Modifikasi Lean Assessment Matrix Tool Dengan DEMATEL Dan Key Performance Indicator

Fasa, Nadia (2021) Modifikasi Lean Assessment Matrix Tool Dengan DEMATEL Dan Key Performance Indicator. Masters thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Salah satu tool untuk membantu dalam penerapan lean yaitu lean assessment matrix (LAM). Tool ini membantu memetakan pemborosan dengan tipe/jenis dan akar pemborosan, menentukan akar pemborosan dan merekomendasikan tindakan untuk mengurangi atau mengeliminasi akar pemborosan. LAM terdiri dari dua matrix. LAM 1 digunakan untuk mendapatkan prioritas jenis waste dan akar penyebab waste. Prioritas waste dilakukan setelah melakukan assessment yang mempertimbangkan severity, occurrence, nilai relasi antar waste dan impact value. Pada LAM 1 versi original, menggunakan Waste relationship matrix (WRM) untuk mendapatkan nilai relasi antar waste. Kekurangan dari tool WRM adalah banyaknya jumlah pertanyaan yang digunakan dan konversi nilai yang tidak ada basisnya saat mengukur nilai relasi waste, sehingga tidak memudahkan bagi responden untuk bisa mendapatkan nilai relasi waste secara praktis di perusahaan. Selain itu, kekurangan pada LAM 1 lainnya juga terjadi pada severity yang melihat dampak terjadinya waste hanya berdasarkan dari besarnya dampak yang ditimbulkan atau dari besarnya kerugian biaya yang harus dikeluarkan oleh perusahaan saja, padahal tidak semua dampak dapat terukur. Sehingga, Modifikasi pada tool LAM 1 digunakan untuk (1) memudahkan responden dalam menentukan nilai relasi waste dengan mengadopsi Decision Making Trial And Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL) serta (2) mengukur dampak waste terhadap pencapaian Key Performance Indicator (KPI) perusahaan. Implementasi modifikasi Lean Assessment Matrix (LAM) 1 pada studi kasus pertama menghasilkan priority rank of waste yaitu jenis waste Defect (W3, W2, W4) dan waste Overprocessing (W16 dan W15). Sedangkan pada studi kasus kedua didapatkan priority rank of waste yaitu jenis waste Overproduction (W4), waste Defect (W2), waste Waiting (W5 dan W7), dan waste Transportation (W9). Hasil dari modifikasi tool LAM yang dilakukan dapat membantu perusahaan untuk menentukan waste kritis dengan lebih mudah dan selaras dengan strategi perusahaan. ====================================================================================================== One of the tools to assist in implementing lean is the lean assessment matrix (LAM). This tool helps map waste by type and root of waste, determines the root of waste and recommends actions to reduce or eliminate root waste. LAM consists of two matrices. LAM 1 is used to get priority types of waste and the root causes of waste. Waste priority is carried out after conducting an assessment that considers severity, occurrence, relation value between waste and impact value. In the original version of LAM 1, use the Waste relationship matrix (WRM) to get the value of the relationship between wastes. The drawbacks of the WRM tool are the large number of questions used and the conversion of values that have no basis when measuring the value of the waste relations, so it is not easy for respondents to get the value of the waste relations practically in the company. In addition, other deficiencies in LAM 1 also occur in severity which sees the impact of waste based solely on the magnitude of the impact or from the amount of cost loss that must be incurred by the company, even though not all impacts can be measured. Thus, modifications to the LAM 1 tool are used to (1) make it easier for respondents to determine the value of the waste relationship by adopting the Decision Making Trial And Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL) and (2) measuring the impact of waste on the achievement of the company's Key Performance Indicator (KPI). The implementation of modification of Lean Assessment Matrix (LAM) 1 in the first case study resulted in a priority rank of waste, namely the types of waste defects (W3, W2, W4) and waste overprocessing (W16 and W15). Whereas in the second case study, the priority rank of waste is obtained, namely the types of waste overproduction (W4), waste defects (W2), waste waiting (W5 and W7), and waste transportation (W9). The result of the modification of the LAM tool that is carried out can help the company to determine critical waste more easily and in line with the company's strategy.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lean, Decision Making Trial And Evaluation Laboratory, Key Performance Indicator, Lean Assessment Matrix (LAM 1)
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS170 New products. Product Development
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology and Systems Engineering (INDSYS) > Industrial Engineering > 26101-(S2) Master Thesis
Depositing User: Nadia Fasa
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2021 08:48
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2021 08:48
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/83446

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