nilai derajat kejenuhan (DJ) arah Mojokerto-Surabaya kondisi normal memiliki DJ 0,975 dengan ITP E dan kondisi penyempitan memiliki DJ 1,348 dengan ITP F. Arah Surabaya-Mojokerto kondisi normal memiliki DJ 1,054 dengan ITP F dan kondisi penyempitan memiliki DJ 1,457 dengan ITP F. Ketika waktu penanganan 0,5 jam, 1 jam, 2 jam dan 3 jam panjang antrian terpanjang, tundaan terlama, dan biaya kemacetan terbesar terjadi saat Weekday arah Surabaya-Mojokerto. Panjang antrian masing-masing 1753,05 meter , 3506,1 meter, 7012,2 meter, dan 10518,3 meter. Tundaan yang terjadi 0,156 jam, 0,313 jam, 0,627 jam, dan 0,941 jam. Dan biaya kemacetan sebesar Rp 115,558,736, Rp 226,328,031, Rp 433,383,906, dan Rp 633,959,997. Persamaan model hubungan antara waktu penangan, volume lalu lintas, dengan biaya kerugian kemacetan yang didapatkan yaitu ketika waktu penanganan 0,5 jam y = -250880135,069 + 98989,277 X ; 1 jam y = -477367897,880 + 188779,690 X; 2 jam y = -905238025,456 + 358710,459 X dan 3 jam y = -1323226902,369 + 524828,720 X dengan variabel y biaya kemacetan (Rp) dan x volume lalu lintas (skr). Model hubungan dengan menggunakan regresi berganda didapatkan persamaan yaitu y= -1157993389,334+ 396526,126 X1 + 70152463,612 X2 dengan variabel y biaya kemacetan (Rp), x1 volume lalu lintas (skr), dan x2 lama waktu penanganan (jam). Persamaan model tersebut digunakan ketika kapasitas jalan 4/2 D yang awalnya 3531,26 skr/jam menjadi 2553,6 skr/jam diperkirakan akan terjadi antrian ketika volume lalu lintas lebih dari 2554 skr/jam. =============================================================================================== Kletek Highway is one of the primary arterial roads which could not be separated away from congestion problems. One of the causes of congestion is thought to be due to unpredictable events, namely problems with heavy vehicles such as leaking or flat tires, damage to enginne, axle, or leaf springs, and accidents. Damaged vehicles usually stop at one vehicle lane even and this will reduce the capacity of the road and cause constriction so that the road is no longer able to accommodate the high volume of traffic when passing through the road, so there will be a queue of vehicles due to congestion on the road. Damaged vehicles usually stop at one vehicle lane, and it becomes a problem when the vehicle stopping at said lane covers most or all of the road lane. This would reduce the capacity of the road and cause constriction so that the road is no longer able to accommodate the high volume of traffic passing through the road, hence there would be a queue of vehicles due to congestion on the road. In addition, it usually takes a long time for the evacuation process and it would extend the queue even more during traffic jams. Thus, events like this would definitely spread a detrimental impact on road users. The impact caused by congestion due to damage to heavy vehicles is a decrease in road performance, vehicle queues, delay, and additional travel cost. In an effort to calculate in detail the impact of losses incurred, the concept of calculating the cost of loss has several general stages such as the analysis of the performance of traffic flow roads with road capacity, analysis of queue length and delays that occur due to long time handling of heavy vehicles using queuing discipline theory, and cost loss analysis using the Tzedakis method which consists of calculating vehicle operating costs using the LAPI-ITB or PCI formula and time value using the income approach formula. From the results of the study, it was found that the performance of roads based on the value of the degree of saturation (DS) in the direction of Mojokerto-Surabaya, with the normal condition value of DS 0.975 with LOS E and narrowing condition value of DS 1.348 with LOS F. The direction of Surabaya-Mojokerto for the normal conditions values in DS 1.054 with LOS F and for the narrowing condition, the value is DS 1.457 with LOS F. The variations of handling time are 0.5 hours, 1 hour, 2 hours and 3 hours long. The longest queue, the longest delay, and the biggest cost of congestion occurs during Weekday towards the direction of Surabaya-Mojokerto. The queues were 1753,05 m, 3506,1 m, 7012,2 m, and 10518,3 m.The delay occurred was 0.156 hours, 0.313 hours, 0,627 hours, and 0,941 hours. And the congestion costs are Rp 115.558.736, Rp 226.328.031, Rp 433.383,906. dan Rp 633,959,997. The equation model of the relationship between handling time, traffic volume, and congestion costs obtained is when the handling time is 0,5 hours y = -250880135,069 + 98989,277 X ; 1 hours y = -477367897,880 + 188779,690 X; 2 hours y = -905238025,456 + 358710,459 X and 3 hours y = -1323226902,369 + 524828,720 X with variable y congestion cost (Rp) and x traffic volume (pcu). When use multiple regression the quation model is y= -1157993389,334+ 396526,126 X1 + 70152463,612 X2 with variable y congestion cost (Rp), x1 traffic volume (pcu), and x2 time for repair (hours). The model equation is used when the road capacity of 4/2 D from 3531,26 pcu / hour to 2553,6 pcu / hour is expected to narrow when the traffic volume is more than 2554 pcu / hour.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biaya Kerugian Kemacetan, Kinerja Jalan, Panjang Antrian, Tundaan, Congestion Costs, Road Performance, Queue Length, Delays
Subjects: T Technology > TE Highway engineering. Roads and pavements
Divisions: Faculty of Civil, Planning, and Geo Engineering (CIVPLAN) > Civil Engineering > 22101-(S2) Master Thesis
Depositing User: AULIA DEWI FATIKASARI
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2021 03:40
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2021 03:40
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/83233

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